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244 terms

Medical Terminology

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Erythrocytes
red blood cells
hemolysin
a substance that causes hemolysis
Carcinogen
adj. substance, one that causes cancer
ophthalmopathy
any disease of the eye
pyromaniac
a person having characteristics of pyromania
osteitis
inflammation of a bone
myalgia
muscular pain
nasal
adj. pertaining to the nose
encephalocele
herniation of part of the brain through an opening in the skull (also called cerebral)
microscopy
the process of viewing things which are small
-centesis
surgical puncture
-ectomy
surgical removal
-pexy
surgical fixation
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
-scopy
visual examination with a lighted instrument
-tripsy
surgical crushing
hemorrhage
excessive bleeding
colectomy
excision of the colon
ophthalmotomy
incision of the eye
encephalotome
instrument used in encephalotomy to incise the brain
otoplasty
plastic surgery of the ear
neurotripsy
surgical crushing of a nerve
angiorrhaphy
suture of a vessel
blepharedema
swelling of the eyelid
otoscopy
visual examination of the ear
CT
computed tomography
CXR
chest x-ray
ECG
electrocardiogram
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
WNL
within normal limits
Bx
biopsy
OD
Overdose; right eye
OTC
over the counter
Rx
prescription
Tx
treatment
acromeagly
enlargement of the extemities
chirospasm
writers cramp
dactlyogram
a mark or record of a finger print
distal
opposite of proximal- further from the point of origin
dysplasia
is the abnormal development of an organ or tissue
hyperactive
excessively active
incisional
adj. pertaining to an incision
intravenous
within a vein
pronation
act of lying prone, downward & assumption of a supine position
recumbent
laying down
postnasal
lying or occuring behind the nose
suprathoracic
above the chest
unilateral
affecting only one side
diplopia
double vision
hypertrophy
increases in size by enlarging individual cells
abdominopelvic
adj. abdomen & pelvis
afebrile
adj. without fever
bradyphasia
abnormally slow speech
contralateral
occuring on the opposite side
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
inferior
below
intramuscular
within a muscle
omphaloma
ask
anatomy
study of structure
plantar
pertaining to sole
VS
vital signs
BSA
body surface area
PA
posteroanterior
PE
physical examination
b.i.n.
twice a night
q.
every
t.i.d.
three times a day
p.r.n.
as needed
PO
by mouth
a.c.
before meals
thrombocytopenia
insufficiency of blood platelets
erythrocytosis
an increase in the number of erythrocytes
syncope
fainting
karomegaly
abnormal enlargement of a cell nucleus
anisocytosis
cells are not of equal size
hematoma
localized collection of blood
hyperemia
excess of blood in part of the body
coagulate
to cause to clot or become clotted
hematopoiesis
production of blood, specifically the formation & development of its cells
infection
invasion & multiplication of microorganisms in body tissue
aplastic
having no tendency to develop new tissue
fibronolysis
the destruction of fibrin
nosocomial
hospital acquired
nucleoid
resembling a nucleus
toxicity
the degree to which something is poisonous or condition that results from exposure to a toxin
toxoid
helpful form of toxin
poikilocytes
red blood cells that have an abnormal shape
pathogenic
adj. capable of causing disease
hypochromia
condition in which the red blood cells have a below normal amount of color
phagocytes
cells that digest debris
susceptibility
lack of resistance
hemophilia
hereditary bleeding disorder
polymorphonuclear
adj. many shaped nucleus
thrombectomy
surgical removal of a blood clot
microbiology
special/ small branch of biology
DOB
date of birth
CDC
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention
HX, hx
health history
PT
prothrombin time & physical therapy
HIPPA
Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act
RBC
red blood cell; red blood count
TSS
Toxic Shock Syndrome
HPF
high power field
Rh
rheus factor
WMD
weapons of mass Destruction
cardiomyopathy
general diagnostic term that designates primary myocardial disease
ischemia
insufficient blood flow to an area
cyanosis
is a blue discoloration of the skin & mucous membranes
anoxia
abnormal condition characterized by absence of oxygen
arteriosclerosis
thickening & loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries
aneurysm
is a localized dilation or ballooning out of the wall of a blood vessel
phlebostasis
spontaneous slowing down of blood flow in a vein, or the result of a deliberate act in which one compresses the vein to control the flow of blood temporarily
tonsillar
pertaining to a tonsil
splenoptosis
downward displacement of the spleen
hypotension
decreased blood pressure
paroxysmal
occurring in sudden, repeated episodes
sphygmomanometer
apparatus that measures blood pressure
cardiovascular
adj. pertaining to the heart & blood vessels
pulmonary
adj. pertaining to the lungs
coronary arteries
arteries that supply blood to the heart
venipuncture
opening of a vein to draw blood
occlusion
obstruction or closure
vasodilation
stretching or dilation of a vessel
edema
abnormal accumulation of fluid
antihypertensive
adj. counteracting high blood pressure
metastasis
process by which malignant tumor cells spread to distant parts of the body
cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
pericardium
membranous sac which encloses the heart
arteriole
minute arterial branch
embolus
