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Zepf Exam 2nd Quarter
Expansion, Andrew Jackson, Civil War
Terms in this set (119)
Was the government unified during the civil war?
20 mi from DC,
General McDowell vs Beauregard,
Stonewall Jackson southern hero
Spectators watched on picnic blankets
Battle of Bull Run
Was the war quick?
Major Battle: Lee met Mclellan at _________ Creek, Lee Fled and Mclellan didn't pursue
The _______ Act allowed blacks to to enlist in army
Were civil rights for blacks effected positively or negatively for blacks?
Major Battle: July 1-3, Lee vs Meade, Lee seized______, union retreated uphill, confed pursued up hill, lost, Lee retreats
Major Battle: "Key of War" Siege; confederacy was split
After the war, the south was: Devastated or Flourishing
Andrew Johnson as President
Vetoed everything. had no mercy, and was a huge racist
All persons born or naturalized in US = citizens
All citizens regardless of race = protection of the law
Changed balance btw federal and state power
All southern states rejected it, except Tennessee
1st Reconstruction Act
Gave military rule
Who believed the 14th amendment was too harsh
2nd Reconstruction Act
Military ensured blacks could vote
Black were or were not in congress?
Were, this was a huge change
Yankees who went south to seek profit
People who came to the south to help
Major Themes of Civil War
Growth and transformation, manifest destiny, expansion + genocide, individualism, social darwinism
Why move west?
Land, gold, cattle, lure of the frontier
The "every man for himself" type of idea
How did we pay for the RR?
Land grants, Gov't loans, private investors
Was a mine started by Henry Comstock who sold it for 10k and then it brought in hella loads of gold and silver
Destruction of Indians
1849 gold rush was the beginning of problems with the indians
Was our way to deal with all the indians that were in the way; reservations sucked
Name 2 transcendentalists
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Henry David Thoreau
Charles Grandison Finney
An important preacher in the revivalist movement
Ralph Waldo Emerson
United States writer and leading exponent of transcendentalism (1803-1882)
Desire to reform society - make it a better world
Henry David Thoreau
Transcendentalist; civil disobedience; gov. that violates individual morality has no legit authority
HE wanted people to reject greed and material items
Open, peaceful violation to laws that are unjust
Experimental communities designed to be perfect societies. Brook Farm, Fruitlands, Oneida
What happened to most mentally handicapped people in the late 1800s. Who campaigned to change this?
Sent to prisons, treated like animals
What was the temperance movement?
is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
What was the 2nd Great Awakening
Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century
Christian teachings can cure social ills (drinking, etc)
What caused the rise in crime rates
Increase in immigration and industrialization
What is the Auburn System
is a penal method of the 19th century in which persons worked during the day in groups and were kept in solitary confinement at night, with enforced silence at all times
Goal - reform criminals
Who led the initiative for public schools (teacher training and taxes to pay for it)
Who was Susan B Anthony
American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement
Who were the Grimke Sisters
Participants of the Women's suffrage movement
Who was Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Helped to hold the Seneca Falls Convention, women's suffrage movement
What is Abolitionism?
Name three men associated With abolitionism
William Lloyd Garrison
What is the declarations of sentiments
Document, outlining the rights that American women should be entitled to as citizens, that emerged from the Seneca Falls Convention in New York in July 1848
What rights were not provided to women?
Occupations were closed to woman (medical and law)
When they worked they were paid a fraction of the men's pay
They had no means to gain an education - no universities would accept them
What was America infatuated with btw 1830-1850
What helped people expand?
What was the Missouri Compromise
In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, the Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state
19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitabl
Said Go West Young Man
Ran for President on the campaign of expansion
Did he win???
Ran for President - was anti-expansion of Texas
Did he win?
Covered wagons were used to reach lands west on these overland trails
Went from 1 to 5k migrants
Took 6 months
US Mexican War
Dispute with Mexico over land (Texas)
Free Soil party 1847-1848
political movement that opposed the expansion of slavery into the western territories
President Zachary Taylor
succeeded Polk as president, supported the admission of CA as a free state
Whig, unexpectedly died while Douglas was passing the Compromise, aiding in his efforts
Gold Rush of 1849
the movement of thousands of people to CA looking for gold; led to CA population explosion
Lewis Cass's idea of popular sovereignty called for
the citizens of a territory to decide the fate of slavery in that territory.
Defended slavery; remove south from the union
a law that allowed voters in Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether to allow slavery
Kansas with slavery would violate the Missouri Compromise, which had kept the Union from falling apart for the last thirty-four year
Describe the North and South before Civil War
North - developing, industrial and some agriculture, had RR and canals - growth was fast, had meat, corn and whet
Hubs: Chicago (gateway to the west)
South - grew but did not develop, cotton, slavery
banned Congress from debating abolition
old hickory; indian fighter; 7th POTUS
The Nullification Crisis
Crisis and Jackson's Response to Nullification. This was the scene in 1832, when South Carolina adopted the ordinance to nullify the tariff acts and label them unconstitutional. Despite sympathetic voices from other Southern states, South Carolina found itself standing alone
Secretary of Treasury under Jackson, helped Jackson create Pet Bank scheme
Pet banks were:
state banks that received federal government deposits
AJ believed the Second Bank had too much power over the economy, and therefore should be destroyed.
