American Revolution for Semester One Final, U.S. History, High School
American History - 8th Grade
Terms in this set (41)
What were the causes of the American Revolution?
Proclamation of 1763, Intolerable Acts, Stamp Act, Mercantilism, Lack of Representation in Parliament, and British economic polocies following the French & Indian War.
In response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troop's in barns and empty houses.
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
2nd president of the U.S.
*a strong believer in colonial independence.
*He helped draft and pass the Declaration of Independence.
*a leader of the Sons of Liberty .
*Mastermind of the Boston Tea Party..
* he persuaded the French to help the colonists.
King George III
The King of England against whom the colonies led the American Revolution. He tried to exert too much control on the colonies without giving them representation in Parliament.
Wrote the Declaration of Independence.
Third President of the U.S.
wrote Common Sense, published in 1776, that convinced many Americans that it was time to declare independence from Britain.
Commander of the Continental Army. He had led troops (rather unsuccessfully) during the French and Indian War, First President of the U.S.
Lexington and Concord
First battle of the Revolutionary War - A 1775 conflict between colonial minutemen & British soldiers attempting to take the colonists' large store of arms; the first shots were fired in Lexington, starting the war. The battles resulted in a British retreat to Boston.The colonists won.
The battle which was the turning point of the Revolution because after the colonists won this major victory, the French decided to support us with money, troops, ships, etc.
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. British General Cornwallis surrendered October 19, 1781.
Washington and troops were low on supplies, food, and clothing. Because it was a harsh winter, 1/5 of soldiers died. Name given to the 1777-1778 encampment at Valley Forge by the American military under General Washington. It was America's first real effort to field a professional military against the British.
Treaty of Paris of 1783
This treaty ended the Revolutionary War, recognized the independence of the American colonies
A person who supported the British during the American Revolution
A person who supported the colonists during the American Revolution, a colonist who wanted to break free from Britain's rule
First Continental Congress
delegates from twelve colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia to discuss a response to the Intolerable Acts
Second Continental Congress
They organized the Continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence.
Army of colonists formed in 1775 by the Second Continental Congress and led by General George Washington
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation.
type of fighting in which soldiers use swift hit-and-run attacks against the enemy
Sons of Liberty
a group of colonists who formed a secret society to oppose British policies at the time of the American Revolution.
British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them. Five colonists were killed. The colonists blamed the British and the Sons of Liberty and used this incident as an excuse to promote the Revolution.
What were the strengths of the British?
They had a strong well-trained army and navy along with a strong central government with food, ammunition and the support of colonial loyalists and Native Americans.
Declaration of Independence
The document approved by representatives of the American colonies in 1776 that stated their grievances against the British monarch and declared their independence.
to refuse to buy items from a particular country. The colonists upheld a __________against British goods.
Member of a militia during the American Revolution who could be ready to fight in a minute.
Ideas introduced in the Declaration of Independence
All men are created equal and have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
Spain and France
supported the colonist's war for independence; were allies of the colonists
French and Indian War
The British king wanted the colonies to pay for the war and started taxing them...this made the colonists angry.
Boston Tea Party
colonists angry over tax on tea protested by throwing the tea into the harbor
a tax on all printed materials
Fighting far from home, takes time to get supplies and more troops
Strengths of the Colonists (Continental Army)
They had a grand cause: Fighting for their Independence,
They had the French helping them
Weaknesses of the Colonists (Continental Army)
Not a big army, not well-equipped, not a lot of money
Articles of Confederation
the first constitution of the United States
Why did the Articles of Confederation fail?
it failed to unite the colonies because it did not give the National Government and Congress enough power. There was no president, so the colonies started to dispute.
Led by Alexander Hamilton, this early political party supported a strong national government.
wanted to limit federal government power, favored agriculture, and founded by Jefferson and Madison
A British soldier