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Terms in this set (36)
A statement made about an issue that asserts a perspective
the degree to which a source is believable and trustworthy
Line of Reasoning
Reasoning-an argument's arrangement of claims justified by evidence that leads to a conclusion
A personal opinion, belief, or value that may influence one's judgment, perspective, or claim
Issue involving many facets or perspectives that must be understood in order to address it
combining in such a way as to enhance or emphasize the qualities of each other or another
being of the same opinion
the action or process of promoting oneself as being powerful or important
an appeal to ethics by persuading the reader of the character or credibility of something
an appeal to emotions by creating an emotional response
appeal to logic by persuading the audience through reason
A type of reasoning that constructs general propositions that are supported with evidence or cases
A type of reasoning that presents cases or evidence that lead to a logical conclusion.
having to do with text, narrative, or descriptions
having to do with numbers, amounts, or quantities.
the extent to which an argument or claim is logical
the understanding resulting from analysis of evidence
possible future effects or results
people with a vested interest or concern in something
opposing perspectives, ideas, or theories supported by evidence.
the acknowledgment and acceptance of an opposing or different view.
a contradiction to an opposing perspective through alternate, more convincing evidence.
disproving an opposing perspective by providing counterclaims or counterevidence
the discussion and analysis of evidence in relation to the claim which may identify patterns, describe trends, or explore relationships
a boundary or point at which an argument or generalization is no longer valid
picking at the underlying assumptions and connections between the facts.
questioning the validity of an argument or the sources within the argument
Attacking a person's character rather than addressing the issue
Appeal to Emotion
Using emotion instead of evidence to justify the conclusion
A circular argument that begins by assuming what is meant to be proven
Presenting only 2 choices when many more exist
Making a claim from insufficient evidence
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
x happened before y. therefore, x caused y. Assuming correlation equals causation
An irrelevant claim that misleads or distracts from the issue
a course of action is rejected because, with little or no evidence, one insists that it will lead to a chain reaction resulting in an undesirable end or ends.
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