English 424 Fall Finals, Hawkins
Terms in this set (56)
Review your notes: Characters, plot, theme, and tone of the story
Characters of Beowulf
Beowulf - The protagonist of the epic, Beowulf is a Geatish hero who fights the monster Grendel, Grendel's mother, and a fire-breathing dragon.
King Hrothgar - The king of the Danes.
Grendel - A demon descended from Cain, Grendel preys on Hrothgar's warriors in the king's mead-hall, Heorot.
Grendel's mother - An unnamed swamp-hag
The dragon - An ancient, powerful serpent, the dragon guards a horde of treasure in a hidden mound.
Plot of Beowulf
The protagonist Beowulf, a hero of the Geats, comes to the aid of Hrothgar, king of the Danes, whose great hall, Heorot, is plagued by the monster Grendel. Beowulf kills Grendel with his bare hands and Grendel's mother with a giant's sword that he found in her lair.
Theme of Beowulf
One of the central themes is loyalty
Tone of Beowulf
Which statement is true of most Anglo-Saxon lyrics?
They were written by monks and translated into English.
They are satirical, usually making fun of a culture.
They are lighthearted, escapist fare designed to entertain
-----They were originally passed along in the oral tradition------
a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation.
The Characteristics of an Epic
epic hero on a quest
the central character in an epic
Why is there a mix of pagan and Christian elements in the literature during this era?
It is starting to transition into an era where people are starting to have Christian beliefs. (?)
What is feudalism (during the Middle Ages)? What was the government like during the A-S Era (this was different than the Middle Ages)?
Feudalism- hierarchy where a King is at the top; peasants are at the bottom.
After feudalism, the country took steps toward democracy(?)
Know the Hero's Journey (notebook 7)
1. In the heroes ordinary world
2. The hero receives a mysterious message; invitation. Then assistance to departure
3. Someone older or wise
4. An adventure
5. He slays a monster or gets out of a trap.
6. He faces his worst fear.
7. His darkest hour, maybe even death.
8. Some certain power or respect from the monster or enemy.
9. Returns to his ordinary life.
10. It has changed the hero and gave him a new life.
11. Upgrade to a new level, nothing is quite the same once they're a hero.
Know the Hero's Journey and know the main characters and the role they play in the book.
The hobbit, main character, and the burglar
Son of Thrain; head dwarf, loves to fight, dies in War of Five Armies
Wizard; smart, long white beard. Leads the group with part of their adventure
A dragon who guards the treasure that the dwarves and Bilbo are after. Killed by Bard in the end
The underground creature Bilbo meets after he gets lost in the tunnels of the Misty Mountains. It is Gollum's ring that Bilbo finds on the ground when he first wakes up. Bilbo wants Gollum to show him the way out, but Gollum gets increasingly more interested in eating Bilbo. He tells the Hobbit that he received the ring as a birthday present. The two have a riddle contest and Bilbo wins. He follows Gollum out of the caverns.
A man who is a skin-changer between a man and a bear. keeps dwarves for a night, feeds them, and gives them ponies for their adventure.
Villager of Laketown that is destroyed by Smaug. He kills Smaug
Methods of Development
Review your own notes
telling a story about a subject to enlighten, entertain, or explain something; answers the 5 W's & H.
explaining or evoking a subject, focusing on its look, sound, feel, smell, or taste (5 senses).
pointing to instances or illustrations of a subject that clarifies and supports your ideas.
setting the subject beside something else and noting similarities/differences to either explain or evaluate the concept.
explaining step by step how to do something or how something works (usually a sequence of actions).
Division or analysis
slicing a subject into its pairs or elements to show how they relate and explain your conclusions on the subject.
showing resemblances/differences among MANY related subjects (or to show the many forms of a subject), SORTING them into kinds or groups.
Cause & Effect
explaining why or what if by showing reasons for or consequences of the subject.
Example: explaining how seeing the poverty of a third world country changed your life
tracing a boundary around a subject (usually abstract) to pin down its meaning.
