84 terms

English Study Guide Chapters 1-4

Put the definitions for 'action verb', 'linking verb', 'direct object', 'indirect object', 'predicate nominative', and 'predicate adjective' on the quiz correctly for two points each!
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

sentence
A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought
complete subject
The complete subject is the subject of a sentence and all of its modifiers
simple subject
The simple subject is the main word or words in the complete subject
complete predicate
The complete predicate is the verb of a sentence and all of its modifiers
simple predicate
The simple predicate is the main word or words in the complete predicate
verb
A verb is a word used to express an action, a condition, or a state of being
linking verb
A linking verb tells what the subject is
action verb
An action verb tells what the subject does even when the action cannot be seen
verb phrase
A verb phrase is made up of a main verb and one or more helping verbs
main verb
A main verb can stand by itself as the simple predicate of a sentence.
helping verb
Helping verbs help main verbs express action or show time.
compound subject
A compound subject is made up of two or more subjects that share the same verb.
compound verb
A compound verb is made up of two or more verbs that have the same subject.
complement
A complement is a word or group of words that completes the meaning of a verb.
subject complement
A subject complement is a word or group of words that follows a linking verb and renames or describes the subject.
predicate noun (PN)
A predicate noun follows a linking verb and defines or renames the subject.
predicate adjective (PA)
A predicate adjective follows a linking verb and describes a quality of the subject.
direct object (DO)
A direct object is a word or group of words that names the receiver of the action.
indirect object (IO)
An indirect object is a word or group of words that tells to (or for) whom or what an action is performed.
sentence fragment
A sentence fragment is a part of a sentence that is written as if it were a complete sentence.
run-on sentence
A run-on sentence consists of two or more sentences written as though they were a single sentence.
Principal parts of a verb
present, present participle, past, and past participle
Helping verbs are used for what principle parts of a verb?
present participle and past participle
Irregular verb
a verb whose past and past participle forms are not made by adding -ed or -d to the present
What is the first rule for irregular verbs?
The forms of present, past, and past participle are the same. (e.g. burst)
What is the second rule for irregular verbs?
The forms of the past and the past participle are the same. (e.g. shot)
What is the third rule for irregular verbs?
The past participle is formed by adding -n or -en to the past.
What is the fourth rule for irregular verbs?
The past participle is formed from the present, often by adding -n or -en.
What is the fifth rule for irregular verbs?
The last vowel changes from i in the present, to a in the past, to u in the past participle.
What are the present forms of the verb be?
Am, are, is
What are the past forms of the verb be?
Was, were
What is the past participial form of the verb be?
Has been
Pronoun
A word that is used in place of a noun or another pronoun.
Antecedent
The word that a pronoun refers to.
Personal pronouns
Pronouns like I, we, she, it, and them. (?)
Person (list the options)
First person, second person, and third person
Number (list the options)
Singular and plural
Case (list the options)
Subject, object, and possessive
Case
Tells the reader what job the pronoun is doing in the sentence.
Subject pronoun
Used as the subject of a sentence or as a predicate pronoun after a linking verb.
Predicate pronoun
Follows a linking verb and identifies the subject (use the subject case).
Object pronoun
Used as a direct object, indirect object, or an object of the preposition.
Pronoun direct object
Receives the action of a verb and answers the question whom or what.
Pronoun indirect object
Tells to whom or what or for whom or what an action is performed.
Pronoun object of a preposition
Follows a preposition.
Possessive pronoun
A personal pronoun used to show ownership or relationship.
Reflexive pronoun
Refers to the subject and directs the action of the verb back to the subject.
Intensive pronoun
Emphasizes a noun or another pronoun within the same sentence.
Interrogative pronoun
Used to introduce a question.
Use of who (what case?)
Subject case
Use of whom (what case?)
Object case
Demonstrative pronoun
Points out a person, place, thing, or idea.
Indefinite pronoun
Does not refer to a specific person, place, thing, or idea.
Rule for using we or us when followed by a noun
Use we when the pronoun is a subject or predicate pronoun. Use us when the pronoun is an object.
First Person Singular Subject
I
Second Person Singular Subject
You
Third Person Singular Subject
He, She, It
First Person Plural Subject
We
Second Person Plural Subject
You
Third Person Plural Subject
They
First Person Singular Object
Me
Second Person Singular Object
You
Third Person Singular Object
Him, Her, It
First Person Plural Object
Us
Second Person Plural Object
You
Third Person Plural Object
Them
First Person Singular Possessive
My, Mine
Second Person Singular Possessive
Your, Yours
Third Person Singular Possessive
His, Her, Hers, Its
First Person Plural Possessive
Our, Ours
Second Person Plural Possessive
Your, Yours
Third Person Plural Possessive
Their, Theirs
Number
...
Personal pronoun
Pronouns like we, I, she, them, and it
Case (list the options
Subject, object, and possessive
Noun
A word that names a person, place, thing, or idea.
Common noun
A general name for a person, place, thing, or idea.
Proper noun
The name of a particular person, place, thing, or idea.
Concrete noun
Names a thing that can be seen, heard, smelled, touched, or tasted
Abstract noun
Names an idea, feeling, quality, or characteristic
Collective noun
Names a group of people or things
Singular noun
Names one person, place, thing, or idea
Plural noun
Names more than one person, place, thing, or idea
Possessive form of a noun
Shows ownership or relationship