250 Question TCLEOSE test flashcards
Terms in this set (249)
Physical fitness can be divided into two categories; health related and ____ related.
The "Wellness Pyramid" is capped by:
Wellness varies in degrees, ranging from death to:
Optimal well being
In the early days of policing, the nighttime police system was called the:
During its first 100 years as a province of Mexico, Texas was governed by?
Statistics related to law enforcement in Texas from June 2000 data Diversity (gender) from current active licensees
85.5% male, 14.4% female
As American policing developed in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia, an entire system of criminal justice began to experience _____.
Under 217.1. Minimum Standards for Initial Licensure a person must ______________.
be 21 years of age
A firearms proficiency officer designated by an agency will to be responsible for the documentation of annual firearms proficiency. The documentation for each officer shall include:
date of qualification; identification of officer; firearm manufacturer, model; results of qualifying; course(s) of fire.
A minimum standard for the annual handguns firearms proficiency course of fire under Rule- 217.21 shall be:
a minimum of 50 rounds
"The expression or use of facts without distortion by personal feelings or prejudices" is the definition of ____________.
An off-duty officer in his personal vehicle commits a minor law violation (such as a running a stop sign). Assuming you were the officer who stopped him, and that you had already written two other violators that day for the same violation, what action should be taken against this officer?
The officer should be issued a citation for running the stop sign.
Which of the following is an advantage of the professional model for law enforcement?
stronger community support and respect
Refusing to participate in a cover-up is an example of _____ ______.
Which of the following is not a right guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment?
the right to refuse questions when placed on the stand during a trial
The Fourteenth Amendment:
assures that general constitutional restrictions previously applicable to the federal government were to be imposed on the states
Our nation's testimony to its belief in the basic and inalienable rights of the people and in the limitations on the power of government is contained in:
the Bill of Rights
The First Amendment to the Constitution guarantees all except which one of the following?
the right to a speedy and public trial
The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution:
protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures
Which U.S. Constitution amendment provides for protection against double jeopardy?
Of the following, which amendment does not address due process as a Constitutional guarantee?
The Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution:
gives the right to confront witnesses
Which of the following is not addresses in the First Amendment to the constitution?
right to bail
The Bill of Rights was designed to:
limit the power of federal government only
The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides which one of the following protections?
Freedom from double jeopardy
The Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution:
gives the right to public trial
The Texas Dept. of Criminal Justice is a function of which component of the Criminal Justice System?
A Municipal Court is a function of the ______ component of the Criminal Justice System.
A county jail would be a function of which component of the Criminal Justice System?
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a function of which component of the Criminal Justice System?
District courts and criminal district courts have jurisdiction in what cases?
Which of the following is not required in an arrest warrant?
the name of the affiant
The magistrate does not advise the accused of:
the right to a trial by jury
An arrest warrant may be served:
at any time of the day or night
Which of the following items cannot be seized during the execution of a search warrant?
personal writings of the accused showing he committed the crime
A child victim may be photographed for certain reasons after obtaining a search warrant. What offense must have occurred?
either injury with a child, or sexual assault of a child
A capias is:
a writ commanding a peace officer to arrest an accused person
If a Justice of the Peace is not available to conduct an inquest into the cause of death, who may conduct the inquest?
nearest available justice of the peace within the county
Who signs the complaint made before a magistrate?
An investigator of the District Attorney's office is considered:
a peace officer
If, within the hearing of a magistrate, one person shall threaten to take the life of another, including that of his spouse or himself, and it is not an emergency situation, that magistrate:
does not have the authority to arrest
Whenever a magistrate is informed upon oath that an offense is about to be committed against the person or property of the informant or of another, or that any person has threatened to commit an offense, the magistrate shall:
immediately issue a warrant for the arrest of the accused
When an offense classed as a felony or as an offense against the public peace is committed in his presence or view, a peace officer or any other person:
may, without a warrant, arrest the offender
A Justice of the Peace shall conduct an inquest when:
a six year old child dies
A Court of Criminal Appeals Justice is considered a:
Whenever a duty is imposed by the Code of Criminal Procedure upon the Sheriff, the same duty _______ lawfully be performed by his deputy.
The County Courts shall have appellate jurisdiction in criminal cases from which type of court?
