3,405 terms

BARRONS SAT WORD LIST (1-50)

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abase
lower; humiliate
abash
embarrass
abate
subside; decrease, lessen
abbreviate
shorten
abdicate
renounce; give up
abduction
kidnapping
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
abet
aid
abhor
detest; hate
abject
wretched; lacking pride
abjure
renounce upon oath
abnegation
repudiation; self-sacrifice
abolish
cancel; put an end to
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant; very bad
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
abrade
wear away by friction; scrape; erode
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
abridge
condense or shorten
abscond
depart secretly and hide
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; certain
absolve
pardon (an offense)
absorb
assimilate or incorporate; such or drink up; wholly engage
abstain
refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
abstinence
restraint from eating or drinking
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
abundant
plentiful; possessing riches or resources
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
abut
border upon; adjoin
abysmal
bottomless
abyss
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
accede
agree
accelerate
move faster
accentuate
emphasize; stress
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
accessory
additional object; useful but not essential thing
acclaim
applaud; announce with great approval
acclimate
adjust to climate
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill
accolade
award of merit
accommodate
oblige to help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt
accomplice
partner in crime
accord
agreement
accost
approach and speak first to a person
accoutre
equip
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper
acetic
vinegary
acidulous
slightly sour; sharp, caustic
acknowledge
recognize; admit
acme
top; pinnacle
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy to hear in
acquiesce
assent; agree without protesting
acquire
obtain; get
acquittal
deliverance from a charge
acrid
sharp; bitterly pungent
acrimonious
bitter in words or manner
acrophobia
fear of heights
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
acuity
sharpness
acumen
mental keenness
acute
quickly perceptive; keen; brief and severe
adage
wise saying; proverb
adamant
hard; inflexible
adapt
alter; modify
addiction
compulsive, habitual need
addle
muddle; drive crazy; become rotten
address
direct a speech to; deal with or discuss
adept
expert at
adhere
stick fast
adherent
supporter; follower
adjacent
adjoining; neighboring; close by
adjunct
something added on or attached (generally nonessential or inferior)
admonition
warning
adorn
decorate
adroit
skillful
adulation
flattery; admiration
adulterate
make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
advent
arrival
adversary
opponent
adverse
unfavorable; hostile
adversity
unfavorable fortune; hardship; a calamitous event
advocacy
support; active pleading on something's behalf
advocate
urge; plead for
aerie
nest of a large bird of prey (eagle, hawk)
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciation of the beautiful
affable
easily approachable; warmly friendly
affected
artificial; pretended; assumed in order to impress
affidavit
written statement made under oath
affinity
kinship
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath
affix
fasten; attach; add on
affliction
state of distress; cause of suffering
affluence
abundance; wealth
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect
aftermath
consequences; outcome; upshot
agenda
items of business at a meeting
agent
means or instrument; personal representative; person acting in a official capacity
aggrandize
increase or intensify
aggregate
gather; accumulate
aggressor
attacker
aghast
horrified
agility
nimbleness
agitate
stir up; disturb
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
alacrity
cheerful promptness
alchemy
medieval chemistry
alcove
nook; small, recessed section of a room
alias
an assumed name
alienate
make hostile; separate
alimentary
supplying nourishment
alimony
payments made to an ex-spouse after divorce
allay
calm; pacify
allege
state without proof
allegiance
loyalty
allegory
story in which characters are used as symbols; fable
alleviate
relieve
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
allocate
assign
alloy
a mixture as of metals
alloy
mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
allude
refer indirectly
allure
entice; attract
allusion
indirect reference
aloft
upward
aloof
apart; reserved
altercation
noisy quarrel; heated dispute
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others
amalgamate
combine; unite in one body
amass
collect
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
ambience
environment; atmosphere
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
amble
moving at an easy pace
ambulatory
able to walk; not bedridden
ameliorate
improve
amenable
readily managed; willing to be led
amend
correct; change, generally for the better
amenities
convenient features; courtesies
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
amicable
politely friendly; not quarrelsome
amiss
wrong; faulty
amity
friendship
amnesia
loss of memory
amnesty
pardon
amoral
nonmoral
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats
ample
abundant
amplify
broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger
amputate
cut off part of body; prune
anachronistic
having an error involving time in a story
analogous
comparable
analogy
similarity; parallelism
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
ancestry
family descent
anchor
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place
anecdote
short account of an amusing or interesting event
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering
angular
sharp-cornered; stiff in manner
animated
lively; spirited
animosity
active enmity
animus
hostile feeling or intent
annals
records; history
annex
attach; take possession of
annihilate
destroy
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
annul
make void
anoint
consecrate
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
anomaly
irregularity
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness
anonymous
having no name
antagonism
hostility; active resistance
antecede
precede
antecedents
preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
anthem
song of praise or patriotism
anthology
book of literary selections by various authors
anthropocentric
regarding human beings as the center of the universe
anthropoid
manlike
anthropologist
a student of the history and science of mankind
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion
antidote
medicine to counteract a poison or disease
antipathy
aversion; dislike
antiquated
old-fashioned; obsolete
antiseptic
substance that prevents infection
antithesis
contrast; direct opposite of or to
apathy
lack of caring; indifference
ape
imitate or mimic
apex
tip; summit; climax
aphorism
pithy maxim
aplomb
poise; assurance
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations
apocryphal
untrue; made up
apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
appall
dismay; shock
apparatus
equipment
apparition
ghost; phantom
appease
pacify or soothe; relieve
appellation
name; title
append
attach
application
diligent attention
apposite
appropriate; fitting
appraise
estimate value of
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
apprehend
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive
