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CATHOLIC FAITH IN PRACTICE CHAPTER 2 (STUDY GUIDE TERMS AND CHAPTER QUESTIONS)
Terms in this set (53)
Catholic Social Teaching
The call of the popes and bishops for people to let the reign of God's love shape their world, a call that is rooted in the mission of Jesus Christ.
Catholic Social Teaching
It is the teaching of the Church that examines human society in light of the Gospel and Church Tradition for the purpose of guiding Christians as they carry on the mission of Jesus in the world. The Church attempts to be a teacher of society through its official documents
The social, political, and philosophical movement, asserted that reason and science are the basis for knowing truth. The movement dismissed religious teachings, the Bible, and any claims of Church or royalty to have authority in matters of truth or in directing human beings
The shift from a farming and craft trade economy to an economy based on factory production
As machines in factories enabled goods to be produced faster and cheaper, those who owned the means of producing goods, became wealthier. People moved to cities to sell their labor to the factory owners for pitifully small wages, living and working in inhumane, filthy, and dangerous conditions
This new economic system, in which a few owned the means of production for their own profit, and workers sold their labor to the owners for whatever wage they could get
advocated distributing wealth according to need, not ownership of capital and profits
Type of church document. Are letters from the Pope to all the bishops of the world; sometimes they are also addressed to all Christians and to all people "of good will"
an ideal, equitable society in which government and laws would be unnecessary. A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
Marx's atheistic theory, later called ________, was adopted as a model for social change by many workers' movements around the world, and for the formation of modern-day socialist and communist states—none of which has been quite the ideal society Marx envisioned
The Industrial Revolution started in the mid-1700s in Great Britain when machines began to replace manual labor. The full impact of the revolution would not begin to really start until about 100 years later in the 1800s when the use of machines to replace human labor spread throughout Europe and North America. This transformation is known as the industrialization of the world. These processes gave rise to sweeping increases in production capacity and would affect all basic human needs, including food production, medicine, housing, and clothing. Not only did society develop the ability to have more things faster, it would be able to develop better things. These industrialization processes continue today.
Choose one of these social influences—the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution, capitalism, socialism, Marxism—and in a paragraph or two, explain how it continues to influence society today.
the God-given need for creation, including human beings, to follow what God intended it to be
Issued in 1891; Pope Leo XIII responded to the plight of nineteenth-century workers by calling for workers' rights and for concern for society's poorest people in the first of the modern Catholic social teaching documents. This document offered an alternative solution, one based on the Gospel and Church Tradition. That Tradition includes the notion of natural law.
Cooperation between the classes
The dignity of work
The just wage and workers associations
The role of the state
Private ownership of property
Defense of the poor
What are six themes of Rerum Novarum?
an amount sufficient to provide a decent life for a worker's whole family
Workers must be free to organize associations, now known as _______, to negotiate working conditions
Known as The Gospel of Life; Pope John Paul II, 1995
Warns that society is increasingly influenced by a "culture of death," in which people ignore the spiritual side of being human, treating one another as objects and focusing only on their own wants and needs. Abortion, infanticide, capital punishment, and euthanasia are symptoms of the culture of death. Proposes a "culture of life," in which Christian love leads people to actively protect and care for one another"
Another example is Catholic social teaching's special attention to international peace and the morality of nuclear weapons during the _______ ______. This was the period between about 1945 and 1990, when the United States and the Soviet Union competed to dominate the world through military might.
The Life and Dignity of the Human Person
Call to Family, Community, and Particpation
Rights and Responsibilities
The Option for the Poor and Vulnerable
The Dignity of Work and Rights of Workers
Care for God's Creation
the right and responsibility of all people to participate in all aspects of human society—educational, political, cultural, religious, economic, and so on.
Those who are not able to fully participate in society are often said to be ___________, or forced outside the main group.