Justice Courts and other inferior courts
It is the duty of every peace officer, when he may have been informed in any manner that a threat has been made by one person to do some injury to him-self or to the person or property of another, including the person or property of his spouse to:
to prevent the threatened injury, if within his power
The statute of limitations for sexual assault of a child is:
A municipal peace officer who is outside his jurisdiction, may not arrest, without a warrant, a person who commits what type of offense within his presence or view?
What is the statute of limitations for murder?
The affidavit made before a magistrate or district attorney that charges the commission of an offense is called a?
A warrant of arrest, issued by any county or district clerk, or by any magistrate, except mayors:
shall extend to any part of the state
The officer executing a warrant of arrest shall ___________ take the person before the magistrate who issued the warrant.
without unnecessary delay
After the accused has given the required bond, he:
shall at once be released
What must exist before a magistrate may issue a search warrant?
A trial for a misdemeanor is most likely to take place in:
a lower criminal court
If the grand jury finds sufficient evidence to warrant a trial, they issue:
A bill of indictment
Which of the following events does not take place at the arraignment?
An information is filed
Which of the following would not be considered a peace officer?
Investigator for a private attorney
A peace officer has the right to summon assistance from citizens. If the citizen refuses to aid the officer, what action can the officer take?
Report the person to the district or county attorney.
A peace officer is given a summons to serve. The officer forgets to serve the summons during the shift and finds it later while packing for his week of vacation. The officer goes on vacation, with the intent of serving the summons once he returns. What, if any, law has the officer violated?
Either contempt of court or neglect to execute process
Which of the following is the highest criminal appellate court in Texas?
Court of Criminal Appeals
Joe is arrested for public intoxication (a class c misdemeanor) at a local bar just outside the city limits. Which court has jurisdiction over this case?
Justice of the Peace court
Which of the following peace officers has the authority to issue a citation for disregarding a stop sign?
An adjunct police officer
The Texas Supreme Court hears what type of cases?
An officer is attempting to serve an arrest warrant at a residence. The officer advises of his authority and purpose, but is still refused entry. Which of the following may the officer legally do?
Forcibly enter the residence if he has a felony warrant
A person is arrested and subsequently posts his bond. The person must be released immediately except in which of the following situations?
family violence arrest with probable cause to believe the violence will continue.
The time limitation for a misdemeanor is:
For the purposes of Chapter 5 (Family Violence) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, "family" includes:
all of theses are included in the definition of "family":
O A step children/step parents
O B. foster children/foster parents
O C. ex-spouses
What is the purpose of an arraignment?
Inform the accused of the formal charges against him
Who may take a person into custody for a misdemeanor theft of personal property?
all persons have a right to prevent the consequences of theft of personal property by seizing the person and holding them and the property for the police.
Who may conduct an inquest in a county where there is no Medical Examiner?
a Justice of the Peace
Under the Section 14.04 of the Code of Criminal Procedure what type of crime can you arrest for with assistance from a credible person?
The apprehending or restraining of an individual in order to bring the person before the proper legal officer to answer for an alleged crime is the definition of:
A citizen may arrest a person for committing what type of misdemeanor?
Breach of the Peace
The type of search performed when you have probable cause to justify the search and are able to show the actual existence of an emergency which prevents the time required to obtain a search warrant is called:
A search where circumstances show that the person took some action that indicated he divested himself of possession or ownership of an item is called:
The following is a list of conditions allowing vehicle inventories, which one is not:
inventory is exploratory
Under the Texas Courts, a vehicle inventory will only be proper if:
If it is done according to a written policy which requires the inventory to be done every time a person in control of the vehicle is arrested and the vehicle is in police custody.
Extent of a lawful search of a person without a warrant is limited to:
may search everything in their possession
The extent of a lawful search of a place without a search warrant is limited to:
the area surrounding the subject and under his immediate control when arrested
In order to frisk a stopped suspect, an officer must reasonably suspect that the suspect is:
Police may make a valid stop if they have:
Chimel v. California involved searches of:
the arms-reach area near an arrestee
Landlords can consent to the search of a tenant's property:
may be evidence if abandoned without police misconduct
The standards for a warrantless arrest are the same as for the issuance of:
An arrest warrant
Particular descriptions of the place and things to be searched are required by the:
In determining probable cause, police may use:
any legally obtained information, including evidence which may not be admissible in court
No warrant is required:
if valid consent is given to search
Upon searching the place ordered to be searched, the owner shall receive a copy of the:
Both search and arrest warrants must be based on:
Where it is shown by satisfactory proof to a peace officer upon the representation of a __________ person that a felony has been committed, and that the offender is about to escape, so that there is no time to procure a warrant, such peace officer may without a warrant, pursue and arrest the accused.
