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40 terms

AAE HAnP Chapter 1 General A & P Terms 1

STUDY
PLAY
Anatomy
The study of structure of organisms
Gross
What we can see with the naked eye
Microscopic
Need a microscope to see it
Applied
Use knowledge of anatomy to help in diagnosis/treatment
Physiology
Study of how things function
Median Plane
Cuts body in half longitudally
Medial
Close to the midline
Lateral
Away from the midline
Sagittal Plane
Slices that are parallel to the median plane
Transverse Plane
Right angles to the median plane
Cranial
Towards the head
Caudal
Towards the tail
Rostral
On the head, towards the nose
Dorsal Plane
Cuts body into upper and lower halves
Dorsal
Towards the back
Ventral
Towards the belly
Palmar
Caudal surface of front legs from wrist to toes
Plantar
Caudal surface of the hind legs from the ankle to the toes
Superficial
Near the surface of the body
Deep
Near the center of the body
Proximal
Near to the body proper
Distal
Farther away from the body
The Cell
The basic unit of living things
Tissue
Specialized groups of cells with the same function
Organ
Groups of tissues that work together
System
Groups of organs working together to do a common job
Epithelial
Covers and lines the body; skin, mucous membranes...
Connective
Binds other tissues together, protection and leverage
Elastic
Stretches and returns to original shape... around abdomen and walls of arteries
Collagen
Fibrous tissue that adds strength to other tissues; gelatin, capsule around muscles
Tendon
Strong dense tissue that connects muscle to bone
Ligament
Strong dense tissue that connects bone to bone
Adipose
Fat storage. White in most animals. Yellow in Gurnsey cattle and horses. Brown in newborns
Cartilage
Gristle type tissue. Discs between vertebrae, ear, joint surface
Bone
Calcified cartilage. Living tissue constantly being remodled
Muscle
Used for movement- skeletal, striated and cardiac
Nervous
Conducts never signals; found in the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Cranium
Surrounds the brain
Thoracic
Surrounds the heart and lungs
Abdomino-Pelvic
Surrounds all the organs in the 'belly,' intestine, uterus, kidneys etc...