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75 terms

Barron's GRE: Word List 08 w/ antonyms

* Denotes High Frequency Words
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canto
N. division of a long poem
canvass
V. determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; poll; solicit; survey
capacious
ADJ. spacious, ample, roomy

ant: cramped, small, limited
capacity
N. mental or physical ability, competency; role or function; ability to accommodate, content

ant: incapacity, inability
capillary
ADJ. having a very fine bore; hairlike
capitulate
V. surrender; give up under agreed conditions; concede

ant: resist, hold out; defend
caprice
N. sudden, unexpected fancy, whim, impulse

ant: constancy, dependability, steadfastness
capricious*
ADJ. unpredictable, fickle, temperamental

ant: constant, staid, dependable
caption
N. title; chapter heading; text under illustration; subtitle
captious
ADJ. faultfinding, very critical
captivate
V. charm or enthrall, enchant

ant: disgust, repulse, repel
carafe
N. glass water bottle; decanter
carapace
N. shell covering the back (of a turtle, crab, etc.)
carat
N. unit of weight for precious stones = 200mg; measure of fineness of gold (karat)
cardinal
ADJ. chief; of foremost importance, paramount

ant: inessential, secondary, subordinate
cardiologist
N. doctor specializing in the ailments of the heart
careen
V. lurch; sway from side to side; swerve wildly
caricature
N. exaggerated description, distortion; burlesque
carillon
N. a set of bells hung in a tower capable of being played
carnage
N. destruction of life, massacre, slaughter
carnal
ADJ. fleshly or bodily, relating to sexual apetite
carnivorous
ADJ. flesh or meat-eating

ant: herbivorous, vegetarian
carousal
N. drunken revelry, debauchery
carping
N. petty criticism, finding fault; nagging

ant: ignore, let go
carrion
N. rotting flesh of a dead body
cartographer
N. map-maker
cascade
N. small waterfall; a succession of stages, processes, or operations
caste
N. one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society, social stratification; prestige
castigation*
N. punishment; severe criticism, chastisement
casualty
N. serious or fatal accident, fatality, sufferer
cataclysm
N. upheaval; deluge; disaster; catastrophe

ant: miracle, wonder
catalyst*
N. agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; person or thing that causes action

ant: block, inhibit, prevent
catapult
N. slingshot; a hurling machine
cataract
N. great waterfall; eye abnormality, clouding of the eye
catastrophe
N. sudden calamity; disaster
catcall
N. shout of disapproval; boo, heckle
catechism
N. book of religious instruction; instruction by question and answer format
categorical
ADJ. without exceptions; unqualified; absolute; unconditional

ant: qualified, vague, ambiguous
catharsis
N. purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purification
cathartic
N. purgative; stimulates evacuation of the bowels
catholic
ADJ. universal, wide-ranging, liberal

ant: limited, exclusive, narrow-minded
caucus
N. private meeting of members of a party to select officers or determine policy; council
caulk
V. to make watertight (by plugging seams), sealant
causal
ADJ. implying a cause-and-effect relationship; constituting a cause
caustic*
ADJ. burning, corrosive; sarcastically biting, acrimonious

ant: loving, kind, sweet
cauterize
V. burn with hot iron or caustic; make insensitive or callous
cavalcade
N. procession; parade
cavalier
ADJ. casual and offhand; haughty; arrogant

ant: humble, reticent, shy
cavil
V. make frivolous objections; quibble; carp
cede
V. yield (title, territory) to; surrender formally; relinquish

ant: fight, defend
celerity
N. speed; rapidity, swiftness

ant: slowness, sluggishness
celestial
ADJ. heavenly; divine, stellar

ant: earthly, mortal
celibate
ADJ. unmarried; abstaining from sexual intercourse; chaste

ant: promiscuous
censor
N. overseer of morals; person who eliminate inappropriate matter
censorious
ADJ. highly critical; tending to censure; judgmental
censure
V. blame; criticize; rebuke formally

ant: applaud, compliment, commend
centigrade
ADJ. demoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius); former name for Celsius
centrifugal
ADJ. radiating from a central point; departing from the center

ant: centripetal
centrifuge
N. machine that separates substances by spinning them
centripetal
ADJ. tending toward the center; unify

ant: centrifugal
centurion
N. Roman army officer
cerebral
ADJ. pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual; analytical

ant: emotional
cerebration
N. thought; thinking; ponder
ceremonious
ADJ. marked by formality; conventional
certitude
N. certainty; complete assurance; inevitability
cessation
N. stoppage; termination; ceasing

ant: commencement, beginning
cession
N. yielding to another; ceding
chafe
V. warm by rubbing; make sore (by rubbing), annoyance
chaff
N. worthless products of an endeavor; something of little worth
chaffing
ADJ. bantering; joking; good-natured teasing
chagrin
N. vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride); disappointment.

ant: delight, joy
chalice
N. goblet; consecrated cup
chameleon
N. lizard that changes color in different situations (chamaeleon); changeable, inconstant
carcinogenic
ADJ. causing cancer
centaur
N. mythic figure, half man and half horse (centaurus)