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Ap Psych Unit 3 Test
Terms in this set (45)
Your teacher asks you to describe the sequence of parts of a neuron that the impulse travels during neural conduction. Which of the following sequences will you offer?
Dendrites, soma, axon, terminal buttons
Tim is overweight. His physician has decided to test him to see if there is a problem with the regulation of his_______
Rats that have a damaged__________ will show no fear when placed next to cat.
Researcher Roger Sperry won a Nobel Prize for his research on epilepsy. Sperry cut thorough the ___________, which joins the two hemispheres of the brain.
The part of the brain located just behind the temples, containing neurons responsible for the sense of hearing and meaningful speech, is called the ___________
Neurons that carry information form the sense to the spinal cord are called___________
Marta was in an automobile accident and suffered an injury to her brain, resulting in paralysis of her left arm. What part of Marta's brain was injured?
The area of the frontal lobe that is devoted to the production of fluent speech is ___________ area
The change that a neuron at rest maintains is die to the presence of a high number of_________ charged ions inside the neuron's membrane.
The state during which a neuron contains more negatively charged ions inside the cell than outside the cell and is not firing is referred to as the__________.
The action potential causes neurotransmitters to be released into the__________.
Which neurotransmitter is associated with sleep, mood, and appetite?
Which of the following are the three basic types of neurons?
interneurons, sensory neurons, motor neurons
Jack suffered a brain injury as a result of hitting his head while waterskiing. One of the problems that developed was the at Jack could not pronounce certain words correctly for a long period of time until he had extensive speech therapy, but can now speak as he did his accident. This is an example of the brain's______________, which allowed the structure and function of his brain cells to change and adjust to the trauma.
Which statement is untrue about the peripheral nervous system (PNS)?
The PNS consists of the brain and spinal cord
The peripheral nervous system consists of the ______________ and__________ nervous system.
Autonomic and somatic
The subdivision of the peripheral nervous system that is made up of all nerves carrying messages from the sense to the central nervous system and all nerves carrying messages from the central nervous system to skeletal muscles is called the_____________.
somatic nervous system
The autonomic nervous system has two divisions: the __________ and the ____________.
sympathetic and parasympathetic
Secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
The hormone released by the pineal gland that reduces body temp. and prepares you for sleep is____________.
Denise just received the results of a complete physical that found her body is not producing enough insulin. Which of the following endocrine glands is affecting her body's ability to produce insulin?
When the teacher was handing out this test, you noticed that your respiration rate and heartbeat increased, your palms got sweaty, and your hand shook a little. Your pretest behaviors were triggered by the ________. Upon completion of the exam, your body returned to its normal state by way of the ___________.
sympathetic nervous system and parasympathetic
Insertion into the brain of a thin insulated wire through which an electrical current is sent that destroys the brain cells at the tip of the wire is called_________.
Ali is in the hospital about to undergo a brain-imaging process that involves taking many X-rays from different angles aided by the use of a computer. What type of imaging technique is being used?
computed tomography (CT)
The brain is divided into several different structures on the bottom part of the brain referred to as the "hindbrain". Which brain structure was damaged in the accident?
Following a car accident, Chris's nervous system is unable to send messages for him to breathe, so he is on a respirator. Which brain structure was damaged int he accident?
Katie has grown up sleeping with a fan running in her room in her since she was an infant. This provides white noise to drown out the television programs being watched by other family members who were still awake. In an effort to save electricity, her mother has started coming into her room and turning off her fan after she thinks Katie is asleep. However, each time Katie wakes up and asks for the fan to be turned back on. Katie is selectively attending to certain kinds of information in her surroundings, which has been linked to the _____ part of her
Damage to the cerebellum is likely yo disrupt which of the following?
Which of the following is a group of several brain structures locates in the inner margin of the upper brain and is involved in learning, emotion, and motivation?
Eating, drinking,sexual behavior, sleeping, and temp control are most strongly influenced by the __________?
If you have a problem remembering things that happened a tear ago, doctors might check for damage to the area of the brain called the______________?
The thick band of axons that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres is called the ____________?
John has decided to start to learn how to wrestle. On his first day at practice, a seasoned wrestler slams the back of his head to the mat. John was shaken and reported to the trainer that he "saw stars" after he hit his head. As a result of "seeing stars", John's _______ were temporally affected as a result of the slam.
Darla was in an automobile accident that resulted in an injury to her brain. Her sense of touch has been affected. Which part of the brain is the most likely site of the damage?
Since Norma is a split-brain patient, we can infer that she likely has a history of __________.
Which of the following is a function of the right hemisphere?
perception, recognition of emotion, and recognition of patterns
Dendrite is to axon as:
receive is to send
Which of the following neurotransmitters functions as a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain?
Malcolm is studying alone in his room late at night when he hears aloud noise downstairs. His heartbeat increases significantly and his breathing becomes shallow. He wonders if a burglar has entered the house and decides to investigate. When he gets downstairs, he discovers his cat has knocked over a plant stand. His body begins to relax and return to normal. Which part of his nervous system is responsible for returning Malcolm to a normal state?
parasympathetic nervous system
Cameron touches a hot iron and immediately pulls his hand away. His quick response occurs because _________.
the pain message goes up the spinal column to the central area of the spinal cord instead of going all the way to the brain
Pain-controlling chemicals in the body are called _______________.
Which 19th century scientist is credited with the theory of natural selection?
What is a function of myelin?
to speed up neural impulses
Which of the following lobes are involved in planning, memory, and personality?
The two main divisions of the nervous system are the _________ and the __________.
peripheral nervous system and central nervous system
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