Documentation P & A

Sentinel event
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Terms in this set (80)
-allow several health team members to view the patient record simultaneously.
-Those with special clearance may view the EHR off-site to note changes in patient condition or to order necessary laboratory tests, diagnostic studies, or medications.
-Computerization ensures that all entries are legible and time dated.
-It enables the graphing of trends in vital signs or assessment data.
-It minimizes compliance issues because programs will not let nurses enter data until they have completed all required fields. T.
-Some programs create plans of care from entered assessment data.
-Confidential access
-computer-based personal record
- increased accessibility beyond the primary institution.
-uniform access to a single patient record, allowing greater accuracy and improved care. \ -
-allowing patients to share complete health information with any practitioner, regardless of institutional affiliation or time and place when care was originally provided.
CONFIDENTIAL-Nurses are required legally and ethically to keep all information in the patient record confidential. Confidentiality means keeping information private. All patient information is confidential and discussed only with other healthcare professionals directly involved in the patient's care The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) that gives patients greater control over their medical records became effective in 2003. HIPAA regulates all areas of information management, including reimbursement, coding, and security of recordsACCURATE-Entries must be accurate. Nurses must chart only observations that they have seen, heard, smelled, or felt. An observation made by another health professional must be clearly identified as such. Precise measurements and times must be used whenever possible. For example, a wound should be described as "3 cm by 0.5 cm," rather than "small."CONCISE AND COMPLETE-Good charting is concise and brief, yet complete. Most EHR do not let nurses enter data until all required fields have been completed. In narratives, use partial sentences and phrases; drop the patient's name and terms referring to the patient. Use abbreviations but only those that are commonly accepted and approved by your facilityObjective ChartingWhen charting subjective findings, make every effort to identify the source and context for the finding. This point is particularly important when recording information about psychosocial and mental health issues. Directly quoting statements made by the patient can help maintain objectivity.most common cause sentinel events:communication-When does an incident report need to be made?- Accidental omission of prescribed therapies -Cirumstances that led to an injury -Circumstances that put client at risk of injury -Medication admisistration errors -Needle-stick injuries -Procedure related or equipment related accidentsNursing Progress Notesare recorded for all patients but vary in format depending on the agency and setting. -They reflect a specific problem being addressed or the care provided over a specific period. Narrative notes, SOAP notes, DAR notes, and PIE notes are all descriptive forms of documentation that summarize nursing assessments, interventions, and patient responsesTeamSTEPPSTeam Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safetyfocuses on 4 core skills of TeamSTEPPS:leadership, situation monitoring, mutual support, communicationSBAR Perksprovides a framework for team members to effectively communicate information to one another short and conciseSBARSituation Background Assessment RecommendationHandoffthe transferring of information during transitions of patient care the primary object of a handoff is to provide accurate information about a patient's care, treatment and services, current condition, and any recent anticipated changesI PASS the BATONIntroduction - introduce yourself and your role Patient - Name, identifiers, age, sex, location Assessment - chief complaint, vital signs, symptoms, diagnosis Situation - current status (code status, recent changes, response to treatment Safety Concerns - critical lab values, socio-economic factors, allergies, alerts Background - comorbidities, previous episodes, current med, family history Actions - actions taken or required; provide brief rationale Timing - level of urgency, explicit timing, prioritization of action Ownership - who is responsible (include pt/family responsibilities) Next - what will happen next?, anticipated changes, planCharting by ExceptionThe nurse's role to carry out HCP's presciptionsThe nurse is obligated to carry out an prescription EXCEPT when the nurse believes a prescription to be inappropriate or inaccurate. -The nurse that does carry out an erroneous prescription may be legally responsiblePatient Self-Determination Actis a law that indicates clients must be provided with information about their rights to identify written directions about the care that they wish to receive in the event that they become incapacitated and are unable to make healthcare decisionsInstructional directiveslists the medical treatment that a client chooses to omit or refuse if the client becomes unable to make decisions and is terminally illPower of AttorneyAppoints a person as a health care proxy chosen by the client to make healthcare decisions on the client's behalf when the client can no longer make the decisionsNurses role in advance directives-Discussion options with client opens the communication channel to establish what is important to the client and what the client may view as promoting life vs prolonging death. -Needs to ensure the pt has been provided with information about their rights to advance directives -On admissions the nurse determines if AD exist and are in the medical record -Insures the HCP knows the wishes of the cleint -Insure that the pt wishes are followedReporting responsiblities-Child/elder abuse -domestic violence -dog bite/animal bite -gunshot/stab wounds -assaults -homicides -suicidesCall-Out-a strategy used to communicate important or critical information-informs all team members simultaneously during emergency situations -helps team members anticipate the next steps-division of responsibilitiesFocusD- Data A-Action R-ResponseAdvantages of a Focus DARBroad view permitting charting on any significant area, not just problems; concise, flexible; works well in long-term or ambulatory careDisadvantages of FocusNot multidisciplinary; difficult to identify chronologic order; progress notes may not relate to the care plan.Check-Backuses closed-loop communication to ensure that information conveyed by the sender is understood by the receiver as intended 1) sender initiates the message 2) receiver double-checks to ensure that the message was received 3) sender double-checks to ensure the message was received i.e. Doctor: Give 25 mg Benadryl IV push. Nurse: 25 mg Benadryl IV push? Doctor: That's correctAudit of RecordsDual purpose. 