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Global trimester review chaminade
Terms in this set (76)
A member of a biological group including human beings and related species that walk upright
In Europe, another human species lived and adapted to life in the cold climates of the last Ice Age.
Homo sapiens sapiens
Wise man. Predecessor of homo sapien sapien
Paleolithic Age (Old Stone Age)
Nomadic people, primitive tools, followed food.
the middle part of the Stone Age; marked by the creation of smaller and more complex tools
The switch from nomadic lifestyles to a settled agricultural lifestyle is this revolution.
hunters and gatherers
people who survive by eating animals that they have caught or plants they have gathered
migratory but controlled movement of livestock solely dependent on natural forage. Move place to place but keep animals with them.
a nearly universal system involving the subordination of femininity to masculinity
a society ruled or controlled by women
A society with cities, a central government, job specialization, and social classes, writing system, towns and cities, organized religion, currency.
Fertile land no natural barriers. Between Tigris and Euphrates river.
Mesopotamia's geographical problems and solutions
Unpredictable flooding (irrigation), no natural barriers (built walls and had advanced military), no resources (trade)
Southern portion of Mesopotamia. Spreader out city states, same language, culture. Religion important.
Polytheism. Religion most important. Priests had high place in society. Ziggurat in center of city
Writing system of Mesopotamia
Cuneiform. Written on clay tablets. Needed to keep records, write laws, keep track of commerce.
Hammurabi and his code
Law code written down for all to see. Very harsh, but higher in society you are, the less punishment you have. Equal status means eye for an eye
-fertile land "Miracle of the Nile"
-natural barriers: desert
- Gods believed to favor Egyptians.
Why did pharaohs have absolute power in Egypt?
Egyptians believed the pharaoh was a god in human form
Who built great pyramids and why
Pharaohs built the pyramids as burial for themselves. They show that pharaoh was considered godly and they should have pyramids
First female pharaoh who expanded Egypt through trade
king of Egypt between 1304 and 1237 BC who built many monuments. Expanded Egypt
or King Tut. This tomb was filled with treasures, including jewelry, robes, a burial mask
Assyrians and their society/culture
Brutal group violent, but not chaotic. Conquered and made conquered pay tributes to Assyria. Eventually conquered groups band together to fight the Assyrians and win
A group of people who conquered the Sumerians. They had a very famous king named Hammurabi.
Persians and their society
Respected conquered people.
Cyrus the Great
king of Persia and founder of the Persian empire (circa 600-529 BC). Respected culture of conquered
Persian emperor who organized and expanded the empire. Set up satraps and satrapies. Failed to conquer Greece
Indus River Valley
A valley and early civilization along the Indus River, one of the longest rivers in the world. Had plumbing
Aryans in India
Attacked India came from north conquered introduced caste system
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
religion of Vedic India, based on priests and rituals, particularly sacrifices to the gods
(321-185 BCE) This was the first centralized empire of India whose founder was Chandragupta Maurya. Ashoka the Great conquers all of India. Becomes a Buddhist
A religion based on the teachings of the Buddha. Started by siddhartha guatama. Believed life is suffering. If you follow middle way (not too much suffering or pleasure) you will receive nirvana. Believed in reincarnation. Believed in simplicity.
China's geography and its effect
China surrounded by deserts, seas, and mountains. Not much fertile land. Isolation
Shang and Zhou Dynasties
The first two Chinese dynasties. Decentralized state. Control in land owning elite. Zhou takes over Shang.
Mandate of Heaven
Created by the Zhou dynasty, this was the idea that rulers had divine approval. Gave them reason to get rid of Shang dynasty.
Art of War
an ancient Chinese book on military strategy written by Sun Tzu
a Chinese philosophy that emphasizes strict obedience to laws
A Chinese philosophy where people practice humility, lead a simple life and have harmony with nature. Balance in life.
a system of philosophical and ethical teachings founded by Confucius and developed by Mencius. Education important to society. Virtuous life style.
(221-207 BCE) The first centralized dynasty of China that used Legalism as its base of belief. Qin shi huangdi standardizes measurement systems, belief in legalism, built Great Wall of china.
Warring States Period
402-201 BCE, between Zhou and Qin dynasties, lack of centralized government in China
Chinese dynasty that ruled for most of the period from 202 B.C. to A.D. 220. Confucianism is used. Centralized state. Civil service examinations to find bureaucrats. Created Silk Road.
One big peninsula made up of smaller peninsulas and islands, mountains, few flat areas for farms. Mountains separated city states, hard to unite. Sea faring people.
The Mediterranean society that formed on the island of Crete and who were a big maritime society. Not necessarily Greek.
An Indo-European people who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 B.C. first city state of Greece. War like people. Dark age came after they fell.
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC). Iliad and odyssey used to show what a Greek man should be like.
A city-state in ancient Greece. Self sustaining.
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
Sparta war like, simplistic, oligarchy government. Farming people. Slaves worked land, majority of population.
Based on commerce, the finer side of life, philosophy, direct democracy. Originally tyrant controlled city state.
what made spartan boys live in barracks, train for the military, ect
A series of wars between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire (5th century B.C.). Delian league formed by Athens to defend Greece. Sparta didn't join because Athens was leader.
Athenian Golden Age
Period of Athenian political leadership, economic growth and cultural flourishing. Money brought in from Delian league caused great economic prosperity
a war in which Athens and its allies were defeated by the league centered on Sparta. Started when Sparta starts Peloponnesian league to combat Delian league
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia who conquered Greece, Egypt, and Persia. Stretched his empire from Macedonia to Indus river
ancient Greek civilization that emerged under the rule of Alexander the Great
Hilly, weak natural barriers, fertile land, bad ports. Had to unite because they had no buffers to defend themselves from invasion
How was Rome founded?
Romulus and Remus story.
What three major groups influenced rome
Latins, Greeks, Etruscans
How did the Etruscans influence Rome?
Rome used their metalwork and architecture, government, language, and alphabet
How did Greeks and latins influence Rome
Like Etruscans, in language, architecture, art
Roman statesman regarded as a model of simple virtue dictator left after 6 months
Noble man that were elected to the senate wealthy upper class
one of the common people of Rome. Artisans, farmers
12 laws; the earliest Roman code of laws
Law of Nations
A collection of laws to apply to the people of the Roman Confederation
a series of wars between Rome and Carthage in the 200s and 100s BC
60 BCE, unofficial coalition between Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus
Octavian (Augustus), Marc Antony, Lepidus
A time of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
Name given to Octavian following his defeat of Mark Anthony and Cleopatra; first emperor of Rome.
Diocletian and Constantine
Strong emperors toward the end of the Roman empire who tried with some success to reverse fall
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