Terms in this set (66)
When encountering a downed power line, you should establish a danger zone
__________ power pole span in either direction.
Using a ladder at a reduced angle (less than 75°) drastically reduces the __________
the ladder and __________ the possibility of slippage.
load-carrying capacity, increases
The parts of an extension ladder that prevent the fly section from being extended too
far are called:
The dogs of an extension ladder serve to
hold the fly section in place after it has been extended
A bangor ladder has attachments for added leverage that are called
The proper name for one of the two principal structural sides of a ladder is a
When referring to ladders, the term tie rod is used to describe a metal rod
one beam to the other
In the arms-length/suitcase carry of a ladder by two firefighters, each grasps the
__________, permitting the ladder to swing along side their legs at arm's length
outside of the top beam
When a ladder is raised, it should be placed at an angle of approximately
__________ to ensure a safe climb
Manufacturers of fiberglass and metal ladders require that the fly section be placed
out, away from building
A primary safety concern when raising a ladder should be
possible contact with electrical wires and overhead obstructions
When lifting a ladder or other heavy object, a firefighter should
bend at the knees keeping the back straight, lift with the legs
When assigned to raise a ladder to a second story roof, a firefighter should choose
a __________ foot ladder
28 - 35
If 24 feet of a 35-foot extension ladder is needed to reach a victim, the butt of the
ladder should be placed approximately __________ feet from the building
When a firefighter is to perform ventilation of a window, the ladder should be placed
with the ladder tip about even with the top of the window
When a ladder is used for the rescue of an injured victim from a narrow window, the
tip should be placed
slightly below the sill
When carrying a ladder using the low-shoulder method, firefighters will normally face
the __________ during the carry
heel or butt
Other than a ladder safety belt, a firefighter can be safely secured to a ground
a leg lock
A ladder that is selected for use in reaching the third story window or roof of a
building should normally be __________ feet in length
40 - 50
When a firefighter is carrying a ladder, all lifting and lowering should be done using
the __________ muscles
The lower section of an extension ladder is known as the
base or bed
An upper section or top section of an extension ladder is known as a
If 40 feet of a 50-foot extension ladder is used, the butt of the ladder should be
placed approximately __________ feet from the building
When climbing a ladder, a firefighter's eyes should be directed
forward and occasionally upward
A nonadjustable ladder that consists of only one section is called a __________
The rope used for hoisting the fly section of a ladder is called the
A two-section extension ladder carried on most pumpers is typically __________
A __________ ladder features unlocking sections, enabling it to be used either as an Aframe
or a straight ladder
Ladders should extend five rungs above the roof edge to aid firefighters in climbing
onto and off the ladder and
so firefighters can find the ladder in heavy smoke conditions
What is the recommended minimum number of firefighters required to carry and
safely raise a 35-foot extension ladder
During a two-firefighter raise of a single ladder, it is the responsibility of the
__________ to determine the proper placement distance from the building
firefighter at the butt (heeler)
While working from a ground ladder, the hook on the firefighter's safety harness
attached to a rung.
A firefighter who is climbing a ladder and carrying a tool in one hand, should
slide the free hand up the underside of the beam while making the climb.
While a roof ladder is being taken up an extension ladder, the hooks are
extended outward from the firefighters
When performing the one-person raise, the __________ of the ladder is placed
against the building wall
What part of a ladder is the beam?
The rails on the side that run the full length of the ladder
What is the purpose of a sensor label on fire department ladders?
The heat sensitive label is affixed to the ladder to alert firefighters that the ladder has been
exposed to potentially damaging heat levels.
The common length of the straight ground ladder is usually between __________ feet.
12 to 20
When an extension ladder can be raised more than __________ feet, it must be
equipped with staypoles
The roof ladder is used when
operating on a sloped roof
Which of the following is not a good ladder safety practice?
Place the ladder in front of a lower floor window or doorway whenever possible
The proper distance the foot or butt of a ladder should stand out from a building
is __________ of the working distance of the ladder from the base of the wall.
What are two methods of raising a ladder to the vertical position?
Rung raise and beam raise
The very top of a ladder is called the
What are butt spurs on a ladder?
Spikes on the base that keep it from slipping
What do the stops do on an extension ladder?
Prevent it from over-extending
What purpose do the hooks of a roof ladder serve?
They secure the tip of the ladder to the peak of a pitched roof
What is another term for a pompier ladder?
A scaling ladder
The reason that ground ladders must be cleaned periodically even if not used at a
scene is that
they accumulate dirt from being on the apparatus
Where does the top beam of the ladder rest in the one-fire fighter carry?
On the shoulder
When a roof ladder is being carried, which end should be facing forward?
The tip end
The two-fire fighter carry is usually used with extension ladders up to
When a ladder is placed at the proper angle for climbing and a fire fighter is
standing on a rung, how far away will the rung at shoulder height be from the fire fighter?
What is the danger if the butt of a ladder is placed to close to the side of the
building and people climb it?
The tip could pull away from the wall
What type of knot is used to tie off a ladder halyard?
A clove hitch
The best method for securing a ladder is to secure
both the tip and the base.
When assisting a conscious victim down a ladder, a firefighter should be
just below with arms encircling the victim and maintaining contact with the ladder.
How should an unconscious child be carried down a ladder?
Cradled across the rescuer's arms
It is permissible to use paint on a fire department ladder
to mark the ladder ends for visibility
Fire department ladders should be __________ after each use and on a monthly
When assigned to perform routine maintenance on ground ladders, a firefighter should
do all of the following except:
perform an extension ladder hardware test.
Halyards and wire cables on extension ground ladders shall be replaced
when they become frayed or kinked
Metal ladders that have been exposed to excessive heat should be
placed out of service until tested.
To clean or remove any oily or greasy residues from a metal ground ladder, it is
recommended to use
clear water and an approved solvent cleaner
After cleaning a ladder with a brush and running water, the ladder should be
wiped down to dry it before placing it back on the apparatus
For smooth operation, parts of metal ladders should be lubricated __________ where
occasionally, manufacturer recommends
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