Argument & Persuasion
forming an opinion or proposal about a subject.
ESSAY ANALYSIS TERMS
Review your notes
The main idea the writer wants to communicate, summed up in a sentence or two. MAY BE UNSTATED. It's easiest to find by asking yourself "What IS this ALL about?"
the writer's apparent reason for writing (entertain, explain, persuade are all general answers to this, but include specifically what or how)
support for the author's ideas, including facts, examples, reasons, expert opinions, and more
the writer's attitudes about a subject which affects the reader's attitude; like "tone of voice" when speaking. This can be formal or informal. It should also have some sort of FEELING associated with it (like angry, sarcastic, sad, joking, serious, etc.)
Writing Process Terms
Review your notes
writing out sentences and paragraphs, linking ideas, and focusing them
reviewing your draft from the readers' perspectives in order to make sure they will understand you and have the desired experience you seek (looking at the draft as a whole, not for grammar details)
checked out in the revision process, this means that every paragraph relates to the thesis and every sentence in the paragraph relates to a single idea (often that contained in the topic sentence)
checked out in the revision process, this means that your essay pieces have a clear flow and relation of parts; paragraphs, transitions, and overall organization all make the workflow and make sense.
Three Essay Focuses
These are all things that we've already taken notes on either in your notebook or on the Chromebook
Definition- telling a story about a subject to enlighten, entertain, or explain something
Narration Purpose, Thesis-Style, Narrator Types, Character Types, Discovery of Details Questions, Scene vs. Summary, Chronological Order, Flashback, Transitions
Definition- pointing to instances or illustrations of a subject that clarifies and supports ideas.
Example thesis (This will differ from other thesis statements. How?)
Compare and Contrast Notes
Definition- setting the subject besides something else and noting
The Two Purposes
-The purpose of showing each of two subjects distinctly by considering both, side by side
-The purpose of choosing between two things
-Thesis Statement (Once again, this will differ from the other thesis statements. Understand how it differs).
-Two ways comparison and contrast essays are organized
Stories that will be covered: -Review your notes and re-read the stories.
1. Fish Cheeks
2. The Chase
4. On Compassion
6. This is Water
7. Neat People vs Sloppy People
8. Batting Clean-Up and Striking Out
9. Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts
Fish Cheeks by Amy Tan is about something that happened when Amy was a teenager. In the story, Amy's mother invites the minister and his family over for Christmas Eve dinner. Amy has a crush on the minister's son, Robert, and she is even more mortified about the idea than a typical teenager might be because of what the family might think about her family's culture.
An autobiography from Anne Dillard about a snowball fight with her friends and an unexpected chase from a man through the streets of her neighborhood.
A man talks about his pet dog who suddenly gets sick and has to put him down; it goes along with the emotions he was put through.
Talks about the people of NYC (or anywhere basically), and how they react when they come into contact with the homeless.
A reporter talks about an interview she had with a homeless woman, and then she talks about what it really means to be "homeless."
This is Water
This essay covers subjects including the difficulty of empathy, the importance of being well adjusted, and the apparent lonesomeness of adult life. Additionally, Wallace's speech suggests that the overall purpose of higher education is to be able to consciously choose how to perceive others, think about meaning, and act appropriately in everyday life. He argues that the true freedom acquired through education is the ability to be adjusted, conscious, and sympathetic.
Neat People versus Sloppy People
Sometimes we learn about our vices and virtues best when we are told about them in a humorous way. This is what Suzanne Britt does in the following essay, as she invites us to look for ourselves in one of two groups: those who are organized and those who can only hope to be.
Batting Clean-up and Striking Out
Written in 1988, is about the social differences between men and women. This invisible wall they divides the two genders is illustrated by him saying that women can "see extremely small quantities of dirt."
Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts
Catton compares and contrasts the characteristics and lives of two leaders of the Civil War. Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee, two very strong and very different generals, met on April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Court House in Virginia to bring to a close the Civil War. By this time, America had become a country that was starting over with the simple core belief in equal rights for everyone.