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Core Public Health Terms
Terms in this set (32)
Determinants of health (Health Determinants; Health Factors)
The range of personal, social, economic and environmental factors that influence the health status of individuals or populations.
The resources and relationships necessary to carry out the core functions and essential services of public health; this includes the basic infrastructure resources of the public health system.
An organized community effort to minimize the public's exposure to environmental hazards by identifying the disease or injury agent, preventing the agent's transmission through the environment, and protecting people from exposure to contaminated and hazardous environments.
Core Functions of Public Health (4)
Assessment, Policy Development, Assurance, and Systems Management.
ES #1: _ _ status to identify community health problems
Diagnose and investigate
ES #2: _ _ _ health problems and health hazards in the community
Inform, educate, and empower
ES #3: _ _ _ _ people about health issues
Mobilize community partnerships
ES #4: _ _ _ to identify and solve health problems
ES #5: _ _ and plans that support individual and community health efforts
ES #6: _ _ and regulations that protect health and ensure safety
Link to / provide care
ES #7: _ _ _ _ _ needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable
Assure competent workforce
ES#8: _ _ _ _ public health and personal health care workforce
ES #9: _ effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services
ES #10: _ for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems
Essential Services of Public Health (10)
1) Monitor Health; 2) Diagnose and Investigate; 3) Inform, educate and empower; 4) Mobilize community partnerships; 5) Develop policies; 6) Enforce laws; 7) Link people / provide care; 8) Assure competent workforce; 9) Evaluate; 10) Research
The health of populations in a global context; transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations.
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (World Health Organization, WHO)
Macro / Meso / Micro public health activity levels
Programmatic levels of public health planning for policy and program implementation.
"Macro" activity level
Focuses on the health status of the community/society as a whole in public health planning.
"Meso" activity level
Focuses on policy and program planning activities conducted at the health system or organizational level.
"Micro" activity level
Focuses on planning and implementation of direct patient intervention programs.
Activities undertaken to protect and promote the health and safety of employees in the workplace, including minimizing exposure to hazardous substances, evaluating work practices and environments to reduce injury, and reducing or eliminating other health threats.
A group of persons identified by one or more common characteristics.
An approach to health that aims to improve the health of the entire population and to reduce health inequities among population groups.
Reduction of the risk of occurrences, or delay of occurrences, of adverse health outcomes.
Actions directed to the general population to reduce susceptibility or exposure to health problems.
Detection and early treatment of pre-clinical illness at non-symptomatic stages to avoid occurrence of clinical disease.
The level of disease prevention that focuses on avoiding complications of a disease, reducing disease-related mortality and morbidity, rehabilitating and curing (if possible) a person who has a disease.
What we, as a society, do collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy. (Institute of Medicine, IOM)
Public health Infrastructure
Includes the systems, competencies, frameworks, relationships, and resources that enable public health agencies to perform their core functions and essential services.
Root Causes (Fundamental Causes; Upstream Causes)
Primary causes of health problems that underlie the more [superficially] obvious causes.
Actions of people and governments that have effects which are unanticipated or unintended.
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