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SOCY Exam 3 - Demantas
Terms in this set (68)
Changes in Gendered Employment
Not much change for women...
2. 1950: Bank Teller, Dispatcher. 2010: Cashier
3. 1950: Sales Clerk. 2010: Elementary and Middle School Teacher
4. 1950: Private Househole Worker. 2010: Nurse
5. 1950: Teacher. 2010: Nursing Aide
Wage gap b/w how men and women make for the same job. Gap has stayed fairly consistent since 1970's. This gap is larger for non-white women.
There is a lower glass ceiling for women, so they can't reach the same authority as men. This gap has stayed fairly consistent since the 1970's. The gap is larger for non-white women.
Gender segregation by industry
Segregation within one industry
Segregation by social class. Different levels of prestige within the same industry.
The maximum level of authority/promotion one can reach within a company.
The speed at which one will reach a level of authority/how fast they are promoted within a company.
Racialized Glass Elevator
White men are promoted the fastest compared to non-white women.
Global Patterns in Wage Gap
when a female is in charge, wage gap is a lot smaller. when a white male is in charge, the gap may be larger.
The Purpose of Marriage
Economic, Sexual, or Childrearing/Love
marrying within a social group
marrying outside of your social group
adults who provide material and emotional support for young children and older parents. results in boomerang kids.
Changes in the Meaning of Family
gone from economic reasons to love reasons
Typical family (most common during the 50/60s) average 2.5 kids, white dog.
When both parents work outside the home, so someone has to be hired to take care of the kids.
When there is one parent in the household by choice which is usually a high income women.
Two people who are not married but do live together and may or may not have kids.
Combined families after divorce. Increasingly popular with divorce rates at 66%.
Two adults of the same sex married and/or living together. May or may not have previous children or adopted children.
Blurred lines between home and work
laws against interracial marriage, cohabitation, or sexual interaction
The female in the household brings in the majority of the money
women have broken into male dominated work forces, yet men have failed to do the same in women dominated forces
unpaid labor at home: taking care of the house, kids and emotional work. Mostly women are the main providers of this and there are also racial and global differences about the amount of time done.
Parents contribute equally to the maintenance of the family
Men believe they should be the ones to work outside the home and their wives can do whatever they please work wise as long as the house stays clean
Only the man works while the woman stays at home
any sort of behavior (sexual, physical, emotional, financial, or psychological) that an abuser uses to gain control of the victim
vary based on race, but over 10.4% of white population was divorced, 10.8% of black population, 8% of hispanics divorced. Overall, blacks population was most likely to divorce or never marry.
any form of communication, information production/gathering, includes multiple mediums all together or separate. Very powerful.
Portrayal of Gender in the Media
Female characters are more likely to be in prime time shows, also where the most even ratio of men and women is.
Highest grossing industry behind GE. Makes 40 bil a year. Pornography has become more normalized in television especially Netflix and HBO shows.
Display stereotypical gender images and wants to portray to a certain demographic.
any social group with leadership, organization, and/or ideological commitment to promote or resist social change.
absence or underrepresentation of a group of people in media
The ownership is concentrated and most CEO's are old white men. (GE, Disney, News Corp, Time-Warner, Viacom, and CWS are top producers)
requires that all public schools in each state implement a prevention-oriented child sexual abuse program which teaches: Students in grades preK - 12th grade, age-appropriate techniques to recognize child sexual abuse and tell a trusted adult, School personnel all about child sexual abuse, and Parents & guardians the warning signs of child sexual abuse, plus needed assistance, referral or resource information to support sexually abused children and their families.
USA is the worst healthcare system of 1st world, western countries. Poorer people have more health problems and are more likely to die young, while richer families have better health because they can afford doctors.
The practice by insurance companies of canceling coverage only after a person gets sick.
Places around the united states where cities are too poor to provide healthy and affordable grocery options to people, so they rely on fast food restaurants.
An environmental policy or practice that negatively affects people of a certain race or ethnicity.
study of disease patterns to understand the cause of illnesses, how they are spread, and what interventions to take.
Criminal Justice System
system of practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts. The USA system has become more privately controlled, therefore the system does not do people justice.
War on Drugs
Idea was proposed by Nixon, but enacted by Reagan. Really an undercover operation to remove black people from ghettos. Clinton also adopted the principle with the 3 strikes your out rule in California.
behavior, trait, belief or any other characteristic that violates a norm and causes a negative reaction
his phenomenon refers to the current American experiment in incarceration, which is defined by comparatively and historically extreme rates of imprisonment and by the concentration of imprisonment among young, African American men living in neighborhoods of concentrated disadvantage.
EVIL. Organization that works with government officials and privatized industries to pass personal agendas. Owns prisons around USA.
Prison Industrial Complex
a term we use to describe the overlapping interests of government and industry that use surveillance, policing, and imprisonment as solutions to what are, in actuality, economic, social, and political "problems."
A paradigm based on the assumption that society is a unified whole that functions b/c of the contributions of its separate structures.
A paradigm that sees social conflict as the basis of society and social change and that emphasizes a materialist view of society, a critical view of the status quo, and a dynamic model of historical change.
is the idea that in Western culture, gender, rather than being an innate quality of individuals, is a psychologically ingrained social construct that actively surfaces in everyday human interaction.
De-naturalizes the common sense of gender applying a social constructive theory approach which the center is understanding gender is a social institution which is socially accomplished through gender relations
Data structure that studies statistics within a job
Idea that deviance is a consequence of external judgements, or labels, that modify the individual's self-concept and change the way others respond to the labeled person.
hypothesis that we learn to be deviant though our associations with deviant peers
Broken Windows Theory
a criminological theory of the norm-setting and signaling effect of urban disorder and vandalism on additional crime and anti-social behavior.
the process by which some behaviors or conditions that were once seen as personal problems are redefined as medical issues
Ethnographer who studied crime rings in the inner city.
Developed symbolic interactionism theory
Lawyer who helps fight for civil rights and has taken cases to supreme court
"second wave of feminism"
Studied work and family together developed theory of social labor
Developed differential association
Developed labeling theory
Insights on gender and sexuality
Adia Harvey Wingfield
She specializes in research that examines the ways intersections of race, gender, and class affect social processes at work.
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