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AP World History Fall Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (98)
What role did women play in agricultural village societies?
Women participated in farming and textile work
What provided the primary economic foundation for civilization?
Sewage systems was a feature found in some cities in the First Civilization: T or F?
What provided evidence of interaction and exchange among the First Civilizations and surrounding regions in the ancient world?
What was a motivation for the expansion of the Roman Empire?
The wealth of the eastern Mediterranean societies
What was a characteristic of all classical empires?
They were powerful states capable of coercing resources from subjects
What was the basic difference between what the Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty believed was the key to good environment?
Roman Empire emphasized good laws while Han Dynasty emphasized good men
Which of the following had the weakest tradition rule by monarchs?
Buddhism and Hinduism are similar in that they both what?
Both offered hope for final release from the cycle of rebirth
What is true of the religious and philosophical traditions that developed in Eurasia in the centuries surrounding 500 B.C.E.?
They all elevated the value of humankind
How did Confucianism affect Chinese society?
It helped produce well-trained government officials and helped society by making a code of conduct so they will be organized
What is an Upanishad?
An ancient Sanskrit text that contains some of the central philosophical concepts and ideas of Hinduism
What did Buddhism and Christianity have in common?
Both started out as an effort to reform the religions from which they had come, but soon emerged as separate religions
What was a major source of slaves in the Roman Empire?
Prisoners of war
In the classical era, the continents had an unequal population distribution, with the vast majority of the world's people living in what part of the world?
Both the Maya and Axum were similar in what way?
They both possessed written scripts
What technological invention facilitated Indian Ocean commerce?
During the classical era, metallurgy was least developed where?
What do the Xiongnu, the Uighurs, the Khitan, and the Jurchen have in common?
They were able to gain large amounts of valuable goods from China, often as thinly disguised "protection money" that kept them from attacking China. They also established nomadic empires to the north of China
Which religious traditions blended elements of Hinduism and Islam?
In which region was conversion to Islam motivated by a desire to expand trading networks rather than from the result of conquest and Islamic rule?
Why was the city of Mecca important?
It is where Muhammad lived and started Islam. The Ka'ba is also located here
Islam had roots in which set of religious or philosophical traditions?
Judaism, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism
What brought the Byzantine Empire to an end?
The Ottoman Turks
How did the Mongols contribute to the globalization of the Eurasian World?
Promoted international commerce, supported merchants, and encouraged the exchange of ideas and techniques
What contributed to the doubling of the Chinese population during the Tang and Song Dynasty?
The adoption of a fast-ripening strain of rice from Vietnam
The invention of printing in China was linked with which religion?
What is the Hajj?
The Hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca
What contributed to the decline of Christianity in Asia and Africa by 1500?
The spread of Islam
What was a characteristic feature of pastoral societies?
Which element of Hinduism did Buddhism reject?
The religious authority of the brahmins
What was a factor in the growth of Buddhism in China after 300 CE?
Collapse of the Han Dynasty brought chaos and discrediting of Confucianism. Nomadic rulers in northern China favored the religion
In Western Europe from 1000 to 1300, power was divided among who?
Among kings, nobles, and church leaders
Besides Islam, which of the following was also a target of western European crusades?
The Eastern Orthodox Christianity
Did the Songhay Empire and the Ottoman Empire share a common religion?
How was Islam introduced into southeast Asia and West Africa?
By traveling merchants
In what way were the Aztec and Inca empires similar?
Started out as marginal people who conquered and absorbed older cultures
What did the Inca Empire do that the Aztec Empire did not do?
Built a bureaucracy to integrate and control its subjects
What did the Aztec Empire require conquered people to do?
Required people to pay tribute
What feature did the Mughal Empire and Songhay Empire share?
Their rulers were Muslim, but the majority of their population was not
Which of the following was a web of connection that linked many of the people in the world of the 15th century?
Which of the following describes a feature of chiefdoms?
The collection of tribute from commoners
What represents a way that class distinctions were displayed in the First Civilizations?
The manner of a person's burial
What was a distinctive feature of the Greek way of thinking in the Classical Era?
Confidence in human reason
What was an example of the "weapons of the weak" used by slaves to resist their enslavement?
What are the Axum?
The Axum was a powerful kingdom northern Ethiopia from about 400 BCE into the 10th century
The political structure of the Swahili civilization was similar to what classical civilization?
The city-states of Ancient Greece
What did the Bantu settlements in Africa have that the communities in North America east of the Mississippi river lacked?
How did the sudden rise of Islam in the 7th affect Indian Ocean commerce?
Muslim merchants and sailors established communities of traders from East Africa to the south China coast
Wang Man's reform program for China in 8 C.E. included what?