It is best to frisk a person when:
you possess facts which place you in fear of your life
Why do courts permit you to seize a weapon without an arrest?
for the officer's safety
Artie murders Bennie by hitting him in the head with an axe. His defense is insanity. This defense ________.
is an affirmative defense and requires that the defendant at the time of the crime did not know the conduct was wrong because of severe mental disease or defect.
Bennie is a deputy sheriff. He sits at home in the evening and reads. Suddenly, he sees the silhouette of a man with a pistol against the window shade by his chair. He arms himself, goes outside, and sees a figure in the shadows holding a pistol. He fires, killing a 13 year neighbor boy who is playing "cops and robbers" with friends. His most reasonable defense is:
mistake of fact
Voluntary intoxication ________.
is no defense
when police induce a person to engage in crimes.
Billie Bennett is 16 years old and murders his entire family of six people, four neighbor children and three pet dogs. He has committed capital murder. He can be:
tried as an adult if certified by the juvenile court, and, if guilty, sentenced to life, 5 to 99 years, $10,000 fine or both.
A sentence of confinement in TDCJ for 2 to 20 years and a $10,000 fine or both, is normal punishment for:
a felony of the 2nd. degree.
Artie goes to Bennie and tries to induce him to kill Artie's wife for $30,000. This is ________.
a criminal solicitation.
Artie and Bennie agree to burglarize a warehouse. They get Percival to go and use his truck to haul the loot. Percy's truck is in bad shape, so he rents one in a false name. Artie "cases" the roads around and structure of the warehouse. This is ________.
a criminal conspiracy because renting the truck and "casing" the warehouse are overt acts.
Criminal attempt requires ________.
more than mere preparation.
Artie has taken a thin sheet of metal and fashioned a "jimmy" tool to open car doors when locked. His intent is to steal them and his offense is ________.
unlawful use/possession of criminal instrument.
Which of the following is not an element of capital murder?
as a result of sudden passion.
Bennie comes home and finds Artie has engaged in an aggravated sexual assault of his wife and sees his four year old daughter has been beaten severely and lies bleeding in the corner. He grabs Artie and strangles him, smashing his head against the floor repeatedly. He intends Artie should die and suffer in the doing. Artie is killed. His offense is ________.
Aggravated kidnapping requires ________.
an abduction and infliction of bodily injury.
Aggravated assault includes all but one. The exception is:
O A. causes serious bodily injury to a peace officer.
O B. causes serious bodily injury.
O C. uses a deadly weapon.
=>D threatens bodily injury. (Answer is D)
Artie causes the penetration of the anus of Janet, an adult female not his wife, without her consent. The penetration was with his genital organ. The offense is _________.
Artie takes a paint bucket and brush and paints vulgar words across 150 feet of Mr. Jone's fence. It costs Jones $500 to repair and paint the fence. The following is appropriate _________.
criminal mischief; class A misdemeanor.
Artie is hired to "torch" an old store which is insured and mortgaged. He uses flammable liquids to start the fire at night. A tramp is killed by smoke while asleep in an attached shed. The following is most applicable.
arson, felony of first degree.
A burglary is a felony of the first degree if ________.
the place is a habitation and a felony other than theft is intended.
Artie is a bum; dirty, vulgar and drunk. He is thrown out of a cafe and told not to return by the owner. Three hours later he staggers into the cafe. The offense is _________.
criminal trespass, because he was legally given notice.
During the course of committing theft, Artie knocks down a 37 year old man, causing large bruises on the hip and arms. Artie could be charged with:
A 68 year old man is confronted in a park by a suspect brandishing a lead pipe and is knocked to the ground suffering a concussion and a broken rib. This would be an aggravated robbery if___________________________.
the acts were committed in the course of committing theft.
Creating a false impression of law or fact, failing to correct a false impression, preventing another from acquiring information, failing to disclose an encumbrance, or promising performance not intended, and likely to affect judgment, is a reasonable definition of _______.