apprehension
fear
apprenticeship
time spent as a novice learning a trade from a skilled worker
apprise
inform
approbation
approval
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use
apropos
with reference to; regarding
aptitude
fitness; talent
aquatic
pertaining to water
aquiline
curved, hooked
arable
fit for growing crops
arbiter
a person with power to decide a dispute; judge
arbitrary
capricious; randomly chosen; tyrannical
arbitrator
judge
arcade
a covered passageway, usually lined with shops
arcane
secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
archaic
antiquated
archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
archives
public records; place where public records are kept
ardent
intense; passionate; zealous
arduous
hard; strenuous
aria
operatic solo
arid
dry; barren
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class
aromatic
fragrant
arousal
awakening; provocation (of a response)
arraign
charge in court; indict
array
clothe; adorn
array
marshal; draw up in order
arrears
being in debt
arrest
stop or slow down; catch someone's attention
arrogance
pride; haughtiness
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
articulate
effective, distinct
artifact
object made by human beings, either handmade or mass-produced
artifice
deception; trickery
artisan
manually skilled worker; craftsman, as opposed to artist
artless
without guile; open and honest
ascendancy
controlling influence; domination
ascertain
find out for certain
ascetic
practicing self-denial; austere
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
ashen
ash-colored
asinine
stupid
askance
with a sideways or indirect look
askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
asperity
sharpness (of temper)
aspersion
slander; slur; derogatory remark
aspirant
seeker after position or status
aspire
seek to attain; long for
assail
assault
assay
analyze; evaluate
assent
agree; accept
assert
declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly
assessment
evaluation; judgment
assiduous
diligent
assimilate
absorb; cause to become homogeneous
assuage
ease or lessen (paint); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
assumption
something taken for granted; taking over or taking possession of
assurance
promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence
astral
relating to the stars
astringent
binding; causing contraction
astronomical
enormously large or extensive
astute
wise; shrewd; keen
asunder
into parts; apart
asylum
place of refuge or shelter; protection
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
atavism
reversion to an earlier type; throwback
atheistic
denying the existence of god
atlas
a bound volume of maps, charts, or tables
atone
make amends for; pay for
atrocity
brutal deed
atrophy
waste away
attain
achieve or accomplish; gain
attentive
alert and watchful; considerate; thoughtful
attenuate
make think; weaken
attest
testify, bear witness
attribute
ascribe; explain
attribute
essential quality
attrition
gradual decrease in numbers; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment
atypical
not normal
audacious
daring; bold
audit
examination of accounts
auditory
pertaining to the sense of hearing
augment
increase; add to
august
impressive; majestic
auspicious
favoring success
austere
forbiddingly stern; severely simple and unornamented
authenticate
confirm as genuine
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will
authoritative
having the weight of authority; peremptory and dictatorial
autocratic
having absolute, unchecked power; dictatorial
automaton
robot; person performing a task mechanically
autonomous
self-governing
autopsy
examination of a dead body; post-mortem
auxiliary
helper, additional or subsidiary
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
avarice
greediness for wealth
avenge
take vengeance for something (or on behalf of someone)
aver
assert confidently; affirm
averse
reluctant; disinclined
aversion
firm dislike
avert
prevent; turn away
avid
greedy; eager for
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
avow
declare openly
awe
solemn wonder
awry
crooked; wrong; amiss
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
azure
sky blue
babble
chatter idly
badger
pester; annoy
badinage
teasing conversation
baffle
frustrate; perplex
bait
harass; tease
baleful
deadly; having a malign influence; ominous
balk
foil or thwart; stop short; refuse to go on
ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight
balm
something that relieves pain
balmy
mild; fragrant
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality
bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; exchange (words) heatedly
bane
cause of ruin; curse
bantering
good-natured ridiculing
barb
sharp projection from fishhook, etc.; openly cutting remark
bard
poet
baroque
highly ornate
barrage
barrier laid down by artillery fire
barren
desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking
barricade
hastily put together defensive barrier; obstacle
barterer
trader
bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
bastion
fortress; defense
bate
let down; restrain
bauble
trinket; trifle
bawdy
indecent; obscene
beam
ray of light; long piece of metal or wood; course of a radio signal
beatific
giving bliss; blissful
beatitude
blessedness; state of bliss
bedraggle
wet thoroughly; stain with mud
beeline
direct, quick route
befuddle
confuse thoroughly
beget
father; produce; give rise to
begrudge
resent
beguile
mislead or delude; pass time
behemoth
huge creature; monstrous animal
belabor
explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; attack verbally
belated
delayed
beleaguer
besiege or attack; harassed
belie
contradict; give a false impression
belittle
disparage or depreciate; put down
bellicose
warlike
belligerent
quarrelsome
bemoan
lament; express disapproval of
bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
benediction
blessing
benefactor
gift giver; patron
beneficial
helpful; useful
beneficiary
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
benevolent
generous; charitable
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant
bent
determined; natural talent or inclination
bequeath
leave to someone by a will; hand down
berate
scold strongly
bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved
bereft
deprived of; lacking; desolate because of a loss
berserk
frenzied
beseech
beg; plead with
beset
harass or trouble; hem in
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests)
besmirch
soil, defile
bestial
beastlike; brutal
bestow
give
betoken
signify; indicate
betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly)
betroth
become engaged to marry
bevy
large group
biased
slanted; prejudiced
bicameral
two-chambered, as a legislative body
bicker
quarrel
biennial
every two years
bigotry
stubborn intolerance
bilious
suffering from indigestion; irritable
bilk
swindle; cheat
billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting
blanch
bleach; whiten
bland
soothing or mild; agreeable
blandishment
flatter
blare
loud, harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing
blasé
bored with pleasure or dissipation
blatant
flagrant; conspicuously obvious; loudly offensive
bleak
cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable
blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
blithe
gay; joyous; carefree
bloated
swollen or puffed as with water or air
bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon
bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff
bluff
rough but good-natured
blunder
error
