Menelaus was a king of Mycenaean Sparta, the husband of Helen of Troy, and the son of Atreus and Aerope. According to the Iliad, Menelaus was a central figure in the Trojan War, leading the Spartan contingent of the Greek army, under his elder brother Agamemnon, king of Mycenae.
Menelaus was married to Helen who was captured/ran off with Paris, therefore starting the Trojan War as Menelaus and the rest of the Greeks went to Troy to fight and get her back. Lived happily ever after. Had one daughter Hermione.
Agamemnon was married to Clytemnestra, and when he came back from the Trojan war, she killed him to be with her lover Aegisthus. Agamemnon and Clytemnestra had four children: one son, Orestes, and three daughters, Iphigenia, Electra and Chrysothemis.
Procne is the wife of King Tereus of Thrace and daughter of King Pandion of Athena. Her husband agreed to grant her one wish, and she said her greatest wish would be to see her sister Philomela. He agrees to travel to Athens to bring her sister back, and when he lays eyes on her, he falls in love with her beauty. Decides he must keep her for himself, so he locks her in a tower, and cuts out her tongue so she cannot speak and ask someone to save her. Tereus tells Procne that her sister is dead. Philomela finds a way to weave a tapestry of the entire story, and asks an old woman to bring it to her sister. When Procne receives it and finds out what her husband has done, she decides to get revenge. She kills their son Itys and serves it to Tereus in a stew. Realizing what had happened, Tereus chased the women and tried to kill them. But before he could catch them, the gods transformed them all into birds. Tereus became a hawk (or a hoopoe), while Procne became a nightingale and Philomela a swallow. The story of the founding of Thebes is related to one of the stories in the previous section, namely the abduction of Europa, the daughter of king Agenor of Tyre in Phoenicia. After her disappearance, Agenor commanded his sons to search for their lost sister, and one of those sons, Cadmus, came to Greece but was unsuccessful in finding her.
He consulted the Oracle of Delphi to learn what to do, and was told that his destiny was to start a great city, and to know the proper place for it by following a cow until it laid down from weariness. After he did this, the cow was sacrificed in a ritual which also required water from a nearby sacred spring; but Cadmus was unaware that the spring was guarded by a dragon (or serpent), the offspring of the god Ares, and his men were slaughtered by the monster, Thus Cadmus himself had to defeat the monster. After it was dead, Athena appeared and advised Cadmus what to do next: he was to remove the teeth of the dragon and plant them in the ground like seeds. When he did this, the teeth sprouted into armed warriors, ready to attack. Cadmus tricked them into fighting one another, until only five survived, known as the Sparti (Sown men), who became the first citizens of his new city, initially named Cadmeia.