History Midterm Exam
Terms in this set (93)
agreed upon government system
first English settlement, survived on/because of tobacco; almost failed
House of Burgesses
made the laws for the colonys
where the pilgrims landed
What major event occurred before the Olive Branch Petition was sent to King George III?
The Battles of Lexington and Concord
What did the Congress ask the King to do and what did the Congress say they would do in return?
They declared loyalty to the King and asked him to repeal the intolerable acts
Who led the Green Mountain Boys?
What fort did the Green Mountain Boys attack?
Who also helped lead the attack on Fort Ticonderoga?
What did the Green Mountain Boys and Benedict Arnold seize at Fort Ticonderoga?
Cannons and Gunpowder
Colonists who favored war against Britain
Colonists loyal to Britain
What was the significance of the battle of Bunker Hill in terms of when it was fought?
It was the first major battle
Where was the Battle of Bunker Hill fought?
Outside of Boston
How did the Green Mountain Boys and Benedict Arnold help take control of Boston?
They got the cannons from Fort Ti that drove the British out
What was the significance of Dorchester Heights?
it was where the cannons were placed to drive out the British
How did British General Howe respond to the Dorchester Heights strategy?
General Howe left to Canada
The shutting of a port to keep people and supplys in or out
Troops for hire
What was the major message and main ideas of the Declaration of Independence?
To become independent and have no more kings of queens
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Which side won the Battle of Long Island?
The British won the Battle of Long Island
How did Washington Escape?
Washington took little boats across to Manhattan and also had extra time because of the fog, and then Fled to New Jersey
In the Battle of Trenton which river did Washington cross on Christmas night?
The Delaware River
Who did the Americans surprise and defeat at the Battle of Trenton?
The Americans surprised and defeated the Hessians in Trenton
Who were the opposing generals at Saratoga?
Gates and Burgoyne
What was the result of the Battle of Saratoga?
The Americans won
Why did Saratoga change the course of the war?
After the Battle of Saratoga the French decided to be on the Americans side
Nations working together to achieve a common goal
Who did Washington appoint to lead the Southern Wing of his army?
Who was second in command of the southern wing of Washington's army?
Small hit and run tactics to harass the British
How did the Americans win the Battle of Cowpens?
The British charged into what they thought was a lousy militia but then realized they went into a trap when the artillery and army came
Who was the British commander at Yorktown?
How did the French help at Yorktown?
The French cut off Cornwallis with their navy
What was the result of the Battle of Yorktown?
The British surrendered
What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris?
The terms were that the nation expanded and Britain recognized America as independent
Someone who owes dept
Laws that treated slaves like property
Belief that thought colonies should benefit from the home country
People thought to have "pure religion"
Founded Rhode Island
Spoke out to Puritan Leaders
A Quaker, who founded Pennsylvania
Where settlers discussed and voted on many issues
Worked with no pay and not to become free
People who worked to become free
The Great Awakening
Spread democratic ideas throughout the colonys and caused many churches to get built
Education in the colonys
Northern Colonys-Tax supported public schools
Middle Colonys-Private Schools
Southern Colonys-Private Tutors
When many European thinkers applied science to everyday life and society
John Peter Zenger
A writer for weekly journal who is the reason for freedom of the press
Writs of Assistance
Allowed officers to Inspect a ships cargo without reason
French and Indian War
A war caused over the Ohio River Valley between America and France
(also other native tribes were on the french's side)
Proposed "The Albany Plan of Union"
The Albany Plan of Union
The goal was to create one central government for the 13 colonys
Proclamation of 1763
Drew an imaginary line across the Appalachian Mountains and no colonist was supposed to cross that line
Put tax on Molasses which was a very valuable item at the time
Placed new duties and taxed all legal documents
A written request to someone in authority
To refuse to buy certain goods
A document that let officers search a ships cargo
Called for greater Women's rights, and spurred the colonist into action with their pens
A skilled lawyer, had high knowledge of British Law
Stood firmly against Britain, loved politics
The Boston Tea Party
When colonist dressed up as Indians and threw British Tea into the ocean
The Intolerable Acts
- Four Main Acts -
Boston Port Act - Shut down Boston's port
Quartering Act - British Officers could stay in colonist houses
Quebec Act - Gave religious freedom to French Catholics
Administrative Justice Act - Gave British Officers and unfair trial
The First Continental Congress
A committee made up of representatives from 12 of the 13 colonys
An army of citazens
Lexington and Concord
Where the first shots of the Revolution War were shot
A document that set out the laws and principals
Articles of Confederation
Written in 1777, created a very loose alliance between the 13 colonys
Money Problems After The War
America printed lots of paper money, but then the money was less valuable
Government for the northwestern territorys
When 1000 farmers organized an uprising to protest the supply and demand, attacked courthouses
Representatives that gathered in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation
Often called "The Father of The Constitution"
Favored large states, representatives by the population
New Jersey Plan
Favored small states, Gave each state two representatives
Branch that creates laws
Branch that decides if the laws are fair
Branch that carries out the laws
Worked out the Great Compromise
The Great Compromise
Compromise that combined the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan together
Said that 3/5 of the slave population counted towards the actual population
Slave Trade Compromise
A law in the Constitution that said America could keep slave trade for 20 more years
A government where citizens choose a representative to make decisions for them
A law that said no person could go to jail without a trial and committing a crime
Had an idea that people should have natural rights and a ruler has to make an agreement with the people
People who favored a strong government
People who opposed a strong government
Bill of Rights
Ten amendments that said what the people CAN do