blurt
utter impulsively
bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully
bode
foreshadow; portend
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic
bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
boisterous
violent; rough; noisy
bolster
support; reinforce
bolt
dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down
bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric
bombardment
attack with missiles
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
booming
deep and resonant; flourishing, thriving
boon
blessing; benefit
boorish
rude; insensitive
boundless
unlimited; vast
bountiful
abundant; graciously generous
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; dully conventional
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull
bowdlerize
expurgate
boycott
refrain from buying or using
braggart
boaster
brandish
wave around; flourish
bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance
brawn
muscular strength; sturdiness
brazen
insolent
breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap
breadth
width; extent
brevity
conciseness
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
brittle
easily broken; difficult
broach
introduce; open up
brochure
pamphlet
browbeat
bully; intimidate
browse
graze; skim or glance at casually
brunt
main impact or shock
brusque
blunt; abrupt
buccaneer
pirate
bucolic
rustic; pastoral
buffet
slap; batter; knock about
buffet
table with food set out for people to serve themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set out
buffoonery
clowning
bulwark
earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
bumptious
self-assertive
bungle
mismanage; blunder
buoyant
able to float; cheerful and optimistic
bureaucracy
over-regulated administrative system marked by red tape
burgeon
grow forth; send out buds
burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules
burly
husky; muscular
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
bustle
move about energetically; teem
buttress
support; prop up
buxom
plump; full-bosomed
cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
cache
hiding place
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious
cadaver
corpse
cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of wards or sounds); beat
cajole
coax; wheedle
calamity
disaster; misery
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
caldron
large kettle
caliber
ability; quality
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
callous
hardened; unfeeling
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
calorific
heat-producing
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
camaraderie
good-fellowship
cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
camouflage
disguise; conceal
candor
frankness; open honesty
canine
related to dogs; dog-like
canny
shrewd; thrifty
cant
insincere expressions of piety; jargon of thieves
cantankerous
ill humored; irritable
canter
slow gallop
canto
division of a long poem
canvass
determine votes, etc.
capacious
spacious
capacity
mental or physical ability role; ability to accommodate
capitulate
surrender
capricious
unpredictable; fickle; fanciful
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
captivate
charm or enthrall
cardinal
chief
careen
lurch; sway from side to side
caricature
exaggerated picture or description; distortion
carnage
destruction of life
carnal
fleshly
carnivorous
meat-eating
carping
finding fault
castigate
criticize severely; punish
casualty
serious or fatal accident
cataclysm
violent upheaval; deluge
catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
catapult
slingshot; a hurling machine
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality
catastrophe
calamity; disaster
catechism
book for religious instruction; instruction by question and answer
categorical
without exceptions; unqualified; absolute
cater to
supply something desired (whether good or bad)
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body
catholic
broadly sympathetic; liberal
caucus
private meeting of members of a party to select officers or determine policy
caulk
make watertight by filing in cracks
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship
caustic
burning; sarcastically biting
cavalcade
procession; parade
cavalier
offhand or casual; haughty
cavil
make frivolous objections
cede
yield (title, territory) to; surrender formally
celebrated
famous; well-known
celerity
speed; rapidity
celestial
heavenly; relating to the sky
celibate
unmarried; abstaining from sexual intercourse
censor
overseer of morals; person who reads to eliminate inappropriate remarks
censorious
critical
censure
blame; criticize
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
centripetal
tending toward the center
cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect
cerebration
thought
ceremonious
marked by formality
certitude
certainty
cessation
stoppage
cession
yielding to another; ceding
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore 9by rubbing)
chaff
worthless products of an endeavor
chaffing
bantering; joking
chagrin
vexation (caused by humiliation or injure pride); disappointment
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
champion
support militantly
chaotic
in utter disorder
charisma
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal of a political leader
charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge
chary
cautious; sparing or restrained about giving
chasm
abyss
chaste
pure; virginal; modest
chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct
chastise
punish
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
checkered
marked by changes in fortune
cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking
chicanery
trickery; deception
chide
scold
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; imaginative
chisel
swindle or cheat; cut with a chisel
chisel
wedgelike tool for cutting
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave
choleric
hot-tempered
choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
chronic
long established as a disease
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
churlish
boorish; rude
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing
cipher
secret code
circuitous
roundabout
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression
circumscribe
limit; confine
circumspect
prudent; cautious
circumvent
outwit; baffle
cite
quote; command
civil
having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller
clamber
climb by crawling
clamor
noise
clandestine
secret
clangor
loud, resounding noise
clasp
fastening device; firm grip
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to
cleft
split
clemency
disposition to be lenient; mildness, as of the weather
clench
close tightly; grasp
cliché
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition
clientele
body of customers
climactic
relating to the highest point
clime
region; climate
clip
section of filmed material
clique
small exclusive group
cloister
monastery or convent
clout
great influence (especially political or social)
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental
clump
cluster or close group (of bushes, trees); mass; sound of heavy treading
coagulate
thicken; congeal; clot
coalesce
combine; fuse
coalition
partnership; league; union
coddle
to treat gently
codify
arrange (laws, rules) as a code; classify
coercion
use of force to get someone to obey
cogent
convincing
cogitate
think over
cognate
related linguistically: allied by blood: similar or akin in nature
