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AGB 101 Introduction (First two weeks of lecture)
Terms in this set (51)
Agriculture is responsible for how 1 out of how many jobs in California?
Nationally, the US Department of Commerce estimates what percent of jobs to be Agricultural?
US Food and Agriculture industry is responsible for what percent of the nations GDP?
California sold how many billion dollars worth of Agricultural products in 2018? (Up slightly from 2017)
How many different Agricultural products are produced in CA?
California leads the nation in production of how many different crop and livestock commodities?
What are the top 3 states in agricultural production?
California, Iowa, Texas
What county in California leads the state in Agricultural sales?
Kern County (7.2 billion)
What are the two trailing California counties trailing Kern County in Ag sales?
Tulare (7.03 billion), Fresno (7.02 billion)
What are the top 10 ag products in California as of 2018?
1. Milk and cream
2. Grapes (all)
4. Cattle and calves
What is the average size of a California farm?
What is a farm?
A farm is defined as $1000 or more in sales or value of production.
Average size of a US farm
What factors come into play to make CA have on average small farms (acreage)?
Higher wages, more intensive crops, property value.
What percent of CA farms and ranches are family owned or operated?
About how many farms are in CA?
California exports are valued at about how many billion?
What percent of the worlds ag exports come from California?
What percent of the worlds milk is produced in California?
Why is California the leader in agriculture?
High value, specialty crops due to:
What percent of California farms are large or very large?
What percent of California farms are medium sized?
What percent of California farms are small or lifestyle?
A large farm sells how much?
A medium sized farm sells how much?
$100,000 to $499,999
A small farm sells how much?
less than $100,000
Percentages of US farms that are large, medium, small.
CA average market sales value per farm
US average market sales value per farm
Natural sources of freshwater in CA
1. Precipitation (rain and snow)- 200 million acre/ft
2. Surface water (71 million acre/ft)
3. Ground water
What is an acre foot?
326,000 gallons, enough for indoor household use for 5 people for one year)
True/false: California groundwater is in good shape.
What percent of water use in California is urban/industrial use?
What percent of water use in California is agricultural?
What percent of water use in California is environmental (lakes, rivers)?
If only "developed water" was taken into account, what percent of it goes to agriculture?
What are the key problems with water availability and distribution in CA?
Timing: rains/snows only in winter really
Place: most precipitation in Northern California
Solutions to combat water availability/distribution in CA
Store snowmelt, move/ transport water to where it's needed.
What are the major water projects in California?
1. Central Valley Project
2. State water project
3. Colorado River aqueduct
4. All American canal
Which major water project was authorized by Congress in 1937, created 500 miles of canals and aqueducts, made Shasta Lake a major reservoir, primarily serves Sacramento and San Joaquin Valley, and delivers 7 million acre/ft worth of water annually?
Central Valley Project
Which major water project was approved by CA voters in 1960, made 600 miles of canals and aqueducts, made Oroville its major reservoir, primarily provides water for urban use, and moves water from Norcal to Socal.
State Water Project
What major water project was approved in 1922 to create the Colorado River Aqueduct to supply water to Metropolitan District of Souther California and was locally funded.
Colorado River Aqueduct
What major water project was approved in 1928 to supply the Coachella and Imperial Valleys of CA, and was made mainly for ag use.
All American Canal
What percent does US food and Agriculture represent of the nations GDP?
5.4% in 2017
Americans spend what percent of their income on food?
What percent of US employment is from Ag and food industries?
How many full time employees are in the US food and agriculture industry?
Why is agribusiness unique?
1. Government involvement/intervention
2. Everybody has to eat.
3. Weather is uncertain
4. Pests, diseases, dependance on nature
7. Biological in nature
8. Useful byproducts
9. Many types of businesses
10. Many types of market conditions
11. Rural Areas
True or false: Over the past 40 years the farmers dollar has decreased.
True or false: 45% of money on food spend for food is consumed at home.
True or false: 55% of money on food spent away from home.
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