The Study of Language Chapter 2
Terms in this set (6)
Why is reflexivity considered to be a special property of human language?
Because while other creatures use their own form of language to communicate, only the human language is one where we think about how we talk and why we use the words and language we do to communicate the messages, attitudes, etc. that we are trying to convey.
What kind of evidence is used to support the idea that language is culturally transmitted?
Cultural transmission is a way that is used to explain how human language is transmitted culturally. Humans are born with an ability to understand language of some type hard wired in them, but learning a language is based entirely on where you live, and the people around you who are speaking it.
What is the difference between a communication system with productivity and one with fixed references?
A communication system with productivity is one in which the subjects who speak it are always adapting to new surroundings and new objects. For example, humans have words like "iPhone," "Netflix," and "flash player" to describe objects and services that did not exist 20 years ago. A fixed reference communication system is one in which the subjects who speak it do not have the ability to add new phrases and words as ways to communicate.
How did the Gardners try to show that Washoe was not simply repeating signs made by interacting humans?
Because she was able to communicate in the form of sentences, expressing her needs and wants.
If Sarah could use a gray plastic shape to convey the meaning of the word red, which property does her "language" seem to have?
She had an arbitrary property of language since she was simply trained and conditioned to use shapes to get what she wanted and had no real understanding of language.
What was considered to be key element in Kanzi's language learning?
Because he was exposed to the language from a very young age, he observed it and was able to learn it with ease.