1st is quality assurance 2nd is ReimbursementNever Events-foreign object left in patient after surgery -air emboli -infusion with incompatible blood -Falls resulting in trauma -Catheter associated infections -Pressure UlcersHIPAAHealth Insurance Portability and Accountability Act that gives patients greater control over their medical recordsPoint of Care DocumentationPOC- documenting that takes place as care occurs. Promotes efficiency, accuracy and timelinessBatch ChartingWaiting to the end of the shift to record events on several patients; may cause nurse to omit important date of enter inaccurate informationFlow SheetsAre tables that have vertical columns to allow nurse to document and compare routine procedures, like vitalsCharting by ExceptionCBE- permits nurse to document only those findings that fall outside of standard values. -Standards met—sign or check off; standards not met—write narrative or SOAP noteCBE advantages-Efficient; use of flow sheets permitting rapid detection of changes in condition; outline normal assessments; can take -the place of plan of care Requires less time, easy to ID patient status, but will not protect nurse if there are legal challenges. "If it isn't charted, it did not happen"CBE disadvantagesExpensive to institute; in-servicing of staff is needed; not prevention focused; not appropriate for long-term or ambulatory careNarrative Nursing NotesInformation provided in written sentences or phrases; usually time sequencedSOAPsubjective objective assessment plan Focuses on one problem Plan of care is incorporated and outcomes includedSOAP AdvantagesAll charting focuses on identified patient problems; interdisciplinary—all team members can chart on the same progress notes; easy to track progress for identified problem; steps in the nursing process are mirrored.SOAP DisadvantagesDifficult to master. Specific focus makes it difficult to chart general information without identifying a problem; lengthy and time-consuming; assessment identification difficult for nurses and confusing, because assessment data are provided in S and O.what are the documentation standardsvariety of organizations that govern nursing documentation standards. federal and state regulations accrediting agencies - need specifics standards of documentation in order to be met reimbursement requirements toodocumentationrecord or proof of care that has been provided to a person .contained in the medical record Is considered a valuable source -all healthcare team members can access it communication of what type of care that was provided.medical recordas a communication tool reduces errors (patient progress, care provided, accurate and up to date movement towards EMR was mandated in 2014purpose of the medical recordlegal documentation - permanent record provide information of the status of the information and tell the care done can protect against a legal claim - if done accurately and complete -if incomplete can open up the institution or individuals to liability if its not documented its considered not done.assessment datareflects status / progress of patient data you will input data and trend data from previous individuals look back and see status of patientcare planindividualized to that patient to coordinate that care so that we can move and achieve the goals of the patientquality improvementregular audits of the medical record, determine if the standards of care being met and where to improve quality.reimbursementyour documentation helps the agency to become reimbursed medicare, medicaid, workers compensation and third party -insurance companies usually require specific criteria to be met to cover specific health related expenses. your documentation clarifies the type of treatment a patient receives and supports reimbursement to the health care agency.NEVER EVENTS -in 2008 medicare and medicade stopped reimbursing hospitals for what they considered hospital acquired complications that were preventable such as pressure ulcers, clab c cautis.researchchart reviews are completed for research studies ,these types of research studies still require approval by the agency even though they look at specified parts.educationalso for the purpose of teaching - when rounds are conducted, to teach students the nature of an illness and a patients response to this.organized documentationeach entry must show a logical and systematic grouping of important information of problem or occurrencelegal guidelines that help prevent malpractice or neglegant claims-correct all errors, record all facts, do not leave blank spaces -write legibly -if order was questioned, record that clarification was sought -chart only for yourself -avoid generalizations -begin each entry with the date and-time and end with your signature and title -keep your computer password secure.nursing progress notes-reflect a specific problem being addressed or care provided over a specific amount of timenarrative notes- written in paragraph or narrative form ( time consuming / hard to find imformation looking for)SOAP- subjective objective assessment planSOAPIE- includes intervention and evaluationPIE- talk about 1 problem - problem, -intervention, -evaluationFocus charting (DAR)focus charting method , problem area or nursing diagnosis. go to that list and see the problem areas of their patient.I PASS BATONtemplate used when provided some type of a patient hand offI- introduction-introduce yourself and the patientP-patient name and identifiersA- assessment:chief complaint, vital signs, symptoms, diagnosisS- situation -current status, code status, response to treatmentS- safety:critical labs, allergies, falls risk, isolation precaustionsB- background- co morbidities, family history, previous episodesA- actions:what actions were taken or are requiredT- timing:level of urgency, prioritize actionsO- ownership:who is responsible (nurse/doctor/team)N- next ;what will happen next ? what is the plan?incident/ occurrence reportcompleted when there is any usual happening to a patient or an employee