Nicholas Biddle became the new President of the Second Bank. An enemy to Jackson. Biddle applied for the Bank's re-charter four years early, believing that if Jackson were to veto the charter, the common people would be outraged and it would cost Jackson his re-election. Big fight!
People mad at Biddle!
The Specie Circular
United States presidential executive order issued by President Andrew Jackson in 1836 pursuant to the Coinage Act and carried out by his successor, President Martin Van Buren. It required payment for government land to be in gold and silver.
2 rivals of AJ
John C Calhoun
Describe the Democrat Party
Anti special privledge
Describe the Whig party
Anti - AJ
National bank supporters
Commercial and industrial interests
What party helped establish the Republican Party?
Free Soil Party
Why did the Whig party disolve
Over the issue of slavery in the west
Dred Scott Decision
He resided in a free state and territory (where slavery was prohibited) was not thereby entitled to his freedom; that African Americans were not and could never be citizens of the United States
How did Lincoln feel about slavery
No expansion of slavery into new territories
Stephen Douglas's doctrine that, in spite of the Dred Scott decision, slavery could be excluded from territories of the United States by local legislation.
This widened the split between north and south democrats
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people. They decide rules for slaves.
John Brown's Raid
tried to overtake a federal arsenal in hopes of starting a slave revolt
Who was John Brown
He was convicted of murder, inciting a slave revolt and treason and was hung as a traitor although revered by many anti-slavery factions in the North as a patriot and a martyr to the cause.
Song for him
What state led the succession crisis
What is the CSA
During the American Civil War, the Confederate States of America consisted of the governments of 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union in 1860-61, carrying on all the affairs of a separate government and conducting a major war until defeated in the spring of 1865.
Former Tennessee governor whose victory at San Jacinto in 1836 won Texas its independence
What treaty ended American Mexico War
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
purchase of land from mexico in 1853 that established the present U.S.-mexico boundary
What started the Mexico America War
Tension over US annexations of Texas
What was the result of the Mexico America War
Huge Territory gains for US
General; set blockade on Rio Grande, this led to war
What military leaders helped win MX-AM war
Robert E Lee
Ulysses S Grant
conquered Mexico City during the Mexican American War
Nickname - Old fuss and feathers
Led Mormons west to practice, developed Salt Lake City
What made Americans want to settle in Texas?
Fertile soil, cheap land to grow cotton.
a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s
emotional gatherings where people came together to hear sermons and declare their faith
William Loyd Garrison
The most outspoken white abolitionist who wrote the newpaper called the Liberator
The freeing of slaves - no payment to slaveholders
David Walker's Appeal
Free black resident of Boston; militant abolitionists, wrote Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World
Escaped slave and great black abolitionist who fought to end slavery through political action
Was taught how to read and write by slave owner's wife
Worked but was not allowed to keep wages
Successful book - speaking tour in Great Britain
Led the most famous slave revolt in 1831; his band killed 60 whites, he was later captured and hung. Led to whites killing more blacks
Period before a war especially the American Civil War
Seneca Falls Convention
the first national women's rights convention at which the Declaration of Sentiments was written
Who led the Seneca Falls Convention
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott
the act of withdrawing from an alliance or association
Compromise of 1850
Devised by Henry Clay
The result - California was free state, new and more strict Fugitive Slave Law, ended Slave Trade in DC
Stephen Douglas's said popular sovereignty should dictate slavery in western US
Civil War Dates
This battle was the bloodiest single day of the Civil War.
Lincoln viewed secession as________ that would lead to ___________
Rejection of democracy
Civil War began _______(date) and (location) _______
April 12, 1861
Lincoln's speech to honor fallen soldiers
Population, industry (more factories, more supplies), Railroad, established army + navy (south has no navy)
better leaders; fighting on own land, motivated.
Wanted to give slaves full and equal rights
What was the peninsula campaign
Major Union offensive against the Confederate capital of Richmond led by Major General George B. McClellan 1862
What ended the peninsula campaign
Seven Day's Battle
After Bull Run, Lincoln asked who to lead the union?
Who was the commander of the confederate army at Antietam; what did he do; what did McClellan do
Robert E Lee
Let an outnumbered army slip away (and then he was fired)
Document that forced enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces.
Riots broke out
Who were leaders for both sides at Gettysburg
General Lee and General Meade
shermans march to the sea
sherman/ some 60000 troops set out to march across Georgia; burnt city and destroyed everything.
Lee had to finally surrender
Lee and Grant met where to surrender
Appomattox Court House
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