CLE (2nd Term)


Terms in this set (...)

Kingdom of God
- It's a condition of the people's hearts, minds, wills, in which God is Lord of all.
- So... Jesus corrected the OT concept that limited the Kingdom of God to a specific territory ruled by a Jewish king.
- It is when we, truly allow GOD to rule over our lives (every aspect of our life)
- It is when we empower, serve and show love and compassion to our neighbors.
- From the Greek word "Parabole" which means to compare
- are stories told for the purpose of stimulating (prompting) people to reflect more deeply on their own lives and to convey or tell some deep spiritual truth by comparing a profound reality with something more common and easy to understand.
Parable of the Mustard Seed
Kingdom of God starts from a small thing, but its creative and growing power spreads
Parable of the Yeast
- Just as we can't see the yeast working in the dough, we can't always clearly see the working of the Kingdom.
- We never notice its beginning but later we realize how large and big it has become.
Parable of the Hidden Treasure
- The treasure symbolizes God's blessings that show that the Kingdom of God is real (although often times 'hidden') in our lives: "There is a GOD!"
- These 'hidden' treasures are those that truly matter in our lives but we sometimes take for granted: our faith, loved ones, true friendships.
- These treasures give us deep lasting joy and so we seek them more than anything else.
Parable of the Pearl of Great Price
When we find the Kingdom of God in our lives, everything else becomes secondary and of less worth.
Parable of the Net
This is about what will happen at the end of time (the evil will be separated from the good).
The Church's teaching on the kingdom of God
- The Kingdom of God is a gift and a task.
- The Kingdom of God is already here but not fully.
Matthew 6:9-10
Our Father in heaven,
Hallowed be Your name.
Your kingdom come.
Your will be done
On earth as it is in heaven.
- a desire to do something especially evil;
- enticement/invitation to do evil things
- it is not a sin but it can lead you to sin
Matthew 4: 1-11
The temptation of Jesus

The spirit who descended upon Jesus at his baptism was the same Spirit who drove him into the desert.
A place both for testing and for great favors.
What Jesus did in the Desert
Jesus fasted for forty days and forty nights in the desert to discern/pray for his true vocation given by the Father.
First Temptation
- Turning stones into bread, is an invitation for Jesus to use His power to satisfy his immediate material needs, and ultimately to save humankind by filling all their material needs.
- response of Jesus- Fidelity to the Father's saving plan
- Riches
Second Temptation
- The temptation was meant to convince people that He is the Son of God. Floating down from the Temple and landing to the ground unhurt would surely make Him more popular than the other religious leaders.
- His mission was not to seek reputation and a great name for Himself by his ability to work wonders. Instead Jesus wanted to draw people to His Father by his preaching. Jesus rejected the way of worldly prestige and reputation.
- Popularity
Third Temptation
- Jesus was tempted to turn away to the Father and worship the devil.
- Jesus was not a political messiah who will bring back Israel to power but a suffering Messiah who will come to redeem sinners.
- Power
Man's Temptation: Selfishness and Greed
Jumping from the tower
Man's temptation: Fame, Prestige, Popularity
The worshipping of Satan
Man's Temptation: Worshipping of "modern gods" like money, power, fame
Way on how to avoid temptation
1. Pray daily; Read the Bible everyday.
2. Stay away from occasions of sin;
3. We must follow our true conscience
4. Partake and celebrate in the Holy Eucharist.
5. Nurture good friends and seek their advice and guidance;
6. Obey parents and keep God's commandments.
>recognition of temptation
>we are weak in the face of temptation
>need to rely on God's help for strength
Seven Sacraments
1. Baptism
2. Holy Eucharist/Holy Communion
3. Confirmation
4. Reconciliation
5. Anointing of the Sick
6. Matrimony
7. Holy orders
are visible rites seen as signs and efficacious channels of the grace of God to all those who receive them with the proper disposition.
the one administering the sacrament
the visible object used for the sacrament
the words used to celebrate the sacrament.
Sacrament of Confirmation
the sacrament in which, through the Holy Spirit, a baptized person is drawn in closer union with the Church and endowed with strength to actively spread the Gospel
Relationship of Baptism and Confirmation
Baptism- members of the Church and we received our mission