foreign matter that circulates in the blood stream
ECHO
echocardiography
BP
blood pressure
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
CCU
critical care unit
LA
left atrium
T & A
tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CHF
congestive heart failure
CA
carcinoma
MI
myocardial infarction
spirometry
measures ventilation (the ability of the lungs to move air)
emphysema
characterized by over inflation & destruction of the alveolar walls
tracheostenosis
narrowing of the lumen of the trachea
pneumohemothorax
accumulation of air & blood in the pleural cavity
bronchodilator
expands the bronchi & other aidr passages
phrenoptosis
prolapsed or downward displacement of the diaphragm
bradynea
slow breathing
antitussive
adj. an agent that prevents or relieves coughing
mesothelioma
rare malignant tumor
hemoptysis
spitting of blood & blood stained sputum
hyperoxemia
increased oxygen content of the blood
tracheotomy
incisions of the trachea through the neck below the larynx
lethargic
adj. state of dullness, sluggishness or prolonged sleepiness/ drowsiness
empyema
pleural effusion (collection of fluid) contains pus
aspiration
drawing in & out by suction
laryngectomy
excision of the larynx
broncholithiasis
stones are present in the bronchi
AFB
acid-fast bacillus
LLL
left lower lobe
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COLD
chronich obstructive lung disease
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome
URI
upper respiratory infection
SARS
sudden acute respiratory syndrome
O2
oxygen
SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome
SOB
shortness of breath
diverticulosis
condition of pouch like herniations in tubular organ
hematemesis
vomiting of blood
botulism
type of food poisoning caused by pathogenic bacteria
dysentery
inflammation of the intestines
fistulas
abnormal passages between internal organs
villi
finger like projections
glossorrhaphy
suture of the tongue
gastrectasis
abnormal stretching of the stomach
peristalsis
movement of food particles through the digestive tract
stomatomycosis
fungal infection of the mouth
intussusceptions
telescopic folding back of the bowel into itself
achalasia
abnormal condition charaterized by the inability of a muscle to relax
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
examination of the esophagus, stomach & duodenum
hepatotoxic
adj. substance which is destructive to the liver
gerodontics
branch of dentistry that deals with the dental problems of older persons
laparoscopic cholecystectomy
surgical excision of the gallbladder through a small incision in the abdomen
ascites
accumulation of abdominal fluid
retrocolic
adj. behind the colon
IBD
inflammatory bowel disease
BMI
body mass index
RDA
recommended dietary allowance
IC
irritable colon
TPN
total parenteral nutrition
EGD
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
DM
diabetes mellitus
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
UGI
upper gastrointestinal (or upper GI) series
HBV
hepatitus B virus
IBS
irritable bowel syndrome
urinary reflux
abnormal backward or return flow of urine from the bladder into the ureters
uropathy
any disease or abnormal condition of the urinary tract
lithotrite
instrument which crushes stone
antispasmodics
drugs or other agents that prevents muscle spasms
cystometrography
process which provides information about the effectiveness of the bladder wall muscle
transureteroureterostomy
surgical connection of one ureter to another
nephrolithiasis
condition caused by the presence of kidney stones
hypotension
decreased blood pressure
pyelolithotomy
surgical removal of a stone from the renal pelvis
urinometer
instrument that measures the specific gravity of urine
diuretic
adj. an agent that causes the body to eliminate more water in the form of urine
enuresis
inability to control urination
urinalysis
examination of urine
arteriography
recording of arterial blood supply
Interrenal
adj. between the kidneys
oliguria
diminished capacity to form urine
nycturia
excessive urination at night (nocturia)
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate
UA
urinalysis
GFR
glomerular filtration rate
I & O
intake & output
BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
PSA
prostate-specific antigen
KUB
kidneys, ureters and bladder
UTI
urinary tract infection
pH
potential of hydrogen
leiomyoma
benign tumor
spermatogenesis
production of mature, functional sperm capable of participating in conception
colpocystitis
inflammation of the vagina and urinary bladder
dysplasia
change in shape, growth & number of cells
asymptomatic
adj. without symptoms
cryptorchidism
failure of one or both testes to descend into the scrotum
mittelschmerz
abdominal pain in the region of an ovary during ovulation
ovulation
release of ovum from the follicle
oophoralgia
ovarian pain
metritis
inflammation of uterine tissue
ectopic
adj. situated away from its normal place or location
cystocele
protrusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina
laparoscopy
examination of the abdominal cavity
menses
normal flow of blood during menstruation
epididymitis
inflammation of the epididymus
menstrual cycle
monthly cycle of growth and discharge of the endometrium
paraurethral
adj. near the urethra
puberty
stage of development when genitalia reach maturity & secondary sex characteristics appear
gynecologic/ gynecology
pertaining to study of diseases that occur in females
metrorrhagia
uterine bleeding other than that caused by menstruation