fetishizes his own body, vestige of the body is worth it's weight in gold, metaphore for the bodied and disembodied nature, questions how a person consumes goods, takes what they consume and what we (our bodies) create from it-- shit, pee, energy to do other things, ext.
Artwork description & Analysis: Piero Manzoni began his artistic career as a self-taught painter. As his style evolved, he continually questioned traditional methods and interpretations of art. While Manzoni is not considered a true member of the Arte Povera group (more of a precursor), his work reflects the principles of the movement. Supposedly containing 30 grams of excrement, Manzoni's Artist's Shit reprises such famous avant-garde provocations as Marcel Duchamp's presentation of a urinal as a work of art, in Fountain (1917). Ninety cans were produced, canned and labeled in an identical manner, mocking the practices of mass production and consumption, and satirizing the reverence usually accorded to artist's work.
quality and condition of being a person, sexualist, individualist-- value of the individual or body (slaves vs. owner, immigrants, women, the mentally ill), sought to achieve equality--the fight for civil rights, women's suffrage, sought by artists--- push back from artists, engaging with the denial of their personhood (Yves Klein, Shigeko Kubota (Vagina Painting)-- painted with a brush that came out of her vagina.. imitation of menstrual cycle netween late 19 century and early 20 century----requires no context, individual, minimalism, emotional, existentialism, abstraction, flatness, self-conciousness, no focal point, no reognizable stuff, medium specificity, sincerity, drama, mterial, objective, autonomous, appropriation, individualism, art/culture in opposition, high brow/in the know, universal truth, isolating the artwork from the surroundings, modernism doesn't care about the individual experiencing it-- focuses on the universal truth in reaction from WWII, Vietnam war (media coverage showed violence and broken bodies, television trivialized these images of war, made them seems less than real--size of the screen/quality/repetition), personhood, rhizomatic (the art work dissipates and is carried out into the world), derivative, interdisciplinary, "style without a style", relies on meta-narrative and background into, bold political, out-there, repetition, dissolving the border between high and low culture, irony, humor, conceptual (less about the $$, what about Jeff Koons, Warol, Hirst, and most artists today who make serious amounts of money, ephemeral work--work that will not always be in existence ex. snowballs), subjective, dependent on context, appropriation/pastiche (parody), communal art and culture are parallel, low brow/kitsch, personal truth/individual story, personal narrative, the viewer is important and is relative (understanding that everyone has had different experiences so their reactions will be different too), unclearness between performance or documentation of performance makes it postmodern, intentional Carolee Schneemann--power to the vagina, agency of woman over her own body, body is inherently sexual and at the center of the work, challenged phallic imagery, liberated possibilities of the sexual female body, established her practice in opposition to the traditional representation of women merely as nude objects.
Yoko Ono- Fluxus, what do we choose to let pass, when do you become passive and let things happen to you and when do you take action and stop it? Cut Piece-- sat with a pair of scissors next to her on stage and left an open invitation for the audience to cut off her clothes, the audience slowly cut off all of her clothes, interaction and determination of where this piece goes belongs to the audience--documented only by film and photography, otherwise the audience members alone would have been able to experience this performance/conceptual art
Shigeko Kubota (vagina painting)---abject, grosser parts of womanhood, challenged the male viewers' perceptions of female identity, in the past, paintings and art forms man has painted women as objects of beauty and sexualization now they are being shown in an abject/humanist way
Pop Art (1950-1970) -- pop culture, parody, mass consumerism, blending of high and low culture (Liechtenstein, Warhol)
Minimalism (early 1960-late 1960) -- geometric, grid like, inustrial, related to human sized, abstract painting and sculpture that emphasize extreme simplification of form as by the use of basic shapes (Smith, Andre)
Conceptual Art (mid 1960- ) -- ideas behind the art is more important than materiality or aesthetic (Kosuth, Baldessari, Bochner, Cage, Oppenheim)
Performance Art (1960- ) -- nontraditional art form often with political or topical themes that typically feature a live presentation to an audience or onlooksers and draws on such arts as acting, poetry, music, dancing, or painting (Klein, Ono, Burden, Schneemann)
Postmodernism (1970s): any number of trends or movements in the arts and literature developing in the 1970s in reaction to or rejection of the dogma, principles or practices of established modernism, especially a movement in architecture and the decorative arts running counter to the practice and influence of the international style and encouraging the use of elements from historical vernacular styles and often playful illusion, decoration and complexity (Warhol, Oldenberg)
Goal of modern art: one medium, mono disciplinary, no overlap, sculpture to sculpture, painting to painting
Postmodernism: framed by concepts and forms. Formal definition. Form, color, shape, strip narrative. Abstract expressionism.
Modernism is about medium specificity post modernism is about using whatever medium best depicts your message
Modernism: one narrative, required no context according to some critics
Postmodernism: inclusive, many narratives, maintains integrity, context necessary for understanding of the work
interdisciplinary--postmodern; materials use meaning is fluid and flexible; the backstory is very important, metanarrative