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AP World History Time Period 3
Terms in this set (67)
Began in Han Dynasty extending from China to Europe/Mediterranean; Spread technology and spread Islam and Buddhism; Revived during Mongol reign of China and was how the Black Plague spread. Revived because trade was valued due to nomad status
Indian Ocean Trade Routes
Post China silk road, was brought about because Europe had new maritime technology; Connected India to China to Africa to trade gold, spices, cloths, slaves; spread Islam and Bhuddism, enabled new monasteries on port cities
Transported Gold, Salt, slaves, and other goods between N. Africa; used camels and caravans
People associated with "Black Africa"; a language and culture that spread throughout Africa and subsequently created various versions of the same language
(202 BCE-220 CE) Began Silk Road Trade. This dynasty was a time of prosperity that continued the centralization of the Qin Dynasty, but focused on Confucianism and education instead of Legalism. Ditched harsh ruling and introduced the civil exam rather than by family line, introducing merit
(589-618 CE) The short dynasty between the Han and the Tang; built the Grand Canal, rebuilt Great Wall, strengthened the government, and introduced Buddhism to China; extremely harsh rule
(618-907 CE) The Chinese dynasty that was much like the Han, who used Confucianism. This dynasty had the equal-field system, a bureaucracy based on merit, and a Confucian education system; more freedom for women
(960-1279 CE) Emphasis on Arts rather than military. Many advances in medicines, science, and technology. China became much more influential to other countries. Inventions such as magnetic compass and Navy. Started binding feet.
Created after fall of Rome. Eastern portion became Byzantine with centralized rule under Constantine I/Justinian, while West became divided city-states. Adopted Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which they spread to Russia after Great Schism. Ottoman's finally conquered it after many attempts.
Islamic states that are ruled by a caliph.
(661-750 CE) Mu'awiya was the ruler, adopted Byzantine financial systems; start of Islamic architecture, Arabic language as cultural language, split of Islam and diversity of beliefs; women had more rights, were more educated; system of checks and letters with value for economy; capital moved from Mecca to Demascus; agricultural innovations diffused through conquest
(750-945 CE) Persian peninsula, Baghdad, Mecca; rose when people were dissatisfied with Umayyad rulers; culture and intellectual learning was valued, universities were established, encouraged rational thought; women had few rights; caliphs were on top, outsiders were treated very well; center of world trade system
Northern nomadic tribes that threatened Chinese rule. They successfully conquered China under Genghis Khan rule and became a huge empire that linked western and eastern Eurasia. They practiced moving newly conquered people around the empire and moved some skilled workers to areas that they needed them. Tolerant of various religions.
The four regions run by different Mongol generals/knights that formed to avoid arguments after the death of Genghis Kahn. These split the Mongolian Kingdom
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
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