Artie takes possession of a diamond ring worth $1500 from the counter of Adams Jewelers. He accomplished this by switching the $1500 ring for a cheap imitation while ostensibly seeking a ring to purchase. Mr. Adams is right across the counter from Artie. The offense is:
theft, state jail felony.
Artie obtains his father's will from the safety deposit box at the bank the day after his father dies. It is the only copy of the will. Artie plans to consult an attorney regarding probate. As he hopes for a ton of cash, he steams the envelope and reads the will. His brother, Bennie, has been given more cash than he. Artie skillfully alters the "3" in the will to read "8", so that he receives $80,000 instead of $30,000. The offense is _________.
A person commits bribery if he intentionally or knowingly confers or accepts from another any benefit as consideration for a decision, opinion, vote or recommendation as a _______.
Artie is called as a witness in Bennie's robbery trial. He testifies that Bennie was with him at the time of the robbery, when he was not. His offense is ________.
You are on duty in uniform. You ask a person to identify himself. This act is required of the person if _______.
they are lawfully arrested.
To be convicted of resisting arrest or search, a person must ________.
know he is resisting an officer.
Evading arrest or detention involves elements which indicate the offense is complete ________.
when the actor intentionally flees a known officer who is attempting to arrest or detain him lawfully.
Artie is arrested for intentionally damaging a man's car. The repair will cost $250, a class B misdemeanor. Between the car and jail, Artie sees his chance and runs. It is correct that ________.
Artie's has committed a new class A misdemeanor.
If a person is a jailer, he can be prosecuted for permitting or facilitating escape. The requisite mental state is ________.
Disorderly conduct includes, in public, all the following, except ________.
kisses another of the same sex.
To be a riot there must be at least ________people assembled.
Compelling prostitution means to knowingly ________.
using force, threats or fraud to cause prostitution.
Offenses of sexual performance of a child and possession or promotion of child pornography involve production, promotion and possession of material depicting sexual performances and sexual conduct of persons younger than 18 years. An element not required is ________.
whether it is obscene.
Which is not a prohibited weapon?
shotgun barrel cut to 20 inches.
A bet is _________.
an agreement to win or lose a thing of value, solely or partially by chance.
Receiving or recording five or more bets in a 24-hour period, bets totaling $1,000 in 24-hour period, or a scheme by three or more persons to receive, record or forward bets is ________.
Every motor vehicle must have a horn able to be heard for a distance of at least:
Trailers, semitrailers, pole trailers or mobile homes must obtain a Motor Vehicle Inspection Certificate if the Gross weight is in excess of:
Misdemeanor penalties for violation of the Transportation Code are _______ unless otherwise stated:
$1.00 to $200.00
Child passenger safety seat systems must be used when:
Transporting a child less than 2 years of age in a passenger car
The fine for non use of a child passenger safety seat system is:
$100.00 to $200.00
Seat belts are required to be worn in:
Passenger vehicles equipped with belts
It is not necessary to take a person immediately before a Judge:
When detained for consumption of alcoholic beverage while driving
A police officer must give a person an opportunity to a promise to appear for:
A speeding violator who is a resident of Texas
The maximum speed for a school bus is:
50 M.P.H. on all Highways
The maximum speed in any urban district is:
Which of the following vehicles are exempt to the speed law when responding to emergency calls:
Physicians responding to emergency call
No person shall occupy a _____ while being moved upon a public street or highway:
Bicycle drivers shall not:
Cling to any other vehicle
Bicycles operated at night shall be equipped with:
White light on the front
The fines for disregarding barricades are:
$1 to $200
Headgear is required for motorcycle riders without insurance or driving training course:
Of all ages
To drive a single vehicle with a gross weight exceeding 26,000 pounds requires a minimum of a:
Class B license
To drive a two axle vehicle with a gross weight not exceeding 24,000 pounds towing a farm trailer with a gross weight of less than 20,000 pounds must have a minimum of a:
Class C license
With Drivers-Ed and passing the exam, a person may obtain an unrestricted Class C license at the minimum age of:
16 years old
The second offense for failing to display a drivers license within 1 year is:
$25.00 to $200.00
The fine for driving while a drivers license is under suspension is:
$100.00 to $500.00 and 72 hours to 6 months in county jail
A Buyers temporary cardboard tag is good for:
A Dealers temporary cardboard tag may be used for:
Demonstrations and road testing
Whenever the driver of a vehicle approaches an oncoming vehicle, he is required to dim his lights before coming within:
A civil judgment requires the party adjudged of a wrong to:
compensate in the form of money or returned possessions
All Writs and Processes must be styled:
State of Texas
Under Rule 106 an officer may serve a citation to:
any member of the defendants household over 16
The jurisdiction limit of Small Claims Court is ________ plus costs.
