44 terms

unit7riseofeurope

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Dark Ages
period of cultural and economic deterioration after the fall of Rome
Middle Ages
a period where we have new civilizations growing
starts with King Charlemagne
Franks
Germanic people that conquered Gaul
Clovis
king of the Franks
he unifies all the tribes together and makes them all turn to Christianity
Gaul
region that is modern day france
Muslims
people that believe in Islam
Islam started in Arabia
they start their own huge empire (Persia, Arabia, northern Africa
Charles Martel "The Hammer"
a military leader, king of franks later on
leads his people into the battle of tours
Battle of Tours
battle between the Franks and Muslims
Franks will win and it stops the advance of the Muslims into Europe so Islamic culture stayed in Spain
King Charlemagne
Mantel's grandson, considered to have been the King of Franks and emperor of Rome
unifies an empire throughout Europe
he stressed the importance of education so that is how he unified the empire so well
set up an orderly government
Magyars
came from the Earl mountains
will go into the region of present day Hungary
will have many battles with the Franks
feudalism
a political and social system in mid evil Europe where powerful local lords divide their land among lesser lords
vassals
LESSER LORD THAT PLEDGES THEIR SERVICE AND LOYALTY TO A GREATER LORD
feudal contract
an agreement between nobles and vassals
fiefs
a chunk of land, estate,
plot of land that a noble gives to a vassal
Knights
a warrior, they fight on horseback
in the social hierarchy they are blow the nobles but on top of serfs
known for military excellence
tournaments
mock battle between nights
knights would display fighting skills
noblewomen
they supervise people, sometimes went to war, needed to know how to spin and weave and manage the estate
Eleanor of Aquitaine
known for being the queen of France and then queen of England
known because she got a lot of land which is unusual for women
chivalry
knights code of conduct
knights are expected to follow this
Troubadors
a wandering musician often sang about knights and ladies
main form of art
manor
lords or nobles estate
split into tiny pieces of land
serfs
peasants who are bounded to the land on estates
can't leave unless they get permission
live in small cottages
only had to fight if they rebelled, they could marry for love
poaching
hunting on your lords land which is illegal
secular
non religious
secular rulers
church officials were closely linked to who
sacraments
sacred rites
Benedictine Rule
a set of monks hat emphasize obedience, poverty, and chastity, or purity
Papal Supremacy
when the pop claims authority over kings and emperors
canon law
when the church establishes it's own laws, courts and issues its own punishments
excommunication
when the church withholds sacraments and the christian burial
interdict
when the church bars an entire town to go to hell
Truce of God
something that the church has that is used to end welfare among nobles
Abbot Berno of Cluny
born around 850 and he was from a super rich family. His family provided shelter to all the Monks who were still following Benedictine Rule. He will eventually open his own monasteries and start to re-follow the rules
friars
monks who traveled and preached the poor and did not live in a monastery
St. Francis of Assisi
a friar who establishes the first order of friars
Franciscans
preached the positive message of Christianity
are the first order of friars and preached poverty, humility and love of god
charter
a document and it establishing rights and privileges for a town in exchange for yearly fee
capital
money
partnerships
tow or more people pool their money together in order to finance a business
tenant farmers
hired laborers who payed for their land
middle class
the class that is between the nobles and peasants
the class is merchants, traders and artisans
guilds
associations that are formed to protect businesses and trades
apprentices
a person who starts learning trade from a master at a very young age
an apprentice for 7 years
journeyman
a salaried worker
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