Environmental Science AP Chapter 4
Terms in this set (38)
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of Atmosphere. Where weather occurs.
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
% of incoming sunlight that is reflected from a surface, the ability of an object to reflect light
Max amount of H2O vapor that can be in the air
Lower pressure lowers the temp of air and expands its volume
Higher pressure decreases the volume and raises the air temp
Latent heat release
Water vapor in the atmosphere condenses into liquid and energy is released
Convection Currents that cycle between the equator, 30 degrees North and South.
Intertropical Convergence Zone
Area of Earth that receives the most intense sunlight
Air currents above 60 degrees North and South
The deflection of an objects path due to Earth's rotation
Large scale patterns of Water circulation. Ocean surface currents rotate in a clockwise direction in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.
Deeper water rising and replacing the previous water. (The upward movement) brings in nutrients
Drives the mixing of surface water and deeper water. Critical for moving heat and nutrients around the globe.
El Nino-Southern Oscillation
Periodic changes in winds and ocean currents.
one side of a mountain receives all the rain while another does not due to moisture falling on the windward side of the mountain
Particular combination of average annual temperature and annual precipitation and contain distinctive plant growth forms that are adapted to its climate.
Cold, treeless, low growing vegetation. Completely frozen in winter.
Frozen subsoil that prevents water from draining and roots from penetrating.
Algae inside corals will die. This will cause the coral to die. The reef will then turn white.
Bacteria using energy from the bonds of methane and hydrogen sulfide. Found in the deep ocean.
which layer of the atmosphere contains the ozone?
at this location air rises and large amounts of precipitation fall
what type of pressure would we expect do see in desert biomes?
what type of pressure would we expect to see at the equator and around 50-60 degrees north latitude?
which direction do gyres flow in the northern hemisphere?
which direction to gyres flow in the southern hemisphere?
global conveyor belt
what term describes the deep water circulation of the ocean?
The densest layer of the atmosphere is the _________
In what direction does the air generally move at the equator? a. upward b. downward c. horizontally
In what direction does the air generally move at the poles? a. Upward b. Downward. C. Horizontally
High, since the air is falling
Generally what type of pressure system is found at the poles? high or low
Low, since the air is rising
Generally what type of pressure system is found at the equator? high or low
the major role of these is that they distribute heat from the Equator to Northern latitudes (and to southern latitudes)
Tropical Pacific Ocean
where does El Nino occur?
what side of the mountain receives the least rain in the rain shadow effect?
What side of the mountain receives the most rain in the rain shadow effect?
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