30 terms

World History; The Human Experience, Chpt 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Paleolithic period
The Old Stone Age
prehistory
period of time before the development of writing
Neolithic period
about 8000 B.C. to 5000 B.C.
cultural diffusion
exchange of goods and ideas between peoples
paleontologist
studies fossil remains to learn aout prehistory
alloys
metal mixtures used to create improved tools and weapons
Sumerians
The culture that developed in the the Tigris-Euphrates valley that created the first cities and the first civilization
Homo habilis
oldest hominids known to manufacture tools
Cro-Magnons
earliest Homo sapiens sapiens
hominids
all humans and humanlike creatures
Tigris-Euphrates valley
site of the earliest cities yet discovered
eastern and southern Africa
home of the earliest humans
archaeologists
they study objects left behind by prehistoric people
nomads
wanderers, not settled down
Homo erectus
lived from 1.8 million to 30,000 years ago
Lascaux and Vllon-Pont-d'Arc
sites of Cro-Magnon cave paintings
Homo sapiens sapiens
people living today
Beringia
land bridge bewtween Siberia and Alaska
pictograms
marks and pictures representing products
Priests
This group probably developed writing for record keeping
Australpitecus
they existed 4.4 million years ago
specialization
process by which people become more poroficient at earning a living by performing a single task
Neolithic
the lom and textile weaving were invented during the ...
Neanderthals
interbred with with Homo sapiens sapiens, type of Homo sapiens; lived from 100,000 BC to 30,000 BC; made tools and animal skin clothes; first people to bury the dead
stone tools
stone tools, Found near Homo habilis and used by humans at least 2.5 million years ago
Neolithic Revolution
Agricultural Revolution, the shift from hunting of animals and gathering of food to the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis around 8,000 BC
Australiopithecus
first bipedal, earliest group of hominids; scavanged food
Creation myths
tell how the world and human life came into existence.
river valley civilizations
from 3500 to 2000 BCE, river systems in the Middle East, India, and China gave birth to these
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced