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US History Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (40)
A proposed law that prohibited slavery in any lands won from Mexico
A policy that allowed voters in a territory to decide whether or not to allow slavery
Fugitive Slave Act
A law that required the return of runaway slaves to their masters
To break away
Compromise of 1850
Legislation based on Henry Clay's proposal for concessions by both the North and the South
A group whose mail goal was to keep slavery out of the western territories
Abolitionists believed that slavery
was morally wrong and wanted to end it
What was the Free-Soil Party's candidate for President?
Martin Van Buren
What provision did the Compromise of 1850 include?
California would be admitted as a free state
Under the new Fugitive Slave Act passed in 1850,
citizens who helped a runaway slave could be imprisoned
Harriet Beecher Stowe
The author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
An informal network of abolitionists that helped fugitive slaves
A New York abolitionist who massacred five pro-slavery settlers in Kansas
Personal Liberties Laws
The state statutes that nullified the Fugitive Slave Act
A Maryland born slave known as "Black Moses"
The characterization of violent outbreaks in 1856 that occurred in and around Lawrence, Kansas
The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 angered northerners because it
required all citizens to support the slave system
Who wrote the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
What event started "Bleeding Kansas"?
Border Ruffians raided the anti-slavery town of Lawrence, Kansas
"Bleeding Kansas" demonstrated that popular sovereignty was
an unworkable solution for the territories of Kansas and Nebraska
A Missouri slave who sued for his freedom
An Illinois politician who promoted popular sovereignty and the annexation of Texas
The site where John Brown attempted to seize the federal arsenal
A secret anti-immigrant group that later became the American Party
A group formed in 1854 that opposed slavery
Roger B. Taney
The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1857
James Buchanan promised to
end the agitation over the issue of slavery
The Dred Scott decision stated that slaves
were the property of their owners
What was Lincoln's view on African Americans?
They were entitled to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Why did John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry fail?
Few Americans would join a rebellion organized by Brown
John C. Breckenridge
Was committed to expanding slavery into the territories
The Crittenden Compromise
A proposed constitutional amendment that allowed slavery in Western territories south of the Missouri Compromise line
Was chosen as the president on the Confederate States of America
Where the Confederates opened fire on Union troops, beginning the Civil War
Confederate States of America
The nation that the seven southern states that seceded from the Union formed
Why did South Carolina secede from the Union?
They believed that Lincoln was hostile to slavery
To protect their property and way of life, seven southern states
Evidence that the North and the South were distinct political entities came in the election of
What caused the outbreak of the Civil War?
The attack at Fort Sumter
In Abraham Lincoln's inaugural address, he declared that
no state can lawfully leave the Union by its own action
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