The Justice of the Peace Court has jurisdiction in cases involving:
liens on personal property
The County Court has jurisdiction in:
appeals from Justice Court
District Court has jurisdiction in:
Major types of civil process issued by courts in civil suits:
all of these apply:
O A. direct an officer to deliver a copy of the process to a person
O B. require an officer to seize certain property
O C. require the eviction of a party
A citation is a process issued by the court of jurisdiction notifying a person that:
All of these apply:
O A. he is a defendant in a civil suit
O B. a partition claim or demand has been filed against him
O C. he is required to respond to the court
An officers return as it applies to civil process must include ______________ in writing.
all of these apply:
O A. day and hour of receipt
O B. manner of service
O C. time and place of service
O D. the officers signature
In order for an officer to make an arrest of a Peace Bond violator, he must have:
A person violating a restraining order may be arrested by authority of:
Court ordered attachment
An officer is required under a Writ of Possession to:
remove the tenant and his possessions from the landlords premises
Hours of illegal consumption of an alcoholic beverage on Sunday are:
1:15 a.m. to 12:00 noon
In any county in this State not having a population of 300,000 or more, it shall be unlawful for any person to sell beer or offer for sale, without an on-premises late hours license, on any day other than Sunday:
between the hours of 12 midnight and 7 a.m.
An automobile on a public street may be search, by authority of the Alcoholic Beverage Code, without a warrant if the officer______.
has probable cause
A minor as defined in the Alcoholic Beverage Code is a person under ______ years of age.
An alcoholic beverage that is possessed, kept, or stored in violation of the Texas Alcoholic Beverage Code is:
an illicit beverage
Unless otherwise indicated, any alcoholic beverage containing more than four percent of alcoholic by weight is called:
A license may be lawfully suspended or cancelled if the licensee knowingly serves beer to someone who is:
A stimulant will generally excite the central nervous system, causing nervousness and promoting reckless behavior of the following, which is a stimulant?
Barbiturates are better known to the general public as:
All of these:
O A. sedatives
O B. sleeping pills
O C. tranquilizers
A bitter brownish addictive narcotic drug that is derived from the dried juice of the opium poppy is:
What is the most potent stimulant of natural origin?
What is the most common way of introducing powdered cocaine into the body?
Which of the following items of paraphernalia is normally associated with heroin use?
matches, spoon and syringe
What distinguishes a schedule I controlled substance from substances found in the other four schedules?
Schedule I drugs have no accepted medical use in treatment in the United States
Which of the following is not considered one of the five categories of drugs of abuse?
Which one of the following falls under the category of Delinquent Conduct in Section 51.03 of the Family Code?
violation of probation order by committing Theft of a Motor Vehicle
Which of the following is not considered a CINS offense under Section 51.03?
perjury by a child
What is the absolute limited time that a juvenile offender can be temporarily held in a juvenile processing office?
A child may be taken into custody:
for violation of a probation order
The document which is issued to the child in lieu of taking him into custody is called:
A person taking a child into custody must do one of the following:
take the subject to a detention facility designated by the juvenile court
Which of the following is required if a written statement or confession given by a child is to be admissible in court:
a magistrate's warning has been given
The offense of runaway or leaving home without parental consent falls under:
conduct indicating a need for supervision
One purpose of the Family Code is:
to try to rehabilitate the juvenile offender & protect the public
A child may only waive his rights to which he is granted if:
the waiver is voluntary
You have not received any training in stress counseling, debriefing, etc...What can you do for a co-worker who is involved in a critical incident?
offer such things as water and food, but avoid any emotional questions during the incident
Stress affects everyone in the same way.
An officer has been involved in a shooting incident. As his supervisor, what should you do immediately after the event to help lessen the effects of stress on the officer?
allow the officer a brief period to relax
How much do your personal problems (stressors) influence how stress at work will affect you?