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving; related to the mental processes
cognizance
knowledge
cohere
stick together
cohesion
tendency to keep together
coiffure
hairstyle
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate
coincidence
two or more things occurring at the same time by chance
collaborate
work together
collage
work of art put together from fragments
collate
examine in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order
collatreal
security given for loan
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme
colossal
huge
comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
combustible
easily burned
comely
attractive; agreeable
comeuppance
rebuke; deserts
commandeer
to draft for military purposes; to take for public use
commemorate
honor the memory of
commensurate
equal in extent
commiserate
feel or express pity or sympathy for
commodious
spacious and comfortable
communal
held in common; of a group of people
compact
agreement; contract
compact
tightly packed; firm; brief
comparable
similar
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect
compensatory
making up for; repaying
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness
complaisant
trying to please; obliging
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect
complementary
serving to complete something
compliance
readiness to yield; conformity in fulfilling requirements
compliant
yielding
complicity
participation; involvement
component
element; ingredient
composure
mental calmness
compound
combine; constitute; pay interest; increase
comprehensive
thorough; inclusive
compress
close; squeeze; contract
comprise
include; consist of
compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of
compunction
remorse
compute
reckon; calculate
concave
hollow
concede
admit; yield
conceit
vanity or self-love; whimsical idea; extravagant metaphor
concentric
having a common center
conception
beginning; forming of an idea
concerted
mutually agreed on; done together
concession
the act of yielding
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing
concise
brief and compact
conclusive
decisive
concoct
prepare by combining; make up in concert
concomitant
that which accompanies
concord
harmony; agreement between people or things
concur
agree
concurrent
happening at the same time
condemn
censure; sentence; force or limit to a particular state
condense
make more compact or dense; shorten or abridge; reduce into a denser form
condescend
act conscious of descending to a lower level; patronize
condiments
seasonings; spices
condole
express sympathetic sorrow
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
conducive
contributive; tending to
confidant
trusted friend
confine
shut in; restrict
confirm
corroborate; verify; support
confiscate
seize; commandeer
conflagration
great fire
confluence
flowing together; crowd
conformity
harmony; agreement
confound
confuse; puzzle
confrontation
act of facing someone or something; encounter, often hostile
congeal
freeze; coagulate
congenial
pleasant; friendly
congential
existing at birth
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
congruent
in agreement; corresponding
conjecture
surmise; guess
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
conjure
summon a devil; practice magic; imagine or invent
connivance
assistance; pretense of ignorance of something wrong; permission to offend
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge or art, etc.; a lover of an art
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
conscientious
scrupulous; careful
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify
consensus
general agreement
consequential
pompous; important; self-important
conservatory
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama)
consistency
absence of contradictions; dependability; uniformity; degree of thickness
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort
consolidation
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger
consonance
harmony; agreement
consort
associate with
consort
husband or wife
conspicuous
easily seen; noticeable; striking
conspiracy
treacherous plot
constituent
supporter
constraint
compulsion; repression of feelings
construe
explain; interpret
consummate
complete
contagion
infection
contaminate
pollute
contemporary
person belonging to the same period
contempt
scorn; disdain
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly
contention
claim; thesis
contentious
quarrelsome
contest
dispute
context
writings preceding and following the passage quoted
contiguous
adjacent to; touching upon
continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity
contingent
dependent on; conditional
contingent
group that makes up part of a gathering
contortions
twistings; distortions
contraband
illegal trade; smuggling
contract
compress or shrink; make a pledge; catch a disease
contravene
contradict; oppose; infringe on or transgress
contrite
penitent
contrived
forced; artificial; not spontaneous
controvert
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict
conundrum
riddle
convene
assemble
convention
social or moral custom; established practice
conventional
ordinary; typical
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
conversant
familiar with
converse
chat; talk informally
converse
opposite
convert
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion
convex
curving outward
conveyance
vehicle; transfer
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
convival
festive; gay; characterized by joviality
convoke
call together
convoluted
coiled around; involved; intricate
copious
plentiful
coquette
flirt
cordial
gracious; heartfelt
cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress
cornucopia
horn overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance
corollary
consequence; accompaniment
coronation
ceremony of crowning a queen or king
corporeal
bodily; material
corpulent
very fat
correlation
mutual relationship
corroborate
confirm; support
corrode
destroy by chemical action
corrosive
eating away by chemicals or disease
corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
cosign
deliver officially; entrust; set apart
cosmic
pertaining to the universe; vast
cosmopolitan
sophisticated
coterie
group that meets socially; select circle
countenance
approve; tolerate
countenance
face
countermand
cancel; revoke
counterpart
a thing that completes another; things very much alike
coup
highly successful action or sudden attack
couple
join; unite
courier
messenger
covenant
agreement
covert
secret; hidden; implied
covetous
avaricious; eagerly desirous of
cow
terrorize; intimidate
cower
shrink quivering, as from fear
coy
shy; modest; coquettish
cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
crabbed
sour; peevish
craftiness
slyness; trickiness
crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible
craven
cowardly
credence
belief
credibility
believability
credo
creed
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naiveté
creed
system of religious or ethical belief
crescendo
increase in the volume or intensity, as in musical passage; climax
crest
highest point of a hill; foamy top of a wave
crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
cringe
shrink back, as if in fear
criterion
standard used in judging
crop
cut off unwanted parts of a photograph; graze
crotchety
eccentric; whimsical
crux
crucial point
crypt
secret recess or vault, usually used for burial
cryptic
mysterious; hidden; secret
cubicle
small compartment partitioned off; small bed-chamber
cuisine
style of cooking
