20 terms

WHAP CHINA !!

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Confucius
- came from Lu and died in Lu as a failure
- Strong-willed man
-would not compromise, looked for a major post job for ten years, didn't find one
-teaching sled to CONFUCIANISM
eunuchs
-Personal servants of elites
-underwent voluntary castration
Warring States Period
-403 BCE to 221 BCE
-Seven Warring States: Qin, Qi, Chu, Yan, Han, Zhao, Wei
Confucianism
- Analects (teachings of Confucius compiled by his disciples)
- filial piety, humaneness, parental (father) respect
-5 relationships (parent-child; husband-wife; elder-younger; ruler-subject; friend-friend)
Taoism/Daoism
-Chinese philosophy with origins in Zhou Dynasty
-associated with legendary philosopher Laozi
-called for a policy of non competition
- yin and yang representing harmony
- Dao is "The Way", "The Way of Nature"
Laozi
- founded Daoism in 6th century BCE
Legalism
-Chinese philosophy from the Zhou dynasty that called for harsh surpression of the common people
-Devoted attention to the state
-Promoted a practical and ruthlessly efficient approach to statecraft
-Ended Period of the Warring States
-Introduced by Qin ruler Shi Huangdi
Qin Shi Huangdi
-Proclaimed himself First Emperor
-decreed that his descendants would reign for thousands of generations
-est tradition of central imperial rule
-burnt books, standardized script
-TERRA COTTA SOLDIERS
China-sties (Chinese Dynasties) ORDER
1. Xia
2. Shang
3. Zhou
4. Qin
5. Han
6. Sui
7. Tang
8. Song
9. Yuan
10. Ming
11. Qing
Qin Dynasty (1)
-221 BCE to 207 BCE,
-founded by Qin Shihuangdi
-marked by first unification of China and had early construction of Great Wall Of China
Han Dynasty
-Consolidated the tradition of centralized imperial rule that the Qin dynasty pioneered
-ruled an expanding empire with a large bureacracy based upon Legalist and Confucian values
-taxed agriculture and trade
- raised large armies to colonize Vietnam, Korea, and the Xiongnu territoru
Reason for Great Wall
- protection from nomadic invaders
Silk Road
- Chinese silk major export
- traded religion, ideas, disease, along w silk and other goods
-more than half of the 4,350-mile route lay within China
Sui Dynasty
-reunited China after collapse of Han dynasty
-emperor Wendi
-didn't last long due to overly harsh emperors
Tang Dynasty
-GOLDEN AGE
-ministries
-distributed land in favor of peasantry
-women had more freedom (Empress Wu)
-Buddhism
-capital was Chang'an (walled city)
Song Dynasty
- had an economic revolution
-foot binding (tightly binding women's feet to conform to a 'standard of beauty', forced the women to depend on their husbands)
-increased patriarchy, Neo Confucianism
-tribute system
-printing press, compass, gunpowder
-after Tang
Neo- Confucianism
-New form of Confucianism that emerged in the Song dynasty
-tightened patriarchy
-combined Confucianism with Buddhism and Daoism
Tribute System
-Chinese method of dealing with foreign lands and peoples ]
-subordination of all non-Chinese authorities and requires the payment of a tribute (a thing of value from their countries)
Chinese Buddhism
-Buddhism was China's only large scale cultural borrowing before the 12th century
- Buddhism entered China from India in the first and second centuries CE only became popular in 300-800 CE through a series of cultural accommodation
- Fat and happy Buddha figure comes from starving Chinese peasants seeing that as ideal
Bushido
-The "way of the warrior"
-referring to the military virtues of the Japanese samurai including bravery, loyalty
-emphasis on death over surrender
-similar to chivalry
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