At what age does child associate meaning to sounds?
Interventions for difficult temperament
routine and structure
Interventions for highly distractible temperament
soothing measures, swing
Interventions for high activity temperament
extra safety precautions
interventions for easy child temperament
reminders to be vigilant with feeding schedules
when should head lag disappear by?
when does teething begin?
when does object permanence begin?
when can child stand with furniture support?
when does crude pincer grasp emerge?
when can child sit without support?
how many words can 12 month old say?
when can child walk with one-handed support?
What does the Denver II (DDST-II) assess?
four sectors of development: - personal/social - fine motor/adaptive - language - gross motor
What does the Bayley Scale of Infant Development test?
-gross motor - fine motor - language -cognitive development accomplished through play tasks
when is Bayley Scale used?
What is the Ages and Stages tool?
a survey for parents to fill out (lengthy)
What supplements does an infant receiving breastmilk need?
-Vitamin D -Iron
What does iron supplement cause in infants?
How much Vit D should infants take?
What may happen if infants receive water in addition to breastmilk?
water intoxication FTT hyponatremia
how long does refrigerated breast milk last?
how long does frozen breast milk last?
What supplement is needed for formula-fed babies?
What can too much fluoride cause?
tooth discoloration in children
Fruit juice is not recommended before:
Cows milk is not recommended before:
How many bottles does a formula-fed baby need?
1 month - 6 6 months - 4-5
Average volume of feed for formula-fed babies
introducing cow's milk too early can cause:
Why wait until 6 months to introduce solids?
-GI tract able to handle more complex nutrients - teeth start to erupt - extrusion reflex disappears - swallowing is more coordinated -head control present -pincer grasp present -improved hand/eye coordination
Foods that should not be introduced too early due to risk of allergy:
peanuts eggs fish seafood
What is the first food that should be introduced to infants?
Iron-fortified cereal or rice cereal
Describe how new foods should be introduced
one at a time, wait 4-5 days between foods
How long should infant cereal be continued?
until 18 months
how much fruit juice should babies receive?
not more than 4-6 ounces a day
benefit of fruit juice
vitamine C helps absorb iron
serving size of infant cereal
S&Sxs of teething
drooling swollen gums increase in finger sucking biting hard objects
What symptoms require medical examination?
fever >100.4 vomiting diarrhea
what may happen if pacifier usage is continued after 4-6 yrs?
when does oral hygiene begin?
with first tooth
what type of oral hygiene can be used before six months?
when should baby get first dental exam?
at 6 months
Infant FOC is how much greater than chest circumference?