Art 1: Midterm Exam Review


Terms in this set (...)

The 7 elements of design?
1. Line
2. Shape
3. Value
4. Form
5. Space
6. Color
7. Texture
The 7 principles of design?
1. Unity
2. Contrast
3. Movement
4. Pattern
5. Rhythm
6. Emphasis
7. Balance
Most used element in 2D design?
Most used element in 3D design?
The path of a moving point is called:
Colors that are side by side on the color wheel:
What are the primary colors:
Red, Blue, Yellow
What are the secondary colors:
Orange, Violet, Green
What is the difference between implied and real texture?
Visual representation of a surface (implied) or tactile quality of a surface.
Another name for color:
An element that is over, under, and around an object.
What element is used when a line crosses itself to intersect with another line?
What is the name given to opposites on a color wheel?
What is the name given to colors next to each other on the color wheel?
What is created when you add one color plus black?
What is created when you add one color plus white?
What are the dimensions of form?
Height, width, depth
What are the dimensions of shape?
Height, width
Two types of shapes.
Organic and geometric
Term used to describe variations of one hue:
A difference in a hue that ranges from the lightest to darkest or darkest to lightest?
By definition, what are the principles of design?
Rules or ways that an artist arranges the ingredients or elements.
What type of balance is formal; one side that duplicate or mirrors the other side which suggests stability.
What type of balance is informal; images on either side of a central line are different yet create a "felt" balance of the total artwork.
A type of balance where there is a center area or hub and elements radiate out from the center or circle it.
This principle is often referred to as the focal point; an area of the artwork that attracts more attention than anything else in the composition.
What principle is created when repeating an object, symbol, or element of design all over the artwork?
What is a distinctive and recurring form, shape, or figure called?
When an artist repeats, or juxtaposes a specific element creating a feeling of movement that seems to have a beat.
The principle used to describe the arrangement of elements so that your eye moves or flows in a certain direction through a work of art.
This principle creates a sense of completeness by combining similar elements of art to create a feeling of harmony between all parts of the artwork.
Differences in values, color schemes, textures, and other elements to achieve emphasis and interest.
What are the three basic color types?
Primary, secondary, intermediate
How many values does a good pencil drawing have?
A shading technique of gradual transition from light to dark or merging one color into another.
A shading technique using dots to create values.
A technique used to create the illusion of depth by placing one object in front of another.
A type of line and drawing that defines the outer edges of forms and surfaces within a form.
An arrangement of diverse objects such as plants, food, and artifacts in which an artist can work from.
Still Life
The organization of art elements used to harmoniously unified art piece.
Art that has no recognizable subject.
Artwork based on identifiable subjects that can be simplified and/or rearranged with few or no details.
Know the color wheel:
Primary => red, yellow, blue
Secondary => orange, green, violet
Intermediate => yellow-green, blue-green,
blue-violet, red-violet,
red-orange, yellow-orange
Monochromatic => one color plus tints and
shades of that color
Complimentary - colors opposite on the
color wheel (red and green,
yellow and purple)
Analogous - colors next to each other on
the color wheel (green and blue-
An element of art concerned with the degree of lightness of colors. Darker colors are lower in value.
Variations in the dark and light values of color help make objects look solid.
Bands of colored light created when white light is passed through a prism. Also, the full range of colors (the rainbow).
Identifies a color, tells you what it is.
Primary Colors
The three basic colors - red, yellow, blue - from which it is possible to mix all the other colors.
Secondary Colors
Colors that result from a mixture of two primary colors. On the twelve-color wheel - orange, green, and violet.
Intermediate Colors
Hues that lie between the primary and secondary colors on the color wheel. They are yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet, and red-orange.
Complimentary Colors
Two colors that are directly opposite of each other on the color wheel, meaning they are in extreme contrast with each other. Red and green are complementary color as are orange and blue and so on.
One color that is modified by changing the values and saturation of the hue by additions of black and white (the tints and shades of one color).
Colors next to each other on the color wheel and are closely related such as yellow/yellow-orange, yellow-green/green, etc.
Is the brightness or dullness of a color (also called its saturation). High-intensity colors are bright: low-intensity colors are dull. Mixing color with its complement results in a duller color while colors straight from the bottle or tube tend to be bright.
Color Harmonies
Combinations of colors that create satisfying or startling effects when placed together.
Warm Colors
Those hues found in the right side of the color wheel such as red, yellow, and orange make us think of hot things such as the sun and fire.
Cool Colors
Those colors found on the right side of the color wheel such as blue, green and violet that remind us of cool things such as leafy trees, cool water, and shade.
An art element with three properties: hue, value, and intensity.
Light values of color (white).
Darker values of a color (black).
The act of organizing the elements of an artwork into a harmoniously unifies whole.
A line that surrounds a shape. The most basic kind if descriptive line.
Contour Line
Lines that define the outer edges of forms and surfaces within a form, such as shapes of wrinkles and folds. Used in contour drawings to suggest depth and width.
Weighted Lines
Also, define the outer edges of shapes but vary in thickness and darkness. They too give a greater sense of depth to the object.
Expressive Line
Lines that are produced to express an idea, mood, or quality (for example, graceful, nervous, delicate, aggressive, etc.). These types of lines send us messages about what the artist wants his or her work to make us feel. Abstract lines, which are expressive, may not show us objects we recognize, but can still create a feeling for us.
The illusion of three-dimensional space in a drawing.