One of the aspects of participation; According to Catholic social teaching, people are called to participate in society positively, in ways that will contribute to the ________ _______. The _________ _________ is the social condition that allows all the people in a community to reach their full human potential and fulfill their human dignity. Working for the __________ ________ implies paying special attention to groups and individuals that are excluded from the benefits experienced by the rest of society
explained by saying that governments and large organizations exist only to serve the good of human beings, families, and communities, which are the center and purpose of social life. Catholic social teaching says that large organizations or governments should not take over social responsibilities and decisions that can be carried out by individuals and small local organizations. But larger organizations or governments have a responsibility to coordinate and regulate society when individuals and smaller organizations do not or cannot carry out responsibilities necessary for the common good
are those conditions or things that any person needs in order to be fully what God created him or her to be
The rights that are necessary for people to be able to live are known as _________ ________; these include the right to food, shelter, and basic health care
So beyond survival rights, Catholic social teaching insists that all human beings also have a right to those things necessary for them to fully realize their God-given dignity. These ________ _______ include such things as education, employment, a safe environment, and enough material goods to support a family
An individual's rights are limited by his or her ____________ for the good of others, as well as for the common good of the whole society. Out of __________ for the common good, governments must regulate rights in particular instances
Option for the poor/marginalized
Is the choice to put the needs of society's most poor and vulnerable members first among all social concerns. The term poor and vulnerable refers not only to those without money but also to those who are deprived of their basic rights or of equal participation in society
The idea of the option for the poor and vulnerable was developed as part of Latin American ________ _______ and has its roots in the Bible, which repeatedly expresses special concern for the poor and vulnerable. Is one way of talking about God amid the reality of the suffering of innocent people. Has been used to describe a variety of ways of responding to poverty in Latin America.
Rights of Workers
The things that are necessary for dignified work are known as the what? Those rights include the right to employment, to decent and fair pay, to a safe workplace, and to anything else that is necessary for the basic life and health of workers. Workers also have the right to organize and join unions for the purpose of ensuring these basic rights.
Catholic social teaching says that a spirit of friendship—between individuals, groups, and nations—is the basis for a just world. The Church calls this ________: a constant commitment to the common good, based on the belief that "we are all really responsible for all
One of the "Little Rock Nine"; made it possible for equal education to be available to all Americans; Melba's struggle to be fully a part of society reflects the Catholic social teaching theme of paricipation
German philosopher; with his works The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Capital (1867), provided a bitter critique of capitalism. His theory of history predicted that the masses would rise up, overthrow the capitalist class, abolish private property, and create a form of socialist state. Eventually, he proposed, socialism would give way to communism, an ideal, equitable society in which government and laws would be unnecessary
started the Saint Vincent de Paul Society, a worldwide charitable organization for the poor
Cardinal James Gibbons
controversial organization known as the Knights of Labor, a union supported by some of the U.S. hierarchy, such as this person from Baltimore.
Pope Leo XIII
issued the encyclical On the Condition of Labor. The encyclical is more frequently called by its Latin title, Rerum Novarum. That first document was a response to the social situation brought about by various forces: the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution, capitalism, and Marxism, to name a few. Addressed the injustices faced by the working class. Established a savings bank for the poor.
Pope John Paul II
OTHER QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER 2 QUESTIONS
Signs of Times; The suffering of poor people, cooperation between groups, the dignity of work, the role of the state, and so on—have continued to be major themes of Catholic social teaching
Churches response to the world flows out of its interpretation of those realities, realities include the religious ,political,cultural,and economic factors that shape the overall situation of society. What are those realities called? What role do they play in Catholic social teaching?
Rerum Novarum established a precedent for the Church to speak out on social matters. It observed that individual moral choices affect society, and society affects individual morality; the two cannot be separated. Therefore, the Church has to be concerned with moral issues not only on the individual level but on the social level as well
What has been one of the most important results of Rerum Novarum for the Church?
Catholic social teaching became more concerned with global issues rather than just focusing on Western society, because more of the Church's bishops were from poor, undeveloped countries. This new global concern allowed the Latin American bishops to call the whole Church to a "preferential option for the poor," a theme that has been especially prominent in the Church's social teaching since then.