culinary
relating to cooking
cull
pick out; reject
culminate
attain the highest point; climax
culpable
deserving blame
cumbersome
heavy; hard to manage
cumulative
growing by addition
cupidity
greed
curator
superintendent; manager
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual
cursive
flowing, running
cursory
casual; hastily done
curtail
shorten; reduce
cynical
skeptical or distrustful of human motives
cynosure
the object of general attention
dabble
work at in a non-serious fashion; splash around
dais
raised platform for guests of honor
dank
damp
dapper
neat and trim
dappled
spotted
daub
smear (as with paint)
daunt
intimidate; frighten
dauntless
bold
dawdle
loiter; waste time
deadlock
standstill; stalemate
deadpan
wooden; impersonal
dearth
scarcity
debacle
sudden downfall; complete disaster
debase
reduce in quality or value; lower in esteem; degrade
debauch
corrupt; seduce from virtue
debilitate
weaken; enfeeble
debonair
friendly; aiming to please
debris
rubble
debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc; ridicule
debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
decadence
decay
decapitate
behead
decelerate
slow down
deciduous
falling off as of leaves
decimate
kill, usually one out of ten
decipher
interpret secret code
declivity
downward slope
decollete
having a low-necked dress
decomposition
decay
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners
decoy
lure or bait
decrepit
worm out by age
decry
express strong disapproval of; disparage
deducible
drived by reasoning
deface
mar; disfigure
defame
harm someone's reputation; malign; slander
default
failure to act
defeatist
attitude of one who is ready to accept defeat as a natural outcome
defection
desertion
defer
delay till later; exempt temporarily
defer
give in respectfully; submit
deference
courteous regard for another's wish
defiance
refusal to yield; resistance
defile
pollute; profane
definitive
final; complete
deflect
turn aside
defray
pay the costs of
deft
neat; skillful
defunct
dead; no longer in use or existence
defuse
remove the fuse of a bomb; reduce or eliminate a threat
degenerate
become worse; deteriorate
degradation
humiliation; debasement; degeneration
dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
deify
turn into a god; idolize
deign
condescend; stoop
delectable
delightful; delicious
deleterious
harmful
deliberate
consider; ponder
delineate
portray; depict; sketch
delirium
mental disorder marked by confusion
delte
erase; strike out
delude
deceive
deluge
flood; rush
delusion
false belief; hallucination
delve
dig; investigate
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice
demean
degrade; humiliate
demeanor
behavior; bearing
demented
insane
demise
death
demolition
destruction
demoniac
fiendish
demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); hesitate
demure
grave; serious; coy
demystify
clarify; free from mystery or obscurity
denigrate
blacken
denizen
inhabitant or resident; regular visitor
denotation
meaning; distinguishing by name
denouement
outcome; final development of the plot of a play
denounce
condemn; criticize
depict
portray
deplete
reduce; exhaust
deplore
regret; disapprove of
deploy
spread out [troops] in an extended though shallow battle line
depose
dethrone; remove from office
deposition
testimony under oath
depravity
extreme corruption; wickedness
deprecate
express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
depreciate
lessen in value
depredation
plundering
derange
make insane; disarrange
derelict
abandoned; negligent
deride
ridicule; make fun of
derivative
unoriginal; derived from another source
derogatory
expressing a low opinion
descant
discuss fully
descry
catch sight of
desecrate
profane; violate the sanctity of
desiccate
dry up
desolate
rob of joy; lay waste to; forsake
desolate
unpopulated
despise
look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful
despoil
strip of valuables; rob
despondent
depressed; gloomy
despot
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler
destitute
extremely poor
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
detached
emotionally removed; calm and objective; physically unconnected
detergent
cleansing agent
determination
resolve; measurement or calculation; decision
deterrent
something that discourages; hindrance
detraction
slandering; aspersion
detrimental
harmful; damaging
deviate
turn away from (a principle, norm); depart; diverge
devious
roundabout; erratic; not straightforward
devise
think up; invent; plan
devoid
lacking
devotee
enthusiastic follower
devout
pious
dexterous
skillful
diabolical
devilish
diagnosis
art of identifying a disease; analysis of a condition
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal
diaphanous
sheer; transparent
diatribe
bitter scolding; invective
dichotomy
split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement; saying; maxim
didactic
teaching; instructional
differentiate
distinguish; perceive a difference between
diffidence
shyness
diffuse
wordy; rambling; spread out (like a gas)
digression
wandering away from the subject
dilapidated
ruined because of neglect
dilate
expand
dilatory
delaying
dilemma
problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
dilettante
aimless follower of the arts; amateur; dabbler
diligence
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
dilute
make less concentrated; reduce in strength
diminution
lessening; reduction in size
din
continued loud noise
dingy
dull; not fresh; cheerless
dint
means; effort
dire
disastrous
dirge
lament with music
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive
disaffected
disloyal
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
disarray
a disorderly or untidy state
disavowal
denial; disclaiming
disband
dissolve; disperse
disburse
pay out
discernible
distinguishable; perceivable
discerning
mentally quick and observant; having insight
disclaim
disown; renounce claim to
disclose
reveal
discombobulated
confused; discomposed
discomfit
put to rout; defeat; disconcert
discomposure
agitation; loss of poise
disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass
disconsolate
sad
discord
conflict; lack of harmony
discordant
not harmonious; conflicting
discount
disregard; dismiss
discourse
formal discussion; conversation
discredit
defame; destroy confidence in; conversation
discrepancy
lack of consistency; difference
discrete
separate; unconnected
discretion
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances
discriminating
able to see differences; prejudiced
discursive
digressing; rambling
disdain
view with scorn or contempt
disembark
go ashore; unload cargo from a ship
disenfranchise
deprive of a civil right
disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect
disfigure
mar in beauty; spoil
disgorge
surrender something; eject; vomit
disgruntle
make discontented
dishearten
discourage; cause to lose courage or hope
disheveled
untidy
disinclination
unwillingness
disingenuous
lacking genuine candor; insincere
disinter
dig up; unearth
disinterested
unprejudiced
disjointed
disconnected
dislodge
remove (forcibly)
dismantle
take apart
dismay
discourage; frighten
dismember
cut into small parts
dismiss
put away from consideration; reject
disparage
belittle
disparate
basically different; unrelated
disparity
difference; condition of inequality
dispassionate
calm; impartial
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed
dispel
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
disperse
scatter
dispirited
lacking in spirit
disputatious
argumentative; fond of arguing
