50 terms

Species name & Descripton to indicate families

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usually only attains heights of 0.5 to 1.0 meter with an either dense or diffuse habit. Foliage blades chartaceous (paper-like), deciduous, abaxial surfaces pilose or glabrous; long, basal nodes of primary branches not developing secondary branches; top knot blades 12-22.5 cm long. Leaves grass-like, lanceolate, base rounded, tip long-tapering. Bristles 6-9mm long on both sides of the throat. deciduous.
Arundinaria appalachiana
Perennial grass with thin, compressed stems reaching up to about 80 centimeters in length, sometimes lying decumbent. Most of the leaves are located at the bases of the stems. The inflorescence is a panicle of up to 17 spikelets, with two or three per branch. Slender branches bearing 2-3 spikelets. The spikelet has a short, bent awn.
Danthonia compressa
True bunch grass, with few to many roundish stems in clumps; leaf blades linear, 8-14" long at maturity, initially light green; stem with numerous branches, each terminated by a spikelike raceme 1-2" long. The leaf blade is flat with a V-shaped main vein. Edges are slightly rough due to a very fine serration.
Schizachyrium scoparium
Perennial, 1½-4' tall unbranched or little-branched. Culm (aerial stem) slender, light green, glabrous, and terete (round in cross-section. Leaves alternate, leaf blades are up to 10" long and 1" across; linear-lanceolate, sharply fine-toothed, light to medium green, flat, and hairless.
Chasmanthium latifolium
Herbaceous plants found where cobbles and boulders accumulate. Clump-forming perennial with flat grass-like leaves, reddish-brown basal sheath. single staminate spikes distal and 3 or 4 pistillate spikes proximal to them. Herbaceous plants found on gravelly sandbars
Carex torta
Juncaceae
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native evergreen magnolia. Growth habit - A dense pyramidal, upright to columnar tree. Tree size - Grows to 80 feet tall and 40 feet wide. Leaf evergreen, Upper surface is shiny, waxy green and the underside can have various degrees of brown pubescence. Flower - Large, white flowers with up to 15 thick tepals. Fragrant. among the oldest flowering plants. flowers are numerous whorls of tepals, stamens and carpels, over 200 stamens and 100 carpels. Fruit - The fruit is a large aggregate of follicles, orange-red seed covering, fruit-like aril.
Magnolia grandiflora
native. Growth habit - Small single or multi-stemmed tree. Usually grows to about 20 feet tall and wide. Leaves are alternate, simple and oblong to lanceolate in shape. semi-evergreen. leaves 8 inches long. Buds have soft pubescence. Apical bud is elongated and acuminate. Flowers can have up to 12 spreading tepals and has appealing fragrance. Fruit is a large aggregate of follicles, red aril.
Magnolia virginiana
Irregular growth habit with contorted or wide-spreading branches. Reaches an average height of 15 to 30 feet.
Leaf - Alternate, simple, very large, 10 to 24 inches long, lacking "ear-lobes" at base, Twig - Stout, green turning to brown, terminal buds large, green turning to brownish purple, often with a white bloom, sometimes curved. Bark thin, gray, smooth. Large flowers with three reflexed tepals (tripetala). Fruit - are a cylindrical aggregate of rosy-red follicles each containing a red aril-covered seed. At ripening, the individual follicles open and the seeds emerge and dangle on slender cords called suspensors.
Magnolia tripetala
Leaves Alternate, simple, quite large, 8 to 12 inches long, auriculate (with "ear-lobes") at base, typically widest near the middle, often crowded near the ends of twigs. Twig Stout, glabrous, purplish brown, terminal bud large (1 inch), glabrous, and purplish brown. Bark - Thin, grayish brown to brown, Aggregate fruit cone-like, individual seeds bright red, Flower - Very large and showy, with several creamy white petals (3 to 5 inches long),
Magnolia fraseri
Pyramidal tree when young becoming open and rounded with age. Usually grows to about 75 feet tall but can be almost 200 feet tall. Often a very straight trunk. Leaf - Leaves are alternate, simple with shallow lobes and somewhat shaped like a tulip. Leaf - Autumn color is variable, from yellow to yellow-brown. buds are are elongated and valvate. Two large stipules. Bark Light gray-green and smooth and conspicuous white colored furrows in diamond shaped patterns. The flowers are leathery with 6 yellow-green petals and 3 hanging sepals. The base of the inner and outer parts of the petals are orange. Fruit is an aggregate of samaras.
Liriodendron tulipifera
Pea-like, flowers appear to be papilionoid in shape, but is actually in the Caesalpinioid group because the banner petal is innermost of the five distinct petals and forms inside the wing petals. Twig slender and zigzag, leaf buds are tiny and dark red to chestnut in color, Bark may have some maroon patches evident and orange in the cracks. Fruit 2 to 4 inches long that contain flat, elliptical, brown seeds 1/4 inch long
Cercis canadensis
Small tree which branches low and quickly spreads into a wide V-shaped. Leaves alternate, bi-pinnately compound and very feathery, 10-20 inches long. Twigs zigzagged, 3-lobed leaf scars and the lack of a true terminal bud. Bark smooth and gray-brown. Flowers very showy, occurring in rounded pink fluffy heads; individual flowers are small with long pink (1+ inch long) stamens. Fruit a legume.
Albizia julibrissin
Fabaceae: Faboideae
Desmodium nudiflorum
Fabaceae: Faboideae
Pueraria montana
Fabaceae: Faboideae
Wisteria sinensis
Fabaceae: Faboideae
Amphicarpaea bracteata
Rosaceae: Spiraeoideae
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Rosaceae: Rosoideae
Rubus allegheniensis
Rosaceae: Rosoideae
Sibbaldiopsis tridentata
Rosaceae: Amygdaloideae
Prunus serotina
Rosaceae: Amygdaloideae
Prunus pensylvanica
Rosaceae: Maloideae
Sorbus americana
Rosaceae: Maloideae
Aronia melanocarpa
Cupressaceae
Taxodium distichum
Cupressaceae
Juniperus virginiana
Cupressaceae
Sequoia sempervirens
Cupressaceae
Sequoiadendron giganteum
Pinaceae
Pinus strobus
Pinaceae
Pinus taeda
Pinaceae
Pinus echinata
Pinaceae
Pinus pungens
Pinaceae
Pinus virginiana
Pinaceae
Pinus longaeva
Sapindaceae
Acer rubrum
Sapindaceae
Acer saccharum
Sapindaceae
Acer pensylvanicum
Sapindaceae
Acer saccharinum
Sapindaceae
Acer spicatum
Sapindaceae
Acer negundo
Sapindaceae
Aesculus flava
Sapindaceae
Aesculus sylvatica
Asteraceae: Asteroideae
Rudbeckia laciniata
Asteraceae: Asteroideae
Smallanthus uvedalius
Asteraceae: Asteroideae
Solidago curtisii
Asteraceae: Asteroideae
Eurybia macrophylla
Asteraceae: Asteroideae
Pityopsis graminifolia
Asteraceae: Asteroideae
Eupatorium capillifolium
Asteraceae: Asteroideae
Ageratina altissima
Asteraceae: Cichorioideae
Krigia montana