27 terms

GSESS8H5 - All


Terms in this set (...)

Cotton Gin
Machine invented by Eli Whitney in 1793 that quickly removed seeds from the cotton fibers.
Compromise of 1850
Compromise between the North and South that allowed California to enter the union in exchange for the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act.
Dred Scott Case (1850)
Supreme Court ruling that declared slaves were not citizens of the United States.
Election of 1860
Election where Abraham Lincoln defeated three opponents to win the presidency; upon Lincoln's election, Southern states seceded from the Union.
Free States
States where slavery was not legal.
Fugitive Slave Act (1850)
Act that required runaway slaves to be returned to their masters if caught anywhere in the United States.
Georgia Platform
Position supported by several prominent Georgia politicians who supported the Compromise of 1850.
Abraham Lincoln (1809 - 1865)
The 16th president of the United States, Lincoln preserved the Union during the U.S. Civil War and brought about the emancipation of slaves.
Missouri Compromise (1820)
Compromise that brought Missouri into the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state; in addition, Congress banned slavery north of the 36 ̊20' line of latitude.
The act of making legally null and void.
The act of separating from a nation or state and becoming independent; the withdrawal of eleven southern states from the Union in 1860, leading to the Civil War.
Slave States
States where slavery was legal.
Involuntary servitude of African-Americans or Blacks in the United States from 1619-1865.
States' Rights
The belief that a state's sovereignty is more important than that of the national government.
Alexander Stephens (1812-1873)
Important Georgia politician who was a U.S. Senator, Georgia Governor, and Vice-President of the Confederate States of America (C.S.A.).
Whig Party
National political party originally formed in opposition to Andrew Jackson's policies; influential second party in Georgia until the Civil War.
Anaconda Plan
Union strategy during the Civil War which incorporated a plan to blockade Southern ports and capture the Mississippi River.
Infamous Civil War prisoner-of-war camp in Macon County, Georgia. Over 13,000 Union soldiers died in the camp.
Atlanta Campaign
A series of battles fought in the Western Theater of the American Civil War throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta during the summer of 1864; a Union military campaign led by William T. Sherman from May 1864-September 1864 with the Atlanta as the ultimate objective
Battle of Atlanta (July 22, 1864)
Union victory; this one day battle allowed Union forces to inch closer to the city in the Atlanta Campaign; was not the battle that allowed Union Troops to occupy the city.
Battle of Chickamauga (September 18-20, 1863)
Confederate victory; largest battle fought in Georgia; led to the battle of Chattanooga.
Blockade Runners
Private Southern ships that attempted to "break" the Union blockade and trade cotton with European countries for manufactured goods.
Emancipation Proclamation
Document that declared all slaves in the rebellious states would be freed if the South did not return to the Union by January 1, 1863.
Warships covered in steel and iron used in the Civil War.
March To The Sea
Union military campaign led by William T. Sherman from November 15-December 25, 1864 with Savannah being the ultimate objective; more importantly Sherman used a "scorched earth" policy to end the South's will to fight.
Sherman, William T. (1820-1891)
U.S. Civil War Union Army leader known for "Sherman's March," in which he and his troops laid waste to Georgia and other Southern states.
Union Blockade
Naval strategy by the United States to prevent the Confederacy from trading. The Union wanted to try and choke off resupply to the South, and to prevent the shipment of arms, ammunition and material to the Southern States.