disquite
make uneasy or anxious
dissection
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
dissemble
disguise; pretend
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
dissent
disagree
dissertation
formal essay
dissident
dissenting; rebellious
dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning
dissipate
squander; waste; scatter
dissolute
loose in morals
dissolution
breaking of a union; decay; termination
dissonance
discord
dissuade
persuade not to do; discourage
distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner
distend
expand; swell out
distill
extract the essence; purify; refine
distinction
honor; contrast; discrimination
distort
twist out of shape
distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety
diurnal
daily
diva
operatic singer; prima donna
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point
divergent
differing; deviating
diverse
differing in some characteristics; various
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime
diversity
variety; dissimilitude
divest
strip; deprive
divine
perceive intuitively; foresee the future
divulge
reveal
docile
obedient; easily managed
doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding
doctrine
teachings, in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught
document
provide written evidence
dogged
determined; stubborn
doggerel
poor verse
dogmatic
opinionated; arbitrary; doctrinal
doldrums
blues; listlessness; slack period
doleful
sorrowful
dolt
stupid person
domicile
home
domineer
rule over tyrannically
don
put on
doodle
scribble or draw aimlessly; waste time
dormant
sleeping; lethargic; latent
dossier
file of documents of a subject
dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
douse
plunge into water; drench; extinguish
dowdy
slovenly; untidy
downcast
disheartened; sad
drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless
draconian
extremely severe
dregs
sediment; worthless residue
drivel
nonsense; foolishness
droll
queer and amusing
drone
idle person; male bee
drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee
dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
drudgery
menial work
dubious
questionable; filled with doubt
ductile
malleable; flexible; pliable
dulcet
sweet sounding
dumbfound
astonish
dupe
someone easily fooled
duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy
duration
length of time something lasts
duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully
dutiful
respectful; obedient
dwarf
cause to seem small
dwindle
shrink; reduce
dynamic
energetic; vigorously active
earthly
unrefined; coarse
ebb
recede; lessen
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm
eccentric
irregular; odd; whimsical; bizzare
eccentricity
oddity; idiosyncrasy
ecclesiastic
pertaining to the church
eclectic
composed of elements drawn from disparate sources
eclipse
darken; extinguish; surpass
ecologist
a person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment
economy
efficiency of conciseness in using something
ecstasy
rapture; joy; any overpowering emotion
edict
decree (especially issued by a sovereign); official command
edify
instruct; correct morally
eerie
weird
efface
rub out
effectual
able to produce a desire effect; valid
effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation
effete
lacking vigor; worn out; sterile
efficacy
power to produce desired effect
effrontery
shameless boldness
effusive
pouring forth; gushing
egoism
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others
egotistical
excessively self-centered; self-important; conceited
egregious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
egress
exit
ejaculation
exclamation
elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
elated
overjoyed; in high spirits
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation
elicit
draw out by discussion
elixir
cure-all; something invigorating
ellipsis
omission of words from a text
elliptical
oval; ambiguous, either purposely or because key words have been left out
eloquence
expressiveness; persuasive speech
elucidate
explain; enlighten
elusive
evasive; baffling; hard to grasp
emaciated
thing and wasted
emanate
issue forth
emancipate
set free
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
embark
commence; go on board a boat or airplane; begin a journey
embed
enclose; place in something
embellish
adorn; ornament
embezzlement
stealing
embody
personify; make concrete; incorporate
embrace
hug; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament with fancy or fictitious details
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife; entangle
embryonic
undeveloped; rudimentary
emend
correct; correct by a critic
emendation
correction or errors; improvement
eminent
high; lofty
emissary
agent; messenger
empathy
ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.
empirical
based on experience
emulate
imitate; rival
enamored
in love
encipher
encode; convert a message into code
enclave
territory enclosed within an alien land
encomium
high praise; eulogy
encompass
surround
encroachment
gradual intrusion
encumber
burden
endearment
fond statement
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country
endorse
approve; support
enduring
lasting; surviving
energize
invigorate; make forceful and active
enervate
weaken
enfranchise
to admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote)
engage
attract; hire; pledge oneself; confront
engaging
charming; attractive
engender
cause; produce
engross
occupy fully
enhance
increase; improve
enigma
puzzle; mystery
enmity
ill will; hatred
ennui
boredom
enormity
hugeness (in a bad sense)
enrapture
please intensely
ensconce
settle comfortably
ensemble
group of (supporting) players; organic unity; costume
entail
require; necessitate; involve
enterprising
full of initiative
enthrall
capture; enslave
entice
lure; attract; tempt
entitlement
right to claim something; right to benefits
entity
real being
entourage
group of attendants; retinue
entrance
put under a spell; carry away with emotion
entreat
plead; ask earnestly
entrepreneur
businessman; contractor
enumerate
list; mention one by one
enunciate
speak distinctly
eon
long period of time; an age
ephemeral
short-lived; fleeting
epic
long heroic poem, or similar work of art
epicure
connoisseur of food and drink
epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
epilogue
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
episodic
loosely connected; divided into incidents
epistolary
consisting of letters
epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person
epithet
word of phrase characteristically used to describe a person a thing
epitome
perfect example or embodiment
epoch
period of time
equable
tranquil; steady; uniform
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
equilibrium
balance
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of Spring and Autumn
equitable
fair; impartial
equity
fairness; justice
equivocal
ambiguous; intentionally misleading
equivocate
lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth
erode
eat away
erotic
arousing sexual desire; pertaining to sexual love
erratic
odd; unpredictable
erudite
learned; scholarly
escapade
prank; flighty conduct
escapism
avoiding reality by diverting oneself with amusements
eschew
avoid
esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few
espionage
spying
espouse
adopt; support
esteem
respect; value
estranged
separated; alienated
ethereal
light; heavenly; unusually refined
ethnic
relating to races
ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.
