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APHG Semester Exam
Terms in this set (68)
what is space-time compression?
places that used to seem far in distance, no longer seem as far away because of new technology
what is concentration over space?
extent of a features spread over space
name the physical processes
climate, landform, soil, vegetation, elevation
What is the difference between possibilism and environmental determinism?
Possibilism- Humans can change the environment tp their needs. ED- Environment determines humans actions
What are the different types of regions?
Formal, functional, vernacular
What is the importance of longitude and latitude?
longitude- time zones, latitude- climate zones
What are characteristics of site location?
What makes a place unique geographically
What is the function of GIS?
Utilizes information to produce accurate/more attractive maps, layers info to make different type of maps by rearranging layers
How is life expectancy determined?
how long a child born in a country under current conditions is expected to live
What is the significance of the Industrial Revolution in regards to population of cities?
Boosted population and and made the cities grow-improved state of cities and made them healthier
What is a dependency ratio?
The ratio of people who can't work to those who can
Describe Thomas Malthus' theory?
He believed the growing population would overrun the food supply of the Earth.
What effects ecumene?
The condition of the climates/ physical environment
What does the gravity model estimate?
the spatial interaction/movement between any 2 places
Why do people migrate?
government/political reasons, natural disasters, jobs, economy
What is a guest worker?
take low status jobs in other countries
From where did did most of the immigrants to the US come in the 1980's?
Asia and Latin America
What was the Mariel boatlift?
Policies in cuba allowed people to leave for a short period of time
What are push-pull factors?
factors that make people want to leave/migrate somewhere
What is the significance of the cultural diffusion of jeans?
the same wherever you go, varies in time rather than place.
Describe the difference in folk and popular culture?
pop- worldwide and highly diffused vary from time to time, folk- isolated, vary from place to place
What factors can effect folk culture remaining uninfluenced?
What are the five pillars of faith of Islam?
1. faith, 2. Prayer, 3. Charity, 4. Fasting, 5. Pilgrimmage to Mecca
What is the significance of the western wall?
most sacred site for Jews in Israel
-respective boundary between Jews and Muslims
what factors can effect interregional and international migration?
push/pull factors- political, natural, economy
What are the four noble truths in Buddhism?
1. Suffering, 2. Origin of suffering, 3. Cessation of suffering, 4. Path to cessatiton of suffering
describe the situation with the "boat people" migrating from Vietnam
refugees sent back to Vietnam after suffering from detention camps
What is the difference between an ethnic and universalizing religion?
Worldwide and clustered
why were quota laws established?
restrict immigration, primarily European immigrants
What are the 6 major language families?
Sino-tibetan, afro asiatic, austronesian, niger congo, indo euro, dravidian
where do most long distance migrants settle?
large cities- most job opportunites
What is a language branch?
A collection of languages related through a common anscestor
What is a denomination?
Division of a branch that unites a member of congregation.
what are MDC/LDC's?
more/less developed countries
where is most of the world's population concentrated?
East Asia, South Asia
what is the physiological density?
the number of people per unit of arable land
what can affect the birth and death rate
environment, infrastructure, education
describe the different types of location
absolute- exact, relative- relates to it's surrondings
describe the stages of demographic transition
1. low growth 2. high growth 3. decreasing growth 4. low growth 5. no growth
what is NIR?
Natural increase rate, % of pop growth in one year
how do geographers show the earth's surface?
what is a toponym?
the name of a place
what invention made time zones more important?
describe the major concepts of the Hindu religion
allegiance to one God or concept
how is language diffused throughout the world?
depends on isolation or interaction
what are the Romance languages/in what area are they spoken?
-spoken in Europe
what is fundamentalism?
strict interpretation of teaching of religion
what is hierarchical diffusion?
gaining culture from larger places/higher powers
describe the major concepts of Animism
belief in non-living objects as higher powers
what unites the Eastern religions?
they're all clustered in the East
give an example of sensitive enviromental modification
creation of Polders in the Netherlands
when was the first major era of immigration in the US?
what environmental factors affect the types of houses that are built in a region?
climate, land (mountains, rivers, rocky)
what is the greatest factor in spreading popular culture?
how are countries attempting to control what is seen in their countries in regards to cultures?
how is Christianity distributed around the world?
hierarchical and relocation diffusion
how has Judaism been diffused throughout the world?
Romans forced dispersion from Israel in A.D 70
has leisure time increased or decreased in recent times/why?
decreased because we are generally more busy
the predominant religion of South America
how the physical environment causes social development is an ex of what?
When society is experience sporadic birth and death rates making NIR essentially 0 they are in what stage?
what factors have limited the interregional migration between places like Russia Brazil and Indonesia?
belief in the world natural increase will outreach its food supply
The building of a canal to irrigate a field is an example of
The main language family belonging to India is
Which language family connects many people and religions because it was originally used to write the religious books of 3 of the world's main religions.
Geographers can show the the flat and spherical world using?
U.S views the South as?
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