Government loans to peasant families
What is one reason that Buddhism saw a decline in India?
A revival of Hinduism
The Clovis culture of North America disappeared from the archaeological record around the same time as what?
Many species of large animals became extinct
Which of the following was a technological innovation that spread from China to the rest of Eurasia?
In what respect was Japan's borrowing of Chinese culture different from the experiences of Korea and Vietnam?
It was voluntary rather than under military threat
Slaveholding was least widespread and least central to the economy of?
The emergence of which practice during the Song Dynasty suggests that Chinese women's lives were restricted?
Which of the following was the most thoroughly Islamized region in the period from 600 to 1500?
Sufi practitioners facilitated the conversion to Islam of people living in Anatolia and India by?
Emphasizing personal experience of the divine, rather than the law
What was true about the system of jatis in India?
An individual jati could slowly raise its standing by acquiring land or wealth
Which of the following aspects of Arab tribal life was reinforced in the Quran?
Which of the following is true of pre-Islamic Arabia?
Jews and Christians lived among the Arabs
Which statement characterizes the networks and webs of exchange that connected different parts of the world from 500-1500?
Interaction among the major civilizations operated on a relatively equal basis
Between 500 and 1500, the Afro-Eurasian world experienced a period of intensified interaction under the rule of the?
Which of the following was a force that helped bind the Islamic world together?
The system of Islamic education created by the ulama
Which of the following describes a feature of Bantu religion?
It was concerned with explaining, predicting, and controlling local affairs
Which of the following describes the Persian policy towards people with different cultural traditions who lived within the empire?
Respect and tolerance for non-Persian traditions
In their political organization, the Maya were most like?
The city-states of classical Greece
The Austronesian migrants were different than those who migrated to the Americas because they what?
Brought domesticated plants and animals with them
China's most enduring and intense interaction with outsiders was with who?
The nomadic pastoral people of the northern steppes
The absence of which of the following made long-distance trade in the Americas difficult?
Popular participation in politics was a characteristic of which civilization?
Peasants were honored and merchants were looked down upon in the official ideology of who?
Which of the following was a long-term impact of the Crusades in Europe?
Spain, Sicily, and the Baltic region permanently joined the world of Western Christendom
What was a feature of society during the Paleolithic Era?
Which of the following is an example of a European innovation made possible by borrowing technologies from other civilizations?
The use of gunpowder in cannons
Which of the following was a motivation for European expansion but not for Chinese expansion in the 15th century?
To gain direct access to the goods and wealth of the Indian Ocean basin
Why did pastoral societies emerge only in the Afro-Eurasian world and not in the Americas?
Lack of animals that could be domesticated
During the period 1000 to 1300, the rulers in which region held the least power?
Which of the following describes pastoral societies relationship with agricultural societies?
Pastoral societies sought food stuffs, manufactured goods, and luxury items from agricultural societies
What could women do in both the Aztec and Inca empires?
Exercise political authority
Technological changes in which field limited women's opportunities in Western Europe by the 15th century?
Different parts of the Islamic world were connected through what?
Which of the following shows the effect of Indian Ocean trade on China?
The transformation of southern China from a subsistence economy to an export-oriented economy
Which describes a religious or spiritual aspect of Paleolithic culture?
The worship of masculinity, as reflected in universally male images and statues
The ruler of the Songhay Empire made the pilgrimage to Mecca and asked to be given which title?
Caliph of the Land of the Blacks
In contrast to the spread of Buddhism and Christianity, the early spread of Islam what?
Gave rise to a large empire
Which of the following is an example of the Mongol rulers policy toward people in the conquered territories?
Chinese and Muslim officials were allowed to hold advisory positions in government
Which of the following was a web of connection that linked many of the people in the world of the 15th century?
Which city emerged as a major Muslim port city in the Indian Ocean basin in the 15th century?
Which of the following was a feature of Mongol rule?
Tolerance of all religions
Disagreement over which of the following contributed to the split between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church?
Veneration of icons
Which of the following describes the role of pastoral societies played in world history before the Mongol Empire?
They created a series of nomadic empires and controlled major trade routes
Which of the following is true of the Mughal Empire?
It established unified control over most of the Indian Peninsula
In which century did European people begin to take on a more prominent role on the global stage?
Which of the following describes the effect of Islam on West Africa?
Had the greatest influence on rulers and urban elites
In the 15th century, long distance trade shifted to where?
East Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Indian Ocean
In which empire was a Shia version of Islam made the official religion in the 17th century?
Which of the following describes both pastoral and agricultural societies?
Both possessed relatively egalitarian social structures with few social distinctions
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