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CJ 30000 Final Review Guide
Terms in this set (50)
In noncrime situations, people often expect the police to remove someone who they believe does not belong there. In this situation, the police meets a citizen's expectation of police work by
maintaining a social boundary.
When a person calls the police because of noise, an argument, a family problem, or a dispute with neighbors, the person expects the police to meet his or her expectation of police work by
relieving an unpleasant situation.
Vincent plays loud music at night. His neighbors are annoyed with Vincent's behavior and threaten to call the police. Before his neighbors can call the police and complain about his behavior, Vincent calls the police and complains about the rude behavior of his neighbors. On being questioned about the details of the issue, Vincent tries to divert attention from his own behavior by talking about the rude behavior of his neighbors. This is an example of
When people use the police for missing children, medicals crises, suicide attempts, or being locked out of their car, this activity is called
obtaining an emergency service.
A dispute involving two or more people engaged in an intimate relationship is commonly known as a(n)
The study that sought to determine the deterrent effect of arrest, mediation, and separation in misdemeanor domestic violence was the
Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment.
A proactive police anticrime strategy is practiced when police
themselves initiate the strategy.
A reactive anticrime strategy is defined as
a response to a citizen request for service.
If a reported crime cannot proceed for a variety of legal or environmental factors, police may later choose to
unfound the crime.
The basic process in investigating a crime occurs in two stages: the ________ and the follow-up investigation.
The traditional measure of success in criminal investigation is called the
A person is said to be legally arrested when
the person is in custody and is deprived of his or her liberty by legal authority.
According to James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling, the broken windows hypothesis highlights that no one
will cooperate with police about crime.
The most important difference in community policing is that it represents a(n)
major change in the role of the police.
When the police and community work together to identify causes of neighborhood decay, the cooperative effort is known as
According to John Eck and William Spelman, the ability to identify problems represents the ________ stage of the problem-solving process.
According to John Eck and William Spelman, the ability to collect information about the problem in an attempt to identify its scope, nature, and cause represents the ________ stage of the problem-solving process.
According to John Eck and William Spelman, the data used to develop a strategy to address the problem represents the ________ stage of the problem-solving process stage.
According to Kenneth C. Davis, discretion is defined
an official action by a criminal justice official based on that individual's judgement about the best course of action.
Discretion increases as one moves down the police organization. For this reason, patrol officers have been described as
In the context of policing, ________ exercise the greatest amount of discretion.
Vincent tells the police that he heard strange noises in his home at midnight. Vincent believes that something was stolen in his house, but the police find that nothing was missing in his home. The police also find no evidence for such a crime and hence do not complete the report for it. This action of the police exemplifies
________ are the most common form of contact between the police and the public.
) The probability of arrest and officer use of force increases when a suspect is
disrespectful toward the police.
Ethnicity differs from race in terms of
Differential treatment based on some extralegal category such as race, ethnicity, or gender is known as
Different outcomes that are not necessarily caused by differential treatment are called
Ryan says that the police officer who arrested him for reckless driving did not treat him with respect. He says that the police officer refused to answer his questions and interrupted him whenever Ryan tried to seek an explanation for his arrest. In this case, Ryan feels that he was most likely denied
Which of the following statements is true about Hispanics in the United States?
According to the text, the greatest gap among the attitudes of whites, Hispanics, and African Americans relates to how the police
The two key elements of police corruption are
misuse of authority and personal gain
________ is a term meaning criminal and noncriminal behavior committed during the course of normal work activities or committed under the guise of the police officer's authority.
The most common form of police corruption involves
Even though Gary, a police officer, never actively demands gratuities, but he receives free food and meals from people in his neighborhood so that minor incidents of disorder are ignored in the neighborhood. According to the Knapp Commission, Gary would most likely be labeled a
The term "meat eater" as defined by Knapp Corruption Commission refers to
officers who aggressively demand favors.
A situation where only a few officers are independently engaged in corrupt acts is known as the
rotten apple theory.
In the context of policing, the term ________ refers to police and other government agencies having to answer to the public.
The program COMPSTAT was originally developed in
New York City
One of the central tasks of police management primarily falling upon the Sergeant is
The ratio of sergeants to officers is referred to as the
span of control.
Programs through which officers can receive professional counseling related to the specific problems they encounter are called
employee assistance programs.
Which of the following statements is true about the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program?
It records only reported crime.
The office within a police organization responsible for investigating alleged misconduct by police officers is known as
internal affairs unit.
One of the most influential changes taking place in policing today is related to
Crime analysis involving the identification of specific crime problems in particular geographic areas is called
tactical crime analysis
The type of analysis that focuses on long-term crime trends is
strategic crime analysis.
The type of analysis that provides statistical summaries and data to police managers is
administrative crime analysis.
The analysis of spatial patterns of crime with hot spots is referred to as
The system used to more effectively and efficiently manage calls for service from the public is commonly referred to as
computer aided dispatch.
The process used to input and organize information in one easy-to-access format is referred to as
records management system
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