21 terms

World History Chapter 13 Vocabulary

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Middle Ages
The era in European history that followed the fall of the Roman Empire, lasting from about 500 to 1500 - also called the medieval period. This period of time in Europe combines the classical heritage of Rome, the beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church, and the customs of Germanic tribes.
Franks
The Germanic people who lived and held power in Gaul. Their leader was Clovis and he would later bring Christianity to the region. By 511 the Franks had united into one kingdom and they controlled the largest and strongest parts of Europe.
Monastery
A place where communities of monks live lives of devotion to God in isolation from the outside world.
Secular
Things concerned with worldly matters rather than spiritual, or church matters.
Carolingian Dynasty
The family that ruled the Franks from 751 to 987. The Dynasty was started by Pepin The Short, and brought to the hight of its power by his son Charlemagne.
Charlemagne
The Frankish king who conquered most of Europe and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in the year 800.
Lord
In the feudal system this person was a landowner, who could grant fiefs (land) to a vassal.
Fief
Land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service.
Vassal
A person granted land from a lord in return for loyalty and service.
Knight
A man who received honor and land in exchange for serving a lord as a soldier. These were well trained soldiers who fought on horseback for their chosen lord.
Serf
A peasant laborer who was bound by law to the lands of a noble. He was different from a slave in that he could not be bought or sold but in everyother way was owned by his feudal lord.
Manor
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
Tithe
Also known as a Church tax, this was a tenth of a family's income given to the church.
Chivalry
This was a Code of conduct for knights during the Middle Ages in which they were required to be loyal to their feudal lord, God, and their chosen lady.
Tournament
Mock battle in which knights would compete against one another to show off their fighting skills.
Troubadour
A medieval poet and musician who traveled from place to place, entertaining people.
Clergy
Religious officials, such as priests, given authority to conduct religious services.
Sacrament
These are important religious ceremonies, in the Christian church, that help pave the way to salvation. [ex. Baptism, Communion, Marriage]
Canon Law
The body of laws governing the religious practices of the Christian church and its members.
Holy Roman Empire
A political entity in Europe that began with the papal coronation of Otto I as the first emperor in 962. It was a weak political association of independent states in Germany and Italy.
Lay Investiture
The appointment of religious officials by kings or nobles.