In a short paragraph, describe one way Catholic social teaching has developed to respond to social changes.
During Jesus' time, there was a gap between the rich and the poor and he chose to stay with the poor and socialize with them and even heal them, even though people would look down on him. We are called to do that today, we are called to serve the poor and we are called to give to those most in need. We are also called to action and to promote justice through charity and also through political efforts to change the strictures of injustice. Human work is another theme that is necessary to develop creation and support family life. All who are able to work have the right and duty to work regardless of race, gender, or disability. Those who cannot work must be supported by society and that is our job - to support those who need it the most. People are more important than profits of a company.
Review the summary of Catholic social teaching on pages 52-54 and identify what you think might be some of its major themes (for example, human dignity, the gap between rich and poor people). For each theme, describe in a short paragraph how it reflects an aspect of the teaching or mission of Jesus.
Church insists the "dignity of the human person is rooted in his or her creation in the image and likeness of God.
Catholic social teaching emphasizes the need for society to support families so that all people have an opportunity to participate in a family. Participation at the international level means that all nations—whether they are rich or poor, weak or powerful—are able to share in making decisions for the global community.
What does participation mean for families and nations?
Out of responsibility for the common good, governments must regulate rights in particular instances. So, we have the right to own property and we have the responsibility to care for our property but when we have more property than we need while others do not have enough to maintain a dignified life then those with more have a responsibility to fulfill their neighbors' right to the necessities of a good life
What general responsibility do people have that limits their rights?
Life and Dignity of the Human Person: You know that Mcgregor vs. Mayweather fight that just happened and made millions of dollars? Well, if that money would've gone to say, really poor people in another country instead of a stupid boxing match then that would've been an example of the life and dignity of the human person - placing human needs before a stupid thing like punching each other in the face for 30 minutes.
Participation: An absence of this would be poor people who are stuck in the cycle of poverty cannot participate fully in the community
Rights and Responsiblities: Children who live on the streets and are denied their basic human rights such as healthcare, food and shelter, and protection; these are survival rights. Thrival rights are things such as education, employment, safe environment, and enough to support a family.
For each of the following themes, provide your own example (either real or made up) showing the theme or its absence: life and dignity of the human person, participation, rights and responsibilities. For example: "A family that decides to serve as a foster family for babies with AIDS is promoting the babies' lives and dignity.
Dignity of Work
is the value that work has because it supports human life and contributes to human dignity. Through good work, as Maria said, "our spirits are fed
Care for God's Creation
Catholic social teaching calls all people to live their faith in relationship with all of creation by protecting the health of people and the planet.
Their need is greater
Why does God call humanity to place the needs of the poor and vulnerable first?
It provides families with the things they need to live and flourish. Also, it is simply a reflection of God's work of creation.
In what two ways does work contribute to human dignity?
Christians are called to care for the environment because it is necessary for the full development of human beings and also because the environment, as a work of God, has a beauty and value in itself.
Why are Christians called to work for environmental justice?
Option for the Poor and Vulnerable is shown when you give a homeless person on the street the money you were going to buy Mcdonalds with.
Dignity and Rights of Workers: Protesting low wages by going on strike
Solidarity: Solidarity is shown at the March for Life march every year in D.C. when a lot of people come together and stand up/march for the rights of the unborn
Care of God's Creation: A lack/absence for God's creation is shown when people litter or when trees/forests are cut down
For each of the following themes, provide your own example showing the theme or its absence: option for the poor and vulnerable, dignity and rights of workers, solidarity, care of God's creation.
Solidarity is necessary to Catholic social teaching because without it, there is no reason to listen to the other themes. Rights and responsibilities establish the importance of human dignity and how we are called to action, making it necessary. The life and dignity of the human person is crucial because without it we forget the importance of every life and also all the other themes are based off of this theme
Earlier it was said that the seven themes of Catholic social teaching cannot be separated from one another because they are interdependent. Choose three themes and discuss how each is necessary for the others.
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