38 terms

Lit Terms

English 3 (ACP) Literary Terms
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Narrative techniques
telling of a story that determines approach, advances the plot
foreshadowing
prepping the reader for the future; hints
stream of consciousness
attempts to reproduce the full and uninterrupted flow of a character's mental process, in which ideas, memories, and sense impressions mingle without logical transitions. Need not use conventional grammar.
flashback
scene that interrupts present action to depict earlier event
frame story
story that contains another story/stories. Usually significant to the main story
projection into future (flash forwarded)
glimpses of the future; often creates suspense/curiosity
narrative pace
the speed (ex: quickly, slowly) of the story/novel/poem
point of view
the person or intelligence a writer creates to tell the story
speaker
The voice used by another author to tell a story or speak a poem. The speaker is often a created identity, and should not automatically be equated with the author's self.
Narrator
speaker of the story with specific types
First person
Point of view using I; usually a major participant in the action; sometimes unreliable.
Second person
Point of view using YOU (rare)
Third person limited
Point of view limited to one or only a few characters' thoughts/feelings, uses he, she, it
third person omniscient
Point of view that is reliable, but can conceal or reveal at will; uses he, she, it
persona (mask)
"actor's mask"; 1st person narrator is fiction/poetry. View may differ from author's
dialogue
exchange of words between characters
interior monologue
the stream of consciousness revelation of a character's internal thoughts; often relies on sub linguistic level (images and connotations reveal thoughts).
parallel scenes
an invitation to compare/contrast different elements in the story, meaning that two elements line up side by side in such an obvious way that the reader can't help but see their likenesses and differences
denouement
final revelations that occur after the main conflict is resolved
rhetorical questions
persuasive technique; questions that need no answer because its goal is to make you think, get it?
gaps
blanks in text that must be filled in by readers (is it really rare there, or is it a product of different readers' perceptions?)
subplots
a 2nd plot (usually minor characters); usually resolved by events that figure into the main plot
Resources of language
(create tone)
rhetorical techniques
(effective, persuasive)
contrast
to compare in order to show differences
repetition
The return of a word, phrase, stanze form, or effect in any form of literature; an effective literary device that may bring comfort, suggest order, or add special meaning to a piece of literature.
paradox
a statement that seems absurd but is somehow valid.
allusion
reference to famous person, place, thing, or even literary work
understatement
representing something as less important than it is
tragic hero
A protagonist who comes to a bad end as a result of his own behavior, usually cased by a specific personality disorder or character flaw.
sarcasm
exaggerated verbal irony; states the opposite of what's meant, usually to hurt (translates in Greek "to tear flesh like dogs")
caricature
an exaggeration or other distortion of an individual's prominent features or characteristics to the point of making that individual appear ridiculous.
epiphany
a sudden realization or understanding
irony
intended meaning differs from the literal meaning
verbal irony
what is said is ironic; uses hyperbole, understatement, overstatement, opposite statement
dramatic irony
reader knows things chatacter doesn't, consequently hearing things differently
parallel structure
wors, phrases, whole passages that emphasize ideas or images by using similar grammatical constructions
symbolism
representing something more than itself, usually a concrete noun that stands for an abstract concept.