Civics Final (Caleb "Sniped" Williamson)
Terms in this set (48)
Under _____ power is shared by the national government and the states
Gives Congress the ability to make laws necessary and proper to carry out the powers given in the other clauses. It lets Congress stretch its powers to meet the situations the Founders could have never anticipated
The government may not establish a religion.
The constitution laws passed by Congress and treaties of the United States are the supreme law of the land and when states conflict with federal laws, the federal laws win
Equal Protection Clause
requires every state to treat all citizens equal under the law
taking a bill to death by delaying a vote until the bill's sponsor gives up and withdraws the bill
Checks and Balances
Each branch of government is able to check or restrain the power of the others
List 3 Examples of Checks and Balances
1. President can veto bills proposed by congress
2. Congress can reject appointments of the President
3. Supreme Court can overturn laws
Guarantees Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Speech, Freedom of the Press, Freedom of Assembly, and Freedom to Petition the Government
protects the rights of people accused of crimes (No double jeopardy, Right to silence etc.)
Guarantees the right to a public trial, the right to a lawyer, the right to a jury, and the right to a speedy trial
protects against excessive bail, excessive fines, and cruel and unusual punishment.
Limits the president to 2 terms in office or 10 years in office
The power the president has to refuse to sign a bill
If the President does nothing with a bill for 10 days and Congress is adjourned the bill dies
the idea that government must act fairly according to established rules
the determination of the proportional number of members each US state sends to the House of Representatives, based on population figures.
Brown V. Board
Ended segregation in public schools
Miranda V. Arizona
Police arrested a man and questioned him but the police had not told Miranda his rights so the court threw out every question he had answered. Miranda was still convicted of his crime.
Mapp V. Ohio
Court threw out evidence which was obtained illegally without a warrant.
Texas V. Johnson
Allowed people to burn the American Flag bc the first amendment protects against unpopular speech.
Marbury V. Madison
Marbury was made a justice of the peace on the last day of president's john Adams presidency and Thomas Jefferson (the new president) cancelled the order. Marbury won the case and the case gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the Constitution
the process by which American courts have applied portions of the U.S. Bill of Rights to the states. Prior to 1925, the Bill of Rights was held only to apply to the federal government.
What are the Powers of the President (Need to know 3)
1. Veto bills passed in Congress
2. Call Congress into special session (State of the Union)
3. Serve as Commander and Chief of the armed forces
4. receive leaders of other countries
5. Make treaties with Senate approval
6. Appoint heads of executive agencies, federal judges, ambassadors with Senate approval
7. Pardon or reduce penalties of people convicted of federal crimes
What are the differences in the legislative process in the House and the Senate?
The House has the Rules Committee, while the Senate can use a filibuster
What were the differences between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution?
the articles didn't give congress the power to collect taxes. Also didn't allow for the Judicial and Executive office. The constitution allowed for all of this and gave more regulations for what the government can do. Also created the two branches of Congress.
How is representation in the Congress determined?
The House of Representatives members are based on a state's population. The States have 2 senators no matter the population of the State
What were the differences between the positions of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists?
The Federalists supported a strong national government The Anti-Federalists thought the original constitution gave too much power to the national government.
How is an amendment made to the Constitution?
1. Congress can propose with a 2/3 majority vote in both the house and senate
2. To ratify, 3/4 of all states' legislatures must vote yes.
How does a bill become a law
The bill is presented in Congress, and it then must make it out of committees. After it makes it out of Congress it must be approved by the president.
How are Federal Judges appointed?
Federal Judges are nominated by the President and approved by Congress.
No search and seizure without a warrant.
War Powers Act
federal law intended to check the president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress.
How has the President's war making power changed over time?
The president used to be able declare war whenever he wanted, but with the War Powers Act, the President must notify Congress within 48 hrs of putting soldiers into action.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Allowed The U.S. to send aid to small countries in Asia who were being threatened by communistic countries.
Three types of courts
District, Appellate, and Supreme
Review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
judicial rulings that are suspected of being based on personal or political considerations
Encourages Judges only to strike down acts and laws if they are clearly against the Constitution.
Roles of the President (Know 3)
(1) chief of state, (2) chief executive, (3) chief administrator, (4) chief diplomat, (5) commander in chief, (6) chief legislator, (7) party chief, and (8) chief citizen.
Chief of state
Refers to the President as the head of the government.
supervise the executive branch of government, prepare executive budget for submission to congress, and appoint and remove executive officials.
the President is in charge of the executive branch of the federal government. This branch employs more than 2.7 million civilians
One of his most important diplomatic powers is to recognize foreign governments. When the president receives foreign diplomats, he endorses them in the public's eye.
Commander in chief
The role of the United States president as highest ranking officer in the armed forces.
In this role, the president helps members of his or her political party get elected or appointed to office.
the President should represent all of the people of the United States.