43 terms

World Geo Exam

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Terms in this set (...)

Geogrphy
the study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere
Cartographer
A person who draws or produces maps.
Grid System
a system of east, west, north, south lines on the globe
Hemisphere
one of the halves of the earth divided by the Equator and Prime Meridian There are 4
Cardinal/Intermediate Directions
directions on the compass
Absolute Location
location of one place using an address or latitude and longitude
Relative Location
location of one place in relation to another in terms of direction, money or time
Scale & Distance
the ratio of a distance on a map
Key
shows what things mean on the map
Map Projection
representing the surface
Latitude Lines
horizontal lines on the map
Longitude Lines
vertical lines on the map
Prime Meridian
north south line at 0 degrees longitude
Equator
east-west line at 0 degrees latitude
Atlas
used to find out where you are, contains maps
Tributary
smaller rivers that feed into a larger river
Archipelago
a group of islands
Glaciers
large mass of ice formed over the years and moving very slowly
Population
the amount of people in an area or place
Literacy Rate
the rate/percentage of people who can read in a country
Life Expectancy
the age/percentage of a person's life span in a country
Population Distribution
population patterns in a place/area
Culture
learned system of shared beliefs and ways of doing things that guide a person's daily behavior
Urban Area
an area that has cities
Rural Area
area of open land that is often used for farming
Globe
3D scale model of the earth
Compass Rose
used on maps to indicate the points of the compass
Tributary
smaller stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river
Peninsula
land bordered by water on three sides
Exports
to ship (commodities/items) to other countries or places for sale, exchange, etc
Canal
an artificial/man-made waterway for navigation, irrigation, etc
Continental Divide
the crest of the Rocky Mountains that divides North America's rivers into those that flow eastward and those that flow westward
Province
administrative divisions of a country
Glacier
large, slow moving sheets or rivers of ice
Physical
indicates the location of landforms like deserts, mountains and plains, plus major bodies of water
Political
shows governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties, the location of major cities
List Major Oceans
Atlantic, Arctic, Pacific, Indian
How many continents?
7: Africa, Australia, South America, Antarctica, North America, Asia, Europe
Name 2 Major US Mountain Ranges
Rockies, Appalachian
Where can you find the following: Amazon Basin, Pampas, Andes, Angel Falls?
Amazon Basin: Brazil, South America
Pampas: Argentina, South America
Andes: Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Chile & Argentina, South America
Angel Falls: Venezuela, South America
What are the 5 themes of geography and examples?
1. Location: the position on the earth's surface
Tells us where a point in on the earth's surface. It also tells us how far a point is from other points.
Examples:
Relative Location: I live next to the Target on Silverado Ranch Blvd.
Absolute Location: My address is 1234 ABC Lane, Las Vegas, NV

2. Place: tells us special features an area might have using physical and human characteristics.
Physical characteristics: type of landforms, bodies of water, weather, or climate
Human characteristics: how the people, work, play, and move around

3. Human/Environment: how people react to and sometimes change their environment
Examples: describe how the seasons affect people at home, at work, and play

4. Movement: describes how people, products, and ideas get from one place to another
Examples:
People use cars, plans, and bikes to get from place to place
A shirt made in India is shipped to the U.S. for Old Navy Clothing.
A reporter sends his article/story over the Internet to his newspaper editor.

5. Regions: areas of the earth that are alike in some way or the other
Examples:
Regions based on physical features: mountains, deserts, forests, etc.
Regions based on cultural features: languages, religions, cultures, etc.
What is the national capital of the US?
Washington DC
What is the national capital of Canada?
Ottowa