AP Government - Chapter 1
Terms in this set (23)
The institutions through which public policies are made for a society.
The process determining the leaders we select and the policies they pursue.
The Policymaking System
Political channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the policy agenda. (political parties, elections, interest groups, the media, etc.)
Several issues that capture the serious attention of political officials and other figures in politics at a given time.
Goods and services, such as clean water, that by nature cannot be denied to anyone.
The 5 Basic Duties Each Government Should Perform
1. Maintain a national defense.
2. Provide public goods and services.
3. Preserve order.
4. Socialize the young.
5. Collect taxes.
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Groups that have a narrow interest on which their members tend to take an uncompromising stance.
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the
Traditional Democratic Theory
1. Equality in voting.
2. Effective participation
3. Enlightened. understanding.
4. Citizen control of the agenda.
Democratic theory that states that the government is comprised of several different groups that compete to reach compromise, no one group dominating another.
Democratic theory that states that society is divided by class lines, with the upper class elite in power
(Policies benefit those with money/power)
Democratic theory that states that he government is comprised of several groups, all of which are too strong, which leads to muddled policy and gridlock --- the government suffers because of groups
Challenges to Democracy
Increased complexity of issues, limited participation in government, escalating campaign costs, and diverse political interests.
5 Elements of American Political Culture
All the activities by which citizens attempt to influence the selection of political leaders and the policies they pursue.
an issue that arises when people disagree about a problem and how to fix it.
The branches of Government charges with taking action on political issues.
A choice that government makes in response to a political issue. A course of action taken with regard to a problem.
The effects a policy has on people and problems.
A condition that occurs when interests conflict and no coalition is strong to form a policy, so nothing gets done.
GDP Gross Domestic Product
The sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in a year in a nation.