Characterized by the desire to avoid punishment or gain reward
Conventional Moral Reasoning
Primary concern is to fit in and play the role of a good citizen and to follow the rules and laws.
Postconventional Moral Reasoning
Characterized by references to universal ethical principles that represent the rights or obligations of all people
Erik Erikson theorized ________ stages of psychosocial development.
Trust v. Mistrust
Infancy (0-1.5) A sense of trust requires a feeling of physical comfort & minimal amount of fear about the future. Infant's basic needs are met by responsive, sensitive caregivers.
The scientific study of how people think about, influence, and relate to one another.
Adjusting one's behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard.
The shared attitudes, beliefs, norms, and behaviors of a group communicated from one generation to the next
Serial Position Effect
The tendency to recall the first and last items in a list more easily.
The tendency for distributed practice to yield better retention than is achieved through massed practice.
Spreading rehearsal out in several sessions separated by period of time.
Ethical Guidelines for Research
Informed Consent Protection from Harm Confidentiality Debriefing
Statistics that use numbers to summarize and describe data.
The extent to which a test yields consistent results.
If a personality test measures what it intends to measure then the test is considered...
The body of a neuron is located in the ________ section of the neuron.
What part of the cerebral cortex would you use to raise your left hand?
Right motor cortex
Alzheimer's Disease is associated with a lack of which neurotransmitter?
According to Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, what are the 5 stages of a dying patient?
denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance
What stage of prenatal development includes the formation of most of the major organs?
What is the automatic response called of a baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek, to open the mouth and search for food?
A cognitive framework or concept that helps organize and interpret information.
When Dan was five, he watched his father throw items and yell at everyone around him when he became angry. If Dan grows up to be aggressive adult, which factor could have influenced his behavior based on the above example?
Kevin suffers a series of terrible calamities. His friend suggests that Kevin must have done something terrible to deserve his misfortunes. The idea that Kevin is suffering bad events because he has done bad things is an example of what?
While your mother is lecturing about cleaning your room, you lose concentration. Suddenly you hear the significant words, "no car keys" and "are you listening to me?" You are able to repeat the last few things she said before mentioning car keys.
This is an exampe of...
Priming of specific memories
What is "psychologically abnormal behavior?"
Harmful behaviors that are maladaptive, unjustifiable, disturbing, and atypical.
Deep (or elaborate) processing
A type of encoding in which you repeat a name over and over again in your head, to help you remember it.
Walking into the bedroom, you think, "I need to get my backpack in the garage." When you reach the garage, you forget what you came in there for. As you return to the bedroom, you suddenly realize "backpack!"
True of False:
In the past, mentally ill people were often thought to be possessed by demons, tortured, or put to death.
What is the concept called that mental diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and often cured?
Re-arranging the letters Y, M, O, M , R, E to form the word MEMORY is a technique called _________.
John is embarrassed because he momentarily fails to remember the name of a good friend. His poor memory is most likely the result of the failure of what?
Lasting, rigid behavior patterns that disrupt social functioning.
Shallow encoding is to short-term (working) memory as Deep encoding is to _________.
A chart that depicts the number of coffee cups drunk in a day contains _____________________ data.
One issue with personality testing is a person will often receive different results on the same personality test when it is taken at different times of the day, week, month, or year.
What does the personality test lack in this scenario?
Scenario: What connection did Abby make when she learned that "dog" has four legs and is furry?
During puberty, an example of "secondary sex characteristics":
Males growing facial hair
What is the process of forgetting painful experiences, according to Sigmund Freud?
Many people retain their classically conditioned fears without any conscious recollection of how or when those fears were learned. What memory does this illustrate?
Which of the following is NOT classified as a psychological disorder: maladaptive, atypical, unjustifiable, malicious
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