etymology
study of word parts
eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one
euphonious
pleasing in sound
euphoria
feeling of great happiness and well-being (sometimes exaggerated)
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing
evasive
not frank; eluding
evenhanded
impartial; fair
evince
show clearly
evocative
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
exacerbate
worsen; embitter
exacting
extremely demanding
exalt
raise in rank or dignity; praise
exasperate
vex
exceptionable
objectionable
excerpt
selected passage (written or musical)
excise
cut away; cut out
exclaim
cry out suddenly
excoriate
scold with biting harshness; strip the skin off
exculpate
clear from blame
execrable
very bad
execute
put into effect; carry out
exegesis
explanation; interpretation, especially of a biblical text
exemplary
serving as a model; outstanding
exemplify
serve as an example of; embody
exempt
not subject to a duty, obligation
exertion
effort; expenditure of much physical work
exhaustive
thorough; comprehensive
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering
exhort
urge
exhume
dig out of the ground; remove from the grave
exigency
urgent situation
exodus
departure
exonerate
acquit; exculpate
exorbitant
excessive
exorcise
drive out evil spirits
exotic
not native; strange
expansive
outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
expatriate
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land
expedient
suitable; practical; politic
expedite
hasten
expenditure
payment or expense; output
expertise
specialized knowledge; expert skill
expiate
make amends for (a sin)
expletive
interjection; profane oath
explicate
explain; interpret; clarify
explicit
totally clear; definite; outspoken
exploit
deed or action, particularly a brave deed
exploit
make use of, sometimes unjustly
expository
explanatory; serving to explain
exposure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open
expropriate
take possession of
expunge
cancel; remove
expurgate
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
extant
still in existence
extent
degree; magnitude; scope
extenuate
weaken; mitigate
extol
praise; glorify
extort
wring from; get money by threats, etc.
extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another
extraneous
not essential; superfluous
extrapolation
projection; conjecture
extricate
free; disentangle
extrinsic
external; not essential; extraneous
extrovert
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
extrude
force or push out
exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness
exude
discharge; give forth
exult
rejoice
fabricate
build; lie
facade
front (of building); superficial or false appearance
facet
small plane surface (of a gem); a side
facetious
joking (often inappropriately); humorous
facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial
facilitate
help bring about; make less difficult
facsimile
copy
faction
party; clique; dissension
faculty
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
fallacious
false; misleading
fallible
liable to err
fallow
plowed but not sowed; uncultivated
falter
hesitate
fanaticism
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause
fancy
notion; whim; inclination
fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets
farce
broad comedy; mockery
fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish
fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces
fathom
comprehend; investigate
fatuous
foolish; inane
fauna
animals of a period or region
fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering
faze
disconcert; dismay
feasible
practical
fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness
feign
pretend
feint
trick; shift; sham blow
felicitous
apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.)
fell
cruel; deadly
fell
cut or knock down; bring down (with a missile)
felon
person convicted of a grave crime
feral
not domestic; wild
ferment
agitation; commotion
ferret
drive or hunt out of hiding
fervent
ardent; hot
fervid
ardent
fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling
fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment
festive
joyous; celebratory
fetid
malodorous
fetter
shackle
fiasco
total failure
fickle
changeable; faithless
fictitious
imaginary
fidelity
loyalty
figment
invention; imaginary thing
figurative
not literal, but metaphorical; using a figure of speech
filament
fine thread or fiber; threadlike structure within a lightbulb
filch
steal
filial
pertaining to a son or daughter
filibuster
to block legislation by making long speeches
finale
conclusion
finesse
delicate skill
finicky
too particular; fussy
firebrand
hothead; troublemaker
fissure
crevice
fitful
spasmodic; intermittent
flabbergasted
astounded; astonished; overcome with surprise
flaccid
flabby
flag
droop; grow feeble
flagrant
conspicuously wicked; blatant; outrageous
flair
talent
flamboyant
ornate
flaunt
display ostentatiously
fleck
spot
fledgling
inexperienced
fleece
rob; plunder
fleece
wool coat of a sheep
flick
light stroke as with a whip
flinch
hesitate, shrink
flippant
lacking proper seriousness
flit
fly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by
flora
plants of a region or era
florid
ruddy; reddish; flowery
flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter
flourish
grow well; prosper; decorate with ornaments
flout
reject; mock
fluctuate
waver; shift
fluency
smoothness of speech
fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune
fluster
confuse
flux
flowing; series of changes
fodder
coarse of food for cattle, horses, etc.
