Biology Unit 3
Terms in this set (58)
A subatomic particle with a negative charge
a subatomic particle with a positive charge
a subatomic particle with no charge (it's neutral)
light going through an object
light being given off by an object
when an electron gains enough energy to jump energy levels and gives off a photon of light as it goes back to normal.
the color White
reflection of all wavelengths
the color black
the absence of reflection
how frequent the wave lengths are
a chain of four or more molecules put together
proteins that speed up biological reactions (its a type of catalyst)
the amount of energy that a reaction requires to occur
Enzyme Substance complex
an area where the protein and the molecule intertwine
the main source of energy, also can be used for structural purposes
used to store energy ( they are made out of fatty acids, therefore they are not polymers )
used to build muscle and to transport substances from inside a cell to outside a cell or vise versa
store and transmit heredity information
Has four bonding sites, resulting in being able to make many covalent bonds with other elements and itself.
What ending do sugars have?
Proteins are made out of..
Where does photosynthesis occur?
When does photosynthesis occur?
During Sunlight Hours
What are the reactants of photosynthesis?
Water, ADP, NADP
What are the products of Photosynthesis?
Oxygen, ATP, NADPH
Why is the calvin cycle necessary?
The calvin cycle makes the sugar easier to transport to the mitochondria.
Where does the Calvin Cycle take place?
When does the calvin cycle occur?
What are the reactants of the calvin cycle?
Carbon Dioxide, ATP, NADPH
What are the products of the Calvin Cycle?
Glucose, ADP, NADP
Electron Transport Train
moves hydrogen atoms from outside the membrane to inside.
Why is it Hydrogen that is taken by the Electron Transport train? why not a different element?
It is easiest to grab
Where does Cellular Respiration take place?
What is the mitochondria?
The powerhouse of the cell
When does Cellular Respiration take place?
What are the reactants of cellular respiration?
What are the products of cellular respiration?
removal of waste from the body
reddish brown, shaped like beans, little bit bigger than your fist, they moniter the amount of salt and amino acids in the blood stream.
salt is also known as an....
What do the Kidneys do if there is too much salt?
They put more water into your system to flush out the salt.
What happens if there are too many amino acids?
Amino acids can break down into ammonia which kills cells.
tricks your body into thinking that you have too much water
Examples of Diuretics?
Puts hormones into you, gives fight or flight reactions
Creates insulin and regulates blood sugar
a hormone that brings your blood sugar up by slowing down cells and turns glycogen back into glucose.
a hormone that brings your blood sugar up by slowing down cells and turns glycogen back into glucose
increases heart rate and blood pressure
increases conversion of glycogen to glucose and stimulates the rate of cellular respiration
moves nutrients around your body
How many chambers does the heart have?
When the ventricles contract
Which chambers of the heart are the atriums?
Which chambers of the heart are the ventricles?
takes blood away from the heart
Where nutrients is exchanged
takes blood back to the heart
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