Art 1: Midterm Exam Review

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

The 7 elements of design?
1. Line
2. Shape
3. Value
4. Form
5. Space
6. Color
7. Texture
The 7 principles of design?
1. Unity
2. Contrast
3. Movement
4. Pattern
5. Rhythm
6. Emphasis
7. Balance
Most used element in 2D design?
Line
Most used element in 3D design?
Form
The path of a moving point is called:
Line
Colors that are side by side on the color wheel:
Analogous
What are the primary colors:
Red, Blue, Yellow
What are the secondary colors:
Orange, Violet, Green
What is the difference between implied and real texture?
Visual representation of a surface (implied) or tactile quality of a surface.
Another name for color:
Hue
An element that is over, under, and around an object.
Space
What element is used when a line crosses itself to intersect with another line?
Shape
What is the name given to opposites on a color wheel?
Complimentary
What is the name given to colors next to each other on the color wheel?
Analogous
What is created when you add one color plus black?
Shade
What is created when you add one color plus white?
Tint
What are the dimensions of form?
Height, width, depth
What are the dimensions of shape?
Height, width
Two types of shapes.
Organic and geometric
Term used to describe variations of one hue:
Monochromatic
A difference in a hue that ranges from the lightest to darkest or darkest to lightest?
Value
By definition, what are the principles of design?
Rules or ways that an artist arranges the ingredients or elements.
What type of balance is formal; one side that duplicate or mirrors the other side which suggests stability.
Symmetrical
What type of balance is informal; images on either side of a central line are different yet create a "felt" balance of the total artwork.
Asymmetrical
A type of balance where there is a center area or hub and elements radiate out from the center or circle it.
Radial
This principle is often referred to as the focal point; an area of the artwork that attracts more attention than anything else in the composition.
Emphasis
What principle is created when repeating an object, symbol, or element of design all over the artwork?
Pattern
What is a distinctive and recurring form, shape, or figure called?
Motif
When an artist repeats, or juxtaposes a specific element creating a feeling of movement that seems to have a beat.
Rhythm
The principle used to describe the arrangement of elements so that your eye moves or flows in a certain direction through a work of art.
Movement
This principle creates a sense of completeness by combining similar elements of art to create a feeling of harmony between all parts of the artwork.
Unity
Differences in values, color schemes, textures, and other elements to achieve emphasis and interest.
Contrast
What are the three basic color types?
Primary, secondary, intermediate
How many values does a good pencil drawing have?
5-7
A shading technique of gradual transition from light to dark or merging one color into another.
Blending
A shading technique using dots to create values.
Stippling
A technique used to create the illusion of depth by placing one object in front of another.
Overlapping
A type of line and drawing that defines the outer edges of forms and surfaces within a form.
Contour
An arrangement of diverse objects such as plants, food, and artifacts in which an artist can work from.
Still Life
The organization of art elements used to harmoniously unified art piece.
Composition
Art that has no recognizable subject.
Non-objective
Artwork based on identifiable subjects that can be simplified and/or rearranged with few or no details.
Abstract
Know the color wheel:
Primary => red, yellow, blue
Secondary => orange, green, violet
Intermediate => yellow-green, blue-green,
blue-violet, red-violet,
red-orange, yellow-orange
Monochromatic => one color plus tints and
shades of that color
Complimentary - colors opposite on the
color wheel (red and green,
yellow and purple)
Analogous - colors next to each other on
the color wheel (green and blue-
green)
Value
An element of art concerned with the degree of lightness of colors. Darker colors are lower in value.
Shading
Variations in the dark and light values of color help make objects look solid.
Spectrum
Bands of colored light created when white light is passed through a prism. Also, the full range of colors (the rainbow).
Hue
Identifies a color, tells you what it is.
Primary Colors
The three basic colors - red, yellow, blue - from which it is possible to mix all the other colors.
Secondary Colors
Colors that result from a mixture of two primary colors. On the twelve-color wheel - orange, green, and violet.
Intermediate Colors
Hues that lie between the primary and secondary colors on the color wheel. They are yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet, and red-orange.
Complimentary Colors
Two colors that are directly opposite of each other on the color wheel, meaning they are in extreme contrast with each other. Red and green are complementary color as are orange and blue and so on.
Monochromatic
One color that is modified by changing the values and saturation of the hue by additions of black and white (the tints and shades of one color).
Analogous
Colors next to each other on the color wheel and are closely related such as yellow/yellow-orange, yellow-green/green, etc.
Intensity
Is the brightness or dullness of a color (also called its saturation). High-intensity colors are bright: low-intensity colors are dull. Mixing color with its complement results in a duller color while colors straight from the bottle or tube tend to be bright.
Color Harmonies
Combinations of colors that create satisfying or startling effects when placed together.
Warm Colors
Those hues found in the right side of the color wheel such as red, yellow, and orange make us think of hot things such as the sun and fire.
Cool Colors
Those colors found on the right side of the color wheel such as blue, green and violet that remind us of cool things such as leafy trees, cool water, and shade.
Color
An art element with three properties: hue, value, and intensity.
Tints
Light values of color (white).
Shades
Darker values of a color (black).
Composition
The act of organizing the elements of an artwork into a harmoniously unifies whole.
Outline
A line that surrounds a shape. The most basic kind if descriptive line.
Contour Line
Lines that define the outer edges of forms and surfaces within a form, such as shapes of wrinkles and folds. Used in contour drawings to suggest depth and width.
Weighted Lines
Also, define the outer edges of shapes but vary in thickness and darkness. They too give a greater sense of depth to the object.
Expressive Line
Lines that are produced to express an idea, mood, or quality (for example, graceful, nervous, delicate, aggressive, etc.). These types of lines send us messages about what the artist wants his or her work to make us feel. Abstract lines, which are expressive, may not show us objects we recognize, but can still create a feeling for us.
Depth
The illusion of three-dimensional space in a drawing.