World History: Chapter 11
Terms in this set (15)
What is the name of the period during the fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries in European history in which learning and the arts revived and flourished?
The renewed focus on man's capacities .
What new course of study became popular in Europe during the Renaissance? What subjects or disciplines were included in the course of study?
Humanities included the study of history, science, grammar, classical literature, and philosophy.
What was the goal of Renaissance education?
The goal of Renaissance education was to develop well-rounded individuals.
What period of history did the Renaissance humanist admire?
Greek and Roman.
In addition to the Roman Church, what family became the most famous patron of the Renaissance learning and art? Who was the most noted patron of this family?
Lorenzo de Medici
Who is called the Father of Humanism because he led the way in reviving interest and study in classical literature?
What work of Erasmus did later reformers and Bible translators use?
Greek New Testament
What contribution did Johannes Gutenberg make to European history?
He printed the Bible in 1456 using his invention called the movable-type printing press.
What Englishmen is generally considered the greatest playwright of all time?
During the High Renaissance, what city became the cultural center of Italy?
List the three most famous painters of the High Renaissance period; beside each, give the title of one of their masterpieces.
Leonardo da Vinci - Mona Lisa
Raphael (Rafaello Sanzio) - School of Athens
Michelangelo Buonarroti - Creation of the Sun, Moon, and Plants (Sistine Chapel ceiling) or Pietà
What beautiful, wealthy city, called the Queen of the Adriatic, became the center of culture during the late Renaissance? Identify two leading painters from this city.
Venice became the leading city during the late Renaissance.
Titian (Tiziano Vecelli) and Tintoretto.
Identify a Northern Renaissance artist for each of the following characteristics:
Portrait Painting: Hans Holbein
Genre Painting: Pieter Brueghel
Woodcarvings and Engravings: Albrecht Dürer
Detailed Realism Through Oil Painting: Jan van Eyck
Who was the most famous composer of church music during the Renaissance? What type of music did he master?
Palestrina (Giovanni Pierluigi) was the master of polyphonic music (consisting of many melodies).
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