37 terms

AP Gov Morlan Vocab - Campaigns and Elections

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bipartisan campaign reform act
banned soft money contributions to national political parties from corporations and unions
blanket primary
voters may pick one candidate for each office without regard to party lines
buckley v. valeo
case that upheld federal limits on campaign contributoins and ruled that spending money to influence elections is a form of constitutionally protected free speech
congressional caucuses
a group of congress members that meet to pursue common legislative objectives
citizens united v. fec
supreme court ruled that corporate funding of independent political ads in candidate elections cannot be limited under the first amendment
closed primary
a type of direct primary limited to registered party members
coattail effect
weaker or lesser-known candidates from the bottom of the ticket that the president's party profit from because of the president's popularity
electoral college
a body of people representing the states of the us
electors
the people who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president
federal election campaign act
provided public financing for presidential primaries and general elections and limited presidential campaign spending
federal election commission
six member bipartisan agency created by the federal election campaign act; administers campaign finance laws and enforces compliance with their requirements
front loading
choosing an early date to hold the primary election
general election
a regular election of candidates for office as opposed to a primary election
hard money
political contributions given to a party, candidate, or interest group that are limited in amounts and fully disclosed
incumbent
the person currently in office who is running for reelection
invisible primary
early attempts to raise money, line up campaign consultants, generate medial attention, and get commitments for support even before candidates announce they are running
iowa caucuses
the first in the nation presidential preference vote
mandate
requirements that direct states and local governments to provide additional services under the threat of penalties or as a condition of the receipt of federal grant money
matching money
donations to the presidential campaign from the federal government that are determined by the amount of private funds a qualifying candidate raises
mcconnell v. fec
supreme court upheld electioneering communication provisions and the soft money ban
maternal elections
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new hampshire primary
the first of the public votes for the new presidential election
open primary
a primary election in which voters may choose in which party to vote as they enter the polling place
plurality
the number of votes for the candidate or party receiving the greatest number
political action committee
committee formed by a special-interest group to raise money for their favorite political candidates
political machine
a party organization that recruits members by dispensing patronage
primary election
an election held to choose candidates for office
runoff election
under a majority voting system, a second election is held only if no candidate wins a majority of the votes in the first general election
soft money
contributions that can be used for voter mobilization or to promote a policy proposal or point of view as long as these efforts are not tied to supporting or opposing a particular candidate
soundbites
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split ticket
a ballot on which voters select candidates from more than one political party
spot
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super tuesday
a tuesday in early march in which many presidential primaries, particularly in the south, are held
23rd amendment
gave dc residents the right to vote; bumped electoral count to 538
visual
a filmed episode showing a candidate doing something newsworthy
war chests
funds collected by a candidate to spend on a political campaign
winner take all
whatever candidate gets the majority of the popular vote gets all the electoral college votes