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Terms in this set (28)

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problem-focused coping : a strategy often ideas by younger adults to deal with stress in which they tackle a stressful issue directly
Examples:
- In a difficult work situation, they might complaint to their boss, transfer to another department or location, quit their job or find some other way to eliminate the problem.
- If there is a romantic relationship that is giving them trouble , they might discuss necessary changes with their partner or simple beak up.

Emotion focused coping: a strategy often used by older adults to deal with stress in which they change their feelings about the stressor rather than changing the stressor itself.
Examples:
- In a stressful work issue, they might remind themselves that their boss's opinions are uniformed or they might rely on a good relationship with a coworker, joking and complaining but not taking direct action.
- If something about their marriages is frustrating, older adults might focus on their partner's good qualities and ignore the annoying ones.

Gender differences:
- Men are more likely to let work stress interfere with their mood; women in contrast, are more trouble by marital stress.
- Mean are incline to be problem- focused, reacting in a "fight-or - flight" manner. Their sympathetic nervous system( faster heart rate- increases adrenaline) prepares then for attack or escape. Their testosterone level rises when they attack a problem and decreases when they fail.
- On the other hand, women are more emotion-focused, likely to "tend and befriend" that is, to seek the company of other people when they are under pressure. Their bodies produce oxytocin, a hormone that leads them to seek confidential and caring interactions. This is why a women might get upset if a man doesn't want to talk about his problem and why a man might get upset if a woman just wants to talk intend of taking action.