foible
weakness; slight fault
foil
contrast
foil
defeat; frustrate
foment
stir up; instigate
foolhardy
rash
fop
dandy; man excessively concerned with his clothes
forbearance
patience
forebears
ancestors
foreboding
premonition of evil
forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law
foreshadow
give an indication beforehand; portend; prefigure
foresight
ability to foresee future happenings; prudence
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
forgo
give up; do without
forlorn
sad and lonely; wretched
formality
ceremonious quality; something done just for form's sake
formidable
inspiring fear or apprehension; difficult; awe-inspiring
forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
forswear
renounce; abandon
forte
strong point or special talent
forthright
outspoken; straightforward; frank
fortitude
bravery; courage
fortuitous
accidental; by chance
forum
place of assembly to discuss public concerns; meeting for discussion
foster
rear; encourage
founder
fail completely; sink
founder
person who establishes (an oraganization, business)
fracas
brawl, melee
fractious
unruly; disobedient; irritable
frail
weak
franchise
right granted by authority; right to vote; business licensed to sell a product in a particular territory
frantic
wild
fraternize
associate in a friendly way
fraudulent
cheating; deceitful
fraught
filled
fray
brawl
frenetic
frenzied; frantic
frenzied
madly excited
fret
to be annoyed or vexed
friction
clash in opinion; rubbing against
frigid
intensely cold
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; self-indulgently carefree; relatively unimportant
frolicsome
prankish; gay
frugality
thrift; economy
fruition
bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization
frustrate
thwart; defeat
fugitive
fleeting or transitory; roving
fulcrum
support on which a lever rests
fulsome
disgustingly excessive
fundamental
basic; primary; essential
furlough
leave of absence; vacation granted a soldier or civil servant
furor
frenzy; great excitement
furtive
stealthy; sneaky
fusion
union; blending; synthesis
futile
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
gadfly
animal-biting fly; an irritating person
gaffe
social blunder
gainsay
deny
gait
manner of walking or running; speed
galaxy
large, isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; any collection of brilliant personalities
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughter, tears)
gall
annoy; chafe
gall
bitterness; nerve
galvanize
stimulate by shock; stir up; revitalize
gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed
gambol
skip; leap playfully
gamely
bravely; with spirit
gamut
entire range
gape
open widely; stare open-mouthed
garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted
gargantuan
huge; enormous
garish
over-brighted in color; gaudy
garner
gather; store up
garnish
decorate
garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative
gauche
clumsy; coarse and uncouth
gaudy
flashy; showy
gaunt
lean and angular; barren
gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet
gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
genealogy
record of descent; lineage
generality
vague statement
generate
cause; produce; create
generic
characteristic of an entire class or species
genesis
beginning; origin
geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy
genre
particular variety of art or literature
genteel
well-bred; elegant
gentility
those of gentle birth; refinement
gentry
people of standing; class of people just below nobility
germane
pertinent; bearing upon the case at hand
germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative
germinate
cause to sprout; sprout
gesticulation
motion; gesture
ghastly
horrible
gibberish
nonsense; babbling
gibe
mock; taunt; scoff at
gingerly
very carefully
girth
distance around something; circumference
gist
essence
glacial
like a glacier; extremely cold
glaring
highly conspicuous; harshly bright
glaze
cover with a think and shiny surface
glib
fluent; facile; slick
glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle
gloat
express evil satisfaction; view malevolently
gloss over
explain away
glossary
brief explanation of words used in the text
glossy
smooth and shining
glower
scowl
glut
overstock; fill to excess
glutton
someone who eats too much
gnarled
twisted
gnome
dwarf; underground spirit
goad
urge on; spur; incite
gorge
small, steep-walled canyon
gorge
stuff oneself
gory
bloody
gouge
tear out
gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink
graduated
arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)
graft
piece of transplanted tissue; portion of plant inserted in another plant
grandeur
impressiveness; stateliness; majesty
grandiloquent
pompous; bombastic; using high-sounding language
grandiose
pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive
granulate
form into grains
graphic
pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described
grapple
wrestle; come to grips with
grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred
gratify
please
gratis
free
gratuitous
given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for
gravity
seriousness
gregarious
sociable
grievance
cause of complaint
grill
question severely
grimace
a facial distortion to show feeling asuch as pain, disgust, etc.
grisly
ghastly
grotesque
fantastic; comically hideous
grouse
complain; fuss
grovel
crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate
grudging
unwilling; reluctant; stingy
gruel
liquid food made by boiling oatmeal, etc., in milk or water
grueling
exhausting
gruesome
grisly; horrible
gruff
rough-mannered
gruile
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning
guileless
without deceit
guise
appearance; costume
gullible
easily deceived
gustatory
affecting the sense of taste
gusto
enjoyment; enthusiasm
gusty
windy
hackneyed
commonplace; trite
haggard
wasted away; gaunt
haggle
argue about prices
hallowed
blessed; consecrated
hallucination
delusion
halting
hesitant; faltering
hamper
obstruct
haphazard
random; unsystematic; aimless
harangue
noisy speech
harass
to annoy by repeated attacks
harbinger
forerunner
harbor
provide a refuge for; hide
hardy
sturdy; robust; able to stand inclement weather
harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic
haughtiness
pride; arrogance
hazardous
dangerous
hazy
slightly obscure
headlong
hasty; rash
headstrong
stubborn; willful; unyielding
heckler
person who harasses others
hedonist
one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life
heed
pay attention to consider
heedless
not noticing; disregarding
heinous
atrocious; hatefully bad
herbivorous
grain-eating
heresy
opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion
hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight
hermitage
home of a hermit
heterodox
unorthodox; unconventional
heterogeneous
dissimilar; mixed
heyday
time of greatest success; prime
hiatus
gap; interruption in duration or continuity; pause
hibernal
wintry
hibernate
sleep throughout the winter
hidrance
block; obstacle
hierarchy
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks
hilarity
biosterous mirth
histrionic
theatrical
hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use
hoary
white with age
hoax
trick; deception; fraud
hodgepodge
jumble; mixture of ill-suited elements
homage
honor; tribute
homogeneous
of the same kind
hone
sharpen
hoodwink
deceive; delude
horde
crowd
horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens
host
great number; person entertaining guests; animal or plant from which a parasite gets its nourishment
hostility
unfriendliness; hatred
hovel
shack; small, wretched house
hover
hang about; wait nearby
hue
color; aspect
hulking
massive; bulky; great in size
humane
marked by kindness or consideration
humdrum
dull; monotonous
humid
damp
humility
humbleness of spirit
hurtle
crash; rush
husband
use sparingly; conserve; save
hybrid
mongrel; mixed breed
hydrophobia
rabies; fear of water
hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement
hypercritical
excessively exacting
hypochondriac
person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness
hypocritical
pretending to be virtuous; deceiving
hypothetical
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed
icon
religious image; idol
iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions
ideology
system of ideas of a group
idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style
idiosyncrasy
individual trait, usually odd in nature; eccentricity
idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration
ignite
kindle; light
ignoble
unworthy; base in nature; not noble
ignominy
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor
illicit
illegal
illimitable
infinite
illuminate
brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten
illusion
misleading vision
illusory
deceptive; not real
imbalance
lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion