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American History Semester 1 Final Review Guide
Terms in this set (60)
Who is Alexander Graham Bell?
A scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who created the telephone.
Which two railroads combined to create the first transcontinental railroad?
Union Pacific and Central Pacific
Which railroad started in Omaha, NE?
Which group of people worked on the Central Pacific railroad?
The idea that the government should stay out of economic affairs. It means "hands off".
Process by which a society transforms from primarily agricultural toone based on manufacturing.
Define "vertical integration"
A steel company that owns the coal mines, limestone quarries, and iron ore fields it depends on.
When a single producer controls an entire market.
Fear of Foreigners
Define "pull factor"
Refers to the lure of new lands
Define "push factor"
Refers to the pressure on people to leave their homes
What is the difference between an emigrant and an immigrant?
Emigrant is moving within your own country. Immigrant is when you move to a completely new country.
What was the Credit Mobilizer?
Corruption that occurred due to the rise of the railroads
What led to the Panic of 1893?
Railroad mismanagement, abuse, corruption, overbuilding, and competition
Fill in the blanks:European immigrants were processed at ______ Island and Asian immigrants were processed at ______Island
The separation of races.
Growth of cities
One early group of crusading progressives, were writers who investigated social conditions and exposed political corruption.
What happened in Plessy vs. Ferguson?
Legalized segregation was imposed upon African Americans
What services could immigrants receive at settlement houses?
Why did farmers move to cities?
Running water, electricity, plumbing was in the major cities, better paying jobs, larger variety of jobs, and more entertainment possibilities.
Which President was known as a trust buster?
What did President Roosevelt accomplish during his Presidency? (think progressive movement...not imperialism)
Known as a trustbuster for his work against the Northern Securities
What did President Taft accomplish during his Presidency? (think progressive movement...not imperialism)
Broke with the other Progressives over the issue of Tariffs
What did President Wilson accomplish during his Presidency? (think progressive movement...not imperialism)
Had a reform movement known as "New Freedom".
Define "White Man's Burden"
Idea that it is America's duty to "help" certain areas of the world become more civilized by spreading ideas and Christianity.
Economic and political domination of a strong nation over weaker nations
Define "yellow journalism"
"Reporting which exaggerates stories in order to lure reader"
Define "Platt Amendment"
It made Cuba a virtual protectorate of the United States
Define "Hay-Pauncefote Treaty"
Gave the USA the right to build and control a canal through central America
Define "Treaty of Paris, 1898"
Ended the Spanish American War
Define "Foraker Act"
Denied US citizenship to Puerto Ricans
A country who affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power
What were the two main reasons for American imperialism?
Resources needed for Industrialization and need for new technology
Why was the USA interested in Cuba and Hawaii?
Who were Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst?
Yellow Journalists whose reporting sparked the war.
Who controlled the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Guam, and Cuba in the early 1890s?
What three events led to the start of the Spanish-American War?
Yellow Journalism, The De Lome Letter, and The USS Maine Explosion
President Roosevelt's foreign policy focused on which area of the world? Think "big stick" policy.
President Taft's foreign policy focused on which area of the world? Think Dollar Diplomacy.
Increase the USA's Power
President McKinley's foreign policy focused on which area of the world? Think Open Door Policy.
What does the (M) mean in MAIN?
What does the (A) mean in MAIN?
What does the (I) mean in MAIN?
What does the (N) mean in MAIN?
Who was President of the USA during WWI?
Who was the first country to declare war?
When did WWI officially begin?
When did the United States enter WWI?
What new technology was used during WWI?
Aerial combat and gas attacks
How did the role of women change during WWI?
Women officially served in the armed forces
What was the primary type of fighting?
What happened to American politics after WWI? Did we become more imperialist or more isolationist?
What happened in Germany after WWI and the Treaty of Versailles had been signed?
Germany took the blame for the entire war and paid all expenses.
What was the Red scare?
Communists would seize power in the United States
What was the FBI originally formed to do?
Raid the headquarters of radical organizations in order to look for evidence of a communist conspiracy.
What were some of the issues faced by Americans after WWI?
Racial Tension, Fear of communists, and High cost of living
What was the Fourteen Points? What were some of the things it called for?
Wilson's plan for peace
Who were the "Big Four"?
The United States, France, Britain, and Italy
What were the consequences faced by Germany after WWI (What did the Treaty say they had to do?)?
They had to give up most of their army
They had to pay all expenses for the war
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