Confirmation - we received the Holy Spirit to guide and empower us to do our mission
Gifts of the Holy Spirit
"The Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him: a Spirit of wisdom and understanding, a Spirit of counsel and of strength, a Spirit of piety, a Spirit of knowledge and of fear of the Lord"
- Isaiah 11:2-3
helps us recognize the importance of others and the importance of keeping God central in our lives.
is the ability to comprehend the meaning of God's message.
is the ability to think about and explore God's revelation, and also to recognize there are mysteries of faith beyond us.
is the ability to see the best way to follow God's plan when we have choices that relate to him.
is the courage to do what one knows is right.
helps us pray to God in true devotion.
Fear of the Lord
is the feeling of amazement before God, who is all-present, and whose friendship we do not want to lose.
Fruits of the Holy Spirit
1. Love
2. Joy
3. Peace
4. Endurance
5. Generosity
6. Faith
7. Mildness
8. Chastity
9. Kindness
10. Patience
- he is the ordinary minister for confirmation, who is the successor of the apostles, with the fullness of the sacrament of Holy Orders
- However for grave reasons the Bishop may delegate to priests the faculty to administer the sacrament
- Laying on of hands over the forehead of the candidates
-Anointing of the forehead with Holy Chrism (holy oil)
"Be sealed with the Gift of the Holy Spirit."
Laying of hands
signifies the coming of the Spirit. It is in accordance with the example of the apostles: Peter and John laid hands on them and they received the Holy Spirit" (Acts 8:17)
Tap on the cheek
Traditionally, after the anointing and the laying of hands, the bishop slaps the cheek of the candidate to signify bravery. Since the candidate is now a "soldier of Christ", he must fight bravely for the Kingdom of God.
Sacred Chrism
- The Sacred Chrism is olive oil mixed with perfume.
- The sacred Chrism makes us share in the prophetic, kingly, and priestly ministry of Christ, since in the OT people became prophets, priests and kings by anointing.
Effects of Confirmation
1. Confirmation strengthens and confirms the grace of baptism in the life of a Christian.
2. Confirmation initiates the baptized into a more mature witnessing to God's saving love through Jesus and the Church.
Age of Discretion
- the quality of having or showing discernment or good judgment
- the quality of being discreet; cautious in speech
- ability to make responsible decisions
- preferably 12 and above
The Rite of Confirmation
1. The calling of names
2. The renewal of baptismal promises
3. Laying on of hands
4. The anointing with Chrism
Matthew 3:13-17
Jesus' Baptism
John the Baptist
Mother: Elizabeth Father: Zechariah Titles: Precursor/ Forerunner Prophet: messenger

Cloth- Camel's hair, leather belt
Food- locust and wild honey
John's Baptism
- It is a Baptism of repentance
- Metanoia
Repentance and change of heart (metanoia)
Sacrament of Baptism
- Entry to the other sacrament
- united with Christ
1. Opening of the Heaven
The paradise were opened to show that the promised redemption is now being fulfilled.
2. Descent of the Holy Spirit
Jesus is reunited with the Spirit in a unique way. Holy Spirit- Source of His mission
3. Heavenly proclamation
- Unique relationship of Jesus with God the Father.
"This is my beloved Son with whom I am well pleased."
- Beloved- the only Son
Public Ministry
His mission:
teaching, healing,
miracles, parables, etc
Prophetic Mission
- Jesus as a prophet
- He proclaims the
word of God
through words, deeds and wonders.
Kingly Mission
- Jesus as a king
- He was chosen by God to lead and serve His people.
Priestly Mission
- Jesus as a Priest
- He is the mediator between God and human beings. He bring people closer to the Father.