The first to see an alcohol or drug problem is usually:
How stress will affect a person is dependent largely on:
the perception of the event by the person
Stress may be defined as:
a response to a perceived challenge or threat
The two types of stress are:
eustress and distress
In order for stress to occur, there must be:
a stressor and a response
The phase that is often the longest. Its severity depends on: (1) the individual's basic personality, (2) the nature of the event, (3) the reaction of the department, (4) the reaction of the community, and (5) the officer's support system.
The officer "gets over" the total preoccupation with the event. Accepts the fact that the event occurred and resumes a normal life. This phase can be reached sooner through professional counseling and is called the
Field notes are best defined as:
brief notations concerning specific events that are recorded while fresh in the officer's mind and used to prepare a report
Description of persons should include:
All of these:
O A. hair color
O B. race
O C. sex
O D. scars, marks or tattoos
You should describe an automobile by:
O A. make and color
O B. shape
O C. body style and license number
O D. monthly payments
=> E. a and c only (E is the answer)
Your field notebook should have your name and identification number on it:
In case it is lost
Sloppy notes can:
be an embarrassment in court if they are placed into evidence
When asking the question, "Why?" you are seeking the motive. This could be:
O A. monetary gain
O B. how entry was made
O C. revenge
O D. all of these
=> E. a and c only (E is the answer)
Non verbal communication is:
60% or more none verbal
There are many barriers to communications. When one sees and hears what they want based on their own needs, motivation, experience, background, and other personal characteristics is:
In order for the sender to know if the message was received, the sender must obtain feedback. The best way to ensure this is to use:
The term environment means (referring to communications)
a person's history
Linear communication is composed of five components, they are:
a sender, encoding, the message, decoding, and receiver
Transactional communication occurs when:
not simply sender then receiver, sender then receiver type of communication, but rather both individuals sending and receiving at the same time.
A/An ______ ______ victim may choose a pseudonym to be used instead of the victim's name to designate the victim in all public files and records concerning the offense, including police summary reports, press releases, and records of judicial proceedings.
The degree of influence the officer must exert over the violator to take him or her safely into custody is referred to as:
Which of the following is the most common type of resistance encountered by law enforcement officers?
In physical arrest, the police role is essentially:
Of the following statements concerning an officer's liability under the Civil Rights Act, the position of the federal government is that:
there is no good faith defense for criminal violations
That degree of influence the officer must exert over the violator to take him or her safely into custody is referred to as:
The lowest level of force in the Force Continuum is:
______ is the minimum amount of lawful aggression of sufficient to achieve a legitimate law enforcement objective.
In physical arrest, the police role is essentially:
Uncertainty is likely to result in compensating behavior. Compensating behavior may take which of the following forms?
O A. hesitation
O B. verbal abuse
O C. unnecessary force
=> D. all of the above
Which of the following is not a factor to be considered when assessing the need to use force?
race of suspect
_______is that degree of influence the officer must exert over the violator to take him or her safely into custody.
Force must be controlled and used wisely with a ________.
Informal organizational norms, which reflect law enforcement's informal culture, may or may not be ________ than legal or agency restrictions.
Individual choice or conscience reflects the __________ of the officer.
The arresting officer has better control of a prisoner:
if the prisoner is handcuffed with hands behind the back
The best approach for physically arresting a felony suspect is from the:
When confronting a suspect, you should always watch the:
It is usually not necessary to handcuff
Everyone should be handcuffed
When one officer is confronting two suspects, it is permissible to:
keep both suspects together facing you
Modern Police duty revolvers can be fired either__________ or _________ .
Single or double
The first principle of Safe Gun handling is _____________________
treat every gun as if it were loaded
Your status as a Police officer ________ you from the consequences of a careless mistake.
will not exempt
The person with a gun in his possession has a full time job. He/She __________________________________.
cannot guess, cannot forget, he/she must know.
It is okay to accept a weapon from your supervisor if the action or cylinder is _____?
unloaded and open
An officer should call the family of a deceased as soon as he/she hears of the death to insure that the family does not find out by some means.
A victim is killed in an accident. It is of little use to determine the details of the injuries before making a death notification.
It is best to be relaxed, empathetic, and personal during a notification of death, as opposed to official and formal.
Because of the nature of the information in death notification, it is best to circumvent the issue a little, letting the family come to the truth slowly.
It is best to tell the whole family of a deceased at one time so they can support each other.