Theology - Final Exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (64)
Biblical Model and Father of Faith.
The period in Israelites history during which the Israelites of the ancient kingdom of Judah were held in captivity as slave in Babylon.
The doctrine that the books of Sacred Scripture are free from error regarding the truth God wishes to reveal through Scripture for the sake of our salvation.
The collection of books of the Bible that the Church recognizes as the inspired Word of God.
The interpretation of the bible that takes into account the various contexts for understanding. These contexts include the senses of Scripture, literary forms, historical situations, cultural backgrounds, the unity of the whole of Sacred Scripture, Scared Tradition, and the analogy of faith.
The interpretation of the Bible and Christian doctrine based on the literalist meaning of the Bible's words. The interpretation is made without regard to the historical setting in which in which the writings or teachings were first developed.
A solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being in which mutual commitment are made.
The Ten Commandments
The divine assistance the Holy Spirit gave the authors of the books of the Bible so the authors could write in human words the message of salvation God wanted to communicate.
Teachings recognized as central to Church teaching, defined by the Magisterium and considered definitive and authoritative.
A Hebrew word meaning "God is with us"
Out of nothing
Greek word "to lead out of"
The first city targeted by Jews.
Was the successor to Moses who led the Israelites into Canaan, the Promised Land.
The eleven men and one woman who served the Hebrew people as tribal leaders, military commanders, arbiters of disputes, and enlivners of faith.
First king of Israel. A wealthy and handsome man from the Tribe of Benjamin 1020-1000 B.C
Second king of Israel. The youngest of Jesse's sons an unlikely Shepard from the small tribe of Judah. He is chosen by a man after God's own heart.
The third kind of Israel. (975-922). When God told young asked God for Wisdom.
The Church's living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in communion with the Pope, the bishop of Rome.
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel
Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Greek for "beginning"
The Jewish belief and expectation that a messiah would come to protect, unite, and lead Israel to freedom.
Number of books in Catholic canon
Original language of the Old Testament
original language of the New Testament
Greek and Aramaic
From the Latin origo, meaning "beginning" or "birth."
The night the Lord passed over the houses of the Israelites marked by the blood of the lamb, and spared the firstborn sons from death. It also is the feast that celebrates the deliverance of the Chosen People from bondage in Egypt and the Exodus from Egypt to the Promised Land.
A literary technique that uses human characteristics to describe nonhuman realities.
Sometimes called the Decalogue, the list of ten norms, or rules of moral behavior, that God gave Moses and that are the basis of ethical conduct.
A Hebrew word for Ecclesiastes, meaning "preacher" or "one who convokes an assembly."
Relationship with Sacred Tradition and Scripture
One sacred deposit of the word of God, committed to the Church.
Religious Truth/historical fact
This follows what came from are religion and Hod divine source to be always true.
It's not capable of answering the question of meaning
A small group of people who will remain faithful to God will be safe from the wrath of God
Under covering or disclosure
Tradition comes from the Latin tradere, meaning "to hand on."
According to Isaiah, the one who would unjustly, but willingly, suffer and die for others?
God's Order to the Israelites to destroy everything when conquering a pagan land.
There are varying degrees of beauty and goodness.
Everything moves one can logically conclude something had to have set everything into motion.
Through the universe is complex the world is characterized by remarkable order and design
By reflecting on the cycle of life it is reasonable to conclude that all things were caused by something else.
Man clearly sees that many things came into the universe because of something else.
The father or leader of a tribe, clan, or tradition. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were the patriarchs of the Israelites people.
The land(Canaan) God Promised to the children of Abraham.
Senses of Scripture
Literal and Spiritual
A nation in which God is recognized as the head of the state and its divine ruler.
God's manifestation of himself in a visible form to enrich human understanding of him. An example is God's appearance to Moses in the form of a burning bush.
A Hebrew word meaning "law", referring to the first books of the Old Testament.
Tower of Babel
Genesis 11. God was concerned that humans had blasphemed by building the tower to avoid a second flood so God brought into existence multiple languages.
Tree of Knowledge of good and evil
Garden of Eden
Truths of creation
They teach us God gave us Free Will, Human are created in God's image and likeness, to reveal that the world was created of love
Twelve Tribes of Israel
11 Men and 1 women heroic yet flawed leaders in the Bible who God sent to rescue the Israelites from their enemies.
7 books of poetry and wise sayings
The most Sacred of the Old Testament names for God, which he revealed to Moses. It is frequently translated as "I AM" or "I am who am."
Actual meaning conveyed by the words of Scripture
Goes beyond the literal sense to find a deeper meaning