25 terms

Grammar Pronouns English

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Pronouns
takes the place of a noun or antecedent
Personal Pronouns
includes 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person
Personal Pronouns (list)
1st Person - I, me - We, us
2nd Person - you
3rd Person - He, him, she, her, it - they, them
1st Person
person speaking or writing
2nd Person
person listening or reading
3rd Person
the topic (person, place, thing, or idea) being discussed or written about
Compound Personal Pronouns
Reflexive or Intensive
Compound Personal Pronouns (list)
Myself, yourself, himself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
Reflexive
action performed on/for the subject by the subject
Syntax: (Objective Case) DO, IO, OP
Intensive
Used for emphasis
Relative Pronouns/Case
Introduce relative clauses
Syntax: (Relative Case) S, DO, OP
Relative Pronouns/Case (list)
Who, whom, whose, which, that, as
Clause
group of words with a subject and a verb
Antecedent
word the clause modifies
Relative Pronouns Syntax Tricks
S
- need pronoun in sentence
- before a verb

DO
- do not need pronoun in sentence

OP
- follows a preposition
- pronoun not needed in sentence if the preposition is moved to the end
Difference between Who vs. Whom in Relative Case
Who = subject
Whom = direct object/object of the preposition
Indefinite Pronouns
Refers to people or things that are not identified
Indefinite Pronouns (list)
Someone, Somebody, Anyone, Anybody, All, Both, Either, No one, Nobody, Everyone, Everybody, Few, Most, One, Several
Distributive Pronouns
Type of indefinite pronoun that refers to things one at a time (always singular)
Distributive Pronouns (list)
Each, either, neither
Distributive Pronoun vs. Adjective
Distributive Pronoun - takes the place of a noun
Distributive Adjective - describes a noun
Interrogative Pronouns
(Begin questions) Who, whom, whose, which, and what
Syntax: (Relative Case) S, DO, OP
Possessive Pronouns
Is a personal pronoun used to show possession that acts as a subject, object, or predicate pronoun
Possessive Pronouns (list)
1st Person - Mine - Ours
2nd Person - Yours
3rd Person - His, hers, its - Theirs
Possessive Pronoun vs. Adjective
Possessive Pronoun - replaces a noun - comes after a noun
Possessive Adjective - used to describe a noun - comes before a noun