10 terms

The Study of Language Chapter 6

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Terms in this set (...)

Moephology
Literally means, "the study of forms."
Morphemes
"A minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function."
Free morphemes
Morphemes that can stand by themselves as single words. (open and tour)
Bound morphemes
Morphemes that cannot stand alone and are typically attached to another form. (re-, ist, -ed, -s).
Lexical morphemes
Ordinary nouns, adjectives, and verbs that we think of as the words carry the "content" of the messages we convey. (girl, man, house, yellow, etc).
Functional morphemes
Functional words in the language such as conjunctions, prepositions, articles, and pronouns.
Derivational morphemes
We use these bound morphemes to make new words or to make words of different grammatical category from the stem.
Inflectional morphemes
Use to indicate aspects of the grammatical function of a word.
Morphs
Actual forms used to realize morphemes.
Allomorphs
When you find a group of different morphs, all versions of one morpheme, we can use the prefix allo (=one of a losely related set) and describe